Trade and Interactions Mini- ProjectTurks and Abbasids: Adapting, Taking Over, and Making and Empire even greater By- Nikhil Gosike, Nasir Asif, Sai Palati and Dimi Atanassov
Arabs/Islamic Kingdoms • Islam was established in Arabia in 629 C.E when Muhammad and his followers captured Mecca. • After Muhammad death the Caliph helped spread Islam. • The Umayyad dynasty was established in 661 C.E and fell in 750 C.E after a rebellion. • After the Umayyad dynasty came the Abbasid dynasty which ruled from 750-1258 C.E. the Abbasid dynasty fell after it was taken over by Seljuk Turks. • The Arabs formed the Hemispheric trading zone getting silk and ceramics from China, spiced from India, and textiles from the Byzantine Empire.
Turks • The Turks were never unified and were separated by tribes and clans. • Turks went to different countries including Persia, Anatolia and India. • Many Turks served in the Abbasid army and the Abbasids recognized the Seljuk leader Tughril beg as Sultan. • Seljuk Turks entered Anatolia and captured it. • The Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453. • The Turkish Ghaznavids led by Mahmud of Ghazni invaded northern India. Tughril Beg Mahmud of Ghazni
Trade Interactions • Turks traded with the Abbasid Empire • Turks were traded as slaves to the Abbasids • Served in military positions • Turks produced limited amounts of pottery, metal goods, and other tools • Traded these things to the Abbasids for agricultural and manufactured products
Means of Transportation • The Turks used Horses to travel. • The Arabs had caravans of camels that were used for trade. • Arabs also used ships to trade across the Indian Ocean .
Effects • The Abbasids expanded markets and economy while trading with the Turks • Turks ended up converting to Islam, the religion of the Abbasids • Turks ended up becoming the unofficial rulers of the Abbasid empire • Saljuqs lived in Abbasid realm, and leaders were known as Sultans • Sultans had power, while Caliphs were figureheads
Crusades • Crusades were wars between Muslims and Christians over Palestine • Turks, Egyptians, and other Muslims from empires united to combat the Christians • Turks ended up interacting with other Arab/Islamic kingdoms while fighting together Saladin, Muslim leader during the Crusade, along with other Muslims.
Quiz • Who did the Abbasid’s recognize as sultan? Tughril Beg • What was one major interaction between Turks and the Abbasid’s? Turks served in the Abbasid army.
Quiz • What animals did the Arabs use for their caravans? Camels • What were many Turks traded as to the Abbasids? Slaves