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Strategies to convert entry of MLN in Burundi. Nkurun ziza Gelase ISABU/Maize nkurugelase@yahoo.fr nkurugelase@gmail.com. Back ground. Burundi area: 27 834 km 2 Population in 2008: 8 060 000 More than 90%: agricultural people Cereals as maize: main crop in Burundi

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strategies to convert entry of mln in burundi

Strategies to convert entry of MLN in Burundi

Nkurunziza Gelase

ISABU/Maize

nkurugelase@yahoo.fr

nkurugelase@gmail.com

back ground
Back ground
  • Burundi area: 27 834 km2
  • Population in 2008: 8 060 000
  • More than 90%: agricultural people
  • Cereals as maize: main crop in Burundi
  • Principal known deseases of maize in Burundi: MSV, Common Rust, Turci, GLS,
  • MSV is a dangerous desease because it is diffucult to control and the resistant varieties degenerate very quickly
back ground1
Back ground
  • About MLND:

- Not sure if there is MLN in Burundi

- Overlook the symptoms of MLN

  • High probality to have it in Burundi
  • Need to confirm that MLN exits or no by analysis
  • Opportunities: phyto laboratory, staff
analysis on the existence of mln two cas are possible
Analysis on the existence of MLN: Two cas are possible
  • Sample collected and analysed: 2 possibilities of results:
  • MLND do not exist in Burundi: strategies to convert its entry in the country
  • MLND exist in Burundi: strategies to fight against its propagation or to manage it
1 strategies to convert the entry of mln in burundi
1. Strategies to convert the entry of MLN in Burundi
  • Educate farmers about the disease: symptoms, its scale, mode of propagation, its means of control, etc.
  • Early alert systems: if a farmer suspected of similar symptoms, he must inform the agricultural services
  • Promote and popularize the rotation system that prevents its spread: avoid previous crops based cereals, would prevent virus survival on intermediate hosts
1 strategies to convert the entry of mln in burundi1
1. Strategies to convert the entry of MLN in Burundi
  • Popularize the best system and planting date: not spread over the seedlings in the same site, even if irrigation is possible or even if it rains all year
  • Avoid imported germplasm or seed from countries where the disease exists
  • Conduct research on the selection or development of MLN resistant varieties
2 no occurrence strategies to fight against its propagation
2. No occurrence: strategies to fightagainstits propagation
  • Train the farmers about the disease: symptoms, its scale, mode of propagation, strategies for control, etc.
  • Promote and popularize the rotation system that prevents its spread: avoid previous crops based on cereals would prevent virus survival on intermediate hosts
2 no occurrence strategies to fight against its propagation1
2. No occurrence: strategies to fightagainstits propagation
  • Conduct research on the selection or development of resistance varieties
  • Collaborate with international research institutes working on maize
  • Disseminate MLND resistant varieties