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A Writing Center Workshop by Rimun Murad and Carol Dillon. Quoting and Paraphrasing:. A quote : an exact reproduction of a portion of a text, usually using quotation marks and giving credit to the original author(s) in a prescribed documentation style.

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Presentation Transcript
definitions

A quote: an exact reproduction of a portion of a text, usually using quotation marks and giving credit to the original author(s) in a prescribed documentation style.

A paraphrase: a representation of a portion of a text that retains the meaning of the original text, changes the form of the original text (key words and sentence structure), and gives credit to the original author(s) in a prescribed documentation style.

definitions
when to quote

When a paraphrase would dilute or alter the meaning of the passage

When you wish to stress the point made in a text

When a noted expert’s words support your point

When controversial comments oppose or support your point(s)

When text indicates your consideration of varying viewsSt. Martin’s Handbook, 5th ed.

When to Quote:
examples

“Because the whether we globalize groups tend to be more noisy and violent, they have increasingly drowned out the how we globalize groups” (Friedman 611).

A former Prime Minister of New Zealand and Director-General of the World Trade Organization, Mike Moore, asserts, “There will be no lasting peace unless there is peace and co-existence between religions” (615).

“So, it’s catastrophic for muddle-minded liberals to join in and cudgel impoverished workers for whom a sweatshop job is the first step on life’s escalator” (Kristof 626).

Ramage, Bean and Johnson, Writing Arguments: A Rhetoric with Readings, 6thed, 2004

Examples:
when to paraphrase

When a text contains details supporting your point(s)

When an expert adds credibility to your point(s) that you have already supported with quotes or text

When to Paraphrase
methods of paraphrasing

Read the text that you want to paraphrase; set it aside, and then write the text in your own words.

Take notes from the text, and then set aside; write your paraphrase later (next day?).

Change the key words of the text, using synonyms, and then change the structure (or vice versa).

UW-Madison, The Writing Center

Methods of paraphrasing
the paraphrase process
The Paraphrase Process

The original: “The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these states” (Jefferson, Declaration of Independence).

Key words underlined: “The history of the presentKing of Great Britain is a history of repeatedinjuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolutetyranny over these states” (Jefferson, Declaration of Independence).

Joseph M. Williams, Style: Lessons in Clarity and Grace, 9th ed, 2007

The Paraphrase Process
the process continued

Key phrases: “[The history of the present King of Great Britain] is [a history of repeated injuries and usurpations], [all having in direct object] [the establishment of an absolute tyranny] [over these states]” (Jefferson, Declaration of Independence).

Paraphrase: The colonists experienced the oppressive power of King George II and III through a long period of abuses (Jefferson, Declaration of Independence).

The Process Continued
paraphrasing is dangerous only if you don t know how

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

OR ASSISTANCE:

Make an appointment at the Writing Center to bring in your sources and paper.

Practice your paraphrasing skills online at

www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/ QuotingSources.html

paraphrasing IS dangerous ONLY IF YOU DON’T KNOW HOW