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A Numerical Study of the Track Deflection of Supertyphoon Haitang (2005) Prior to Its Landfall in Taiwan. REFERENCE: Jian, G.-J., and C.-C. Wu, 2008 : A Numerical Study of the Track Deflection of Supertyphoon

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A Numerical Study of the Track Deflection of Supertyphoon Haitang (2005) Prior to Its Landfall in Taiwan


Jian, G.-J., and C.-C. Wu, 2008: A Numerical Study of the Track Deflection of Supertyphoon

Haitang (2005) prior to its landfall in Taiwan. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 598-615.

Speaker: Chen, D-S

Advisor : Prof. Yang, M-J

  • Introduction
  • Brief overview
  • Model setup and experiment design
  • Numerical results
  • Discussion and conclusions
  • The prior from1958 to 2005,161 Typhoons, 86 of them making landfall in Taiwan.
  • 70% of total land area consists of mountain
  • In 2005 ,3 supertyphoon landfall in Taiwan, supertyphoon Haitang have the track deflection.
introduction cont
Introduction (cont.)

The three question:

1)What dynamical processes are responsible for Haitang’s track deflection before landfall in Taiwan?

2)What is the role played by Taiwan’s terrain?

3)What is the impact of the vortex structure ,that is, with different values of structure parameter in the initial vortex?

brief overview
Brief Overview

TD 230 N

TS 17 m/s 00Z 12 July 2005

TS 33 m/s 18Z 13 July 2005

Guam NNE 900 Km

ST 51 m/s 06Z 16 July 2005

# Max. intensity

Wind speed 55 m/s 15Z 16 July

MSLP 912 h Pa

# Landfall

About 30 km north of Hua-Lien at 0650 UTC 18 July


brief overview cont
Brief Overview (cont.)
  • Caused 12 deaths and the property damage of at least $150 million
  • Moving across the CMR , further weakened to a tropical storm at 06Z 19 July
  • Finally , second landfall over the Fulian and then became a TD at 12Z 20 July
  • Radar

Wu-Fen-Shan (WSR-88D)

Hua-Lien (METEOR 1000S)

18Z 17 July ~ 05Z 18 July

experiment design
Experiment Design

• The NCAR–AFWA bogusing scheme (Davis and Low-Nam 2001) to implant an initial Rankine vortex into the operational CWB NFS analysis.

The Rankine vortex is

numerical results
Numerical Results





numerical results1
Numerical Results

dBz 17/18Z ~ 18/05Z

CTRL 27h ~ 42h

numerical results2
Numerical Results

Max. Wind Speed (m/s)

28h 29h 30h 31h 32h 33h

W 45.8 47.9 50.7 52.2 53.9 55.3

E 51.3 54.1 55.2 51.7 50.3 50.4

W-E -5.5 -6.3 -4.50.5 2.6 4.9

numerical results4
Numerical Results


3.3 m/s

Average asymmetric flow

Storm motion vector

numerical results6




Max. tangential wind inside the radius


Numerical Results

The higher Vmax before about 31h is on the northeastern , between 31 and 35 h, the max. shifts to the western side of the storm.

numerical results7
Numerical Results

The advection wind vectors ( red arrow) of H70 and H40 experiment are also pointing to the southwest.

2.5 m/s

2.4 m/s

The storm motion vector (yellow arrow) parallel with 700 hPa.

The region of stronger wind in H10 and FLAT simula-tions generally appears in the NNE.

1.5 m/s

2.3 m/s

Moving westward with translation speed of 1.5 m/s and 2.3 m/s, which agree well with the adv-ection wind vectors

numerical results8
A35 A47 CTRL

MMTW (m/s) 52.3 47.4 42.1

MSLP (hPa) 941 952 960

RMWs (km) 70 65 60

MMTW : max. mean tangential wind

MSLP : mean sea level pressure

RMW : the radius of max. wind

Numerical Results
discussion and conclusions
Discussion and Conclusions
  • All experiments are performed with highest horizontal resolution of 4 km using the WRF-ARW modeling system, v. 2.0.3, all the 72-h model simulations begin at 00Z 17 July 2005.
  • Sensitivity experiments of the Taiwan terrain, for experiments with the terrain height decreased to 70% or 40% of that in CTRL, the simulated storm still exhibits a looping path before landfall.
  • The Taiwan terrain plays a significant role in the track deflection. When Haitang was about 60km east of Taiwan, the low-level flow on the western side of storm center accelerated because the air parcels originate from a relatively wider area.
discussion and conclusions cont
Discussion and Conclusions (cont.)
  • The high terrain in Taiwan plays a critical role in inducing the strong low-level northerly jet to the west of the center of Haitang, and thus a southward advection flow that leads to the southward drift.
  • The storm in A35 is larger, more intense , and more rapidly moving vortex and therefore would be more likely to move across the Taiwan terrain with less track deflection.
  • Although a low-level northerly jet is also predicted in the western portion of the A35 storm, the strongest winds associated with the storm are on the eastern side of the storm.