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1400’s-1500’s. The Renaissance A time of change . End Medieval Europe. End of 1300’s. Medieval Europe No strong kingdoms/ leader Bubonic Plague Killed 60 percent of population Hundred Years War (France vs England) Overall uncertainty Lack of Faith Death and Disease

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end medieval europe
End Medieval Europe

End of 1300’s

  • Medieval Europe

No strong kingdoms/ leader

Bubonic Plague

Killed 60 percent of population

Hundred Years War (France vs England)

Overall uncertainty

Lack of Faith

Death and Disease

Few that survived celebrated life

New appreciation for life

medieval church
Medieval Church
  • Church Authority
    • The Catholic Church was the only Church in Western Europe.
    • The Bible was only to be read by Priests or Bishops.
    • Church services were only in the Latin Language.
    • Popes had great power
slide4

How did society and cities change in the 1300s?

  • Education became more important
  • era of Philosophers-
  • people wanted to understand the world
  • explain the unexplainable
  • seek answers: way NOT through only religion
  • Lost faith in religion
  • Specialization in agriculture increased
  • more trade- could go longer distances
  • (goods and transfer of ideas)
  • urban areas became centers of commerce
  • Merchants and artisans became important
  • rich was getting richer, poor getting poorer
  • more beggar's- illegal
  • more emphasis on money–
  • lead to more emphasis on goods/luxury
  • cities became displays of wealth ex- Italy.
why in italy at this time
Why in Italy at this Time?
  • Trade and town building
  • Legacy of the greek and roman empires
      • Bring back the good times
  • Inspiration!

-death

-bad experiences

-happiness for surviving

-ruins of the city

-build upwards

-competition for money/wealth was strong

people took leisure time more seriously

less time worshipping

led to the arts

what is the renaissance
What is the Renaissance?
  • Renaissance means “rebirth”
  • Characteristics of the Renaissance
    • End of the Dark Ages (Medieval Ages)
    • Focus on individual achievement
    • Revival of interest in the arts and literature without influence of religion
    • Renewal of interest in education
cosimo de medici
Cosimo De Medici

Wealthiest European!

  • Feudalism had less of a grip on Italy
  • presence of antiquity was stronger in Italy than elsewhere in Europe

In Florence, Italy

Became dictator

Money= power

Banking family

Lorenzo the Magnificent (grandson) took over

Supported the arts- Financially!

slide8

VENICE

FLORENCE

slide9

Secular Shift

Humanism

  • Created a division
  • Focused on “worldly” aspects, not spiritual
  • Separation of philosophy and religion
  • Shift away from Christianity
  • Intellectual movement that focused on human potential
  • Focus on HUMAN accomplishment
  • Focus away from religion
  • Ex: history, philosophy, poetry..
  • Belief: enjoy life= doesn’t offend God
  • Emphasis luxuries, music, food…
  • Interest in ancient Greek, Roman culture
  • characteristics of good education
  • Curiosity about the world

Humanism

the renaissance man and woman
The Renaissance Man and Woman
  • “universal man” – can do everything, worldly
  • Expected to contribute to society
  • Broad knowledge, educated
  • Additionally, highly skilled in one area or more
  • Charming, educated, sing, dance, create art….

Woman- less of an expectation

  • must be charming and entertaining
  • Educated enough to know the classics
slide11

In writing

Artists Methods

  • Vernacular- portrayed individuality, self expression
  • Began to write in modern (Italian) instead of traditional (Latin)
  • Perspective-
  • three-dimensional objects on a flat surface
  • Realistic style- human bodies, expressions, natural looking
  • Subject matter changed; artists: paint, sculpt scenes from Greek, Roman myths not just religious.

Changes in Styles and Techniques

more about renaissance art architecture
More About Renaissance Art/Architecture

Reflected the “feelings” “spirit” of the time.

  • Scenes were not just limited to religion- myths, nudes, nature, leaders, self-portrayals were popular subjects
  • Imitation of reality was key
  • “Personality” was present in the artwork
  • People looked up to artists -became cultural heroes
slide13

Patrons of the Arts

Supporters of art

Financially!

Merchant class

Wealthy class

To “beautify” Italy

Renaissance artists worked for whoever offered them the highest price

statue of david
“Statue of David”

King David from the Bible

Freestanding Nude

leonardo davinci 1452 1519
Leonardo daVinci (1452-1519)

Painter, inventor, sculptor, scientist. Renaissance Man!

the mona lisa
“The Mona Lisa”

Thought behind her smile?

sistine chapel details
Sistine Chapel Details

“Creation of Man”

“Creation of the Heavens”

raphael 1483 1520
Raphael (1483-1520)

Shows: Classical influence on the Renaissance

Advanced realism

slide34

The School of Athens

Da Vinci

Zoroaster

Raphael

Michelangelo

Ptolemy

Euclid

Pythagoras

d rer albrecht self portrait at 28 1500 oil on panel
Dürer, AlbrechtSelf-Portrait at 281500Oil on panel

Woodcuts & engravings

Inspired in Germany from Italy

(culture spreading)

Classical myths

Realistic landscapes

slide37
Albrecht DürerGerman, 1471 - 1528Portrait of a Clergyman 1516oil on parchment on fabricpainted surface

The clergyman's ardor, spiritual zeal, and intense determination are communicated through the turn of the head, the fixed, staring eyes, and the tight, compressed lips.With great respect for reality, Dürer has recorded every detail of the man's appearance regardless of how small or unimportant it may be: the wrinkles and lines of the face, the individual strands of fine hair, the coarse skin texture, and even the reflection of window panes in the irises of the eyes.

renaissance writers
Renaissance Writers
  • NiccoloMachiavelli Politician from Florence
  • “The Prince”-Handbook for political leaders
      • Do what is politically effective, not morally correct
      • cheat, lie, steal- deceitful actions for ones own advantage
      • States: most people are fickle, corrupt, selfish
      • Do whatever it takes to maintain power

“It is better to be feared than loved”

“The ends justify the means”

“A prince never lacks legitimate reasons to

break his promise”

1400 s 1500 s renaissance spreads north
1400’s-1500’s Renaissance spreads North!
  • Shakespeare
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DgSIy_i8Xq4
  • Plato
  • Thomas More
  • Christine de Pizan
slide44

The Globe Theater

Shakespeare’s theater is located just outside of London, England.

have you heard these phrases
Have you heard these phrases?
  • I couldn’t sleep a wink.
  • He was dead as a doornail.
  • She’s a tower of strength.
  • They hoodwinked us.
  • I’m green-eyed with jealousy.
  • We’d better lie low for awhile.
  • Keep a civil tongue in your head.