Foreign Exchange FOREX
Exporter Foreign Currency Receivable Risk : FC Value Decreases Balance sheet : Liability Asset ---- Foreign Currency Importer Foreign Currency Payable Risk : FC Value Increases Balance sheet : Liability Asset Foreign ---- Currency MMH (Money Market Hedge)
Hedging : Borrow Foreign Currencyequivalent to the Present Value of FC to be received. Convert FC to Home Currency Repay Loan in FC when you receive your FC payment. Hedging : Borrow Home Currencyequivalent to the Present Value of FC to be payable. Convert Home Currency Borrowing to FC. Deposit FC in the Foreign Country. Repay FC when the date of payment become due. When IRP Theory is not valid than only Forward cover and MMH will give Different Result.
Netting Vs Matching Matching : (Hedging Tool) Under matching process receivables and payables are matched in order to decide the net forex exposure amount. However transaction are settled separately and hence there is no transaction cost saving. Netting : Under this process payable & receivables are adjusted and net balance is settled. As a result of this no. of transaction is reduced and hence there is saving of transaction cost. Multilateral One-to-many One party receivable & payables with all other parties are adjusted and balance amount is settled. Bilateral One-to-one One party receivable & payables with other party is adjusted and balance amount is settled.