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Disability Awareness . Training Module. What is a Disability. There are several ways of defining disability. The social model looks at ways in which disabled people live their lives and the barriers that society imposes.

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disability awareness

Disability Awareness

Training Module

what is a disability

What is a Disability

There are several ways of defining disability.

The social model looks at ways in which disabled people live their lives and the barriers that society imposes.

The medical model defines impairment, disability and handicap as follows:

Impairment – loss or abnormality in structure or function

Disability – inability to perform an activity within normal range for a human being because of impairment

Handicap – inability to carry out normal social roles because of impairment/ handicap

types of impairment

Types of Impairment

The subsequent effects of an illness, accident or medical

condition upon a way a person functions can be divided into two categories: Visible and Invisible.

For example someone in a wheel chair has an obvious physical impairment. Whilst someone who suffers from diabetes may have a visual impairment and mobility issues due to slow circulation & loss of sensation.

facts about disabled people in the uk 2003
Facts about Disabled Peoplein the UK (2003)

8.6 million people

in the UK are disabled people

1 million people

More than 1 million people

have learning disabilities

are blind

2 million people

250,000 people

rely on hearing aids

are profoundly deaf

5 million disabled people

are of working age

60,000 people

use British Sign Language

facts about disabled people in london information taken from health in london 2003
Facts about Disabled People in London(Information taken from Health in London 2003)
  • Disabled people are twiceas likely to be unemployed than non-disabled people
  • In 2003, 26% of young disabled people (16–24)were unemployed
  • 20% of households include a disabled person
  • Only 17% of public buildings are accessible to disabled people to the mobility standards of the Building Regulations (Equality & Diversity Audit Commission 2002)
  • Household incomes tend to be 20–30% lower for disabled people (Child poverty action group 2001)
  • The average pay for disabled people in London is 20% lower than the average pay for non-disabled Londoners
  • Disabled people are half as likely to be managersor professionals
the top ten worst words




The Top Ten Worst Words






















Source: Wheel Power

Wheelchair Users Group, Goodhew House, 119 Enbrook Valley,

Folkestone, CT20 3NE

word power
Word Power
  • Look at the following words and phrases and consider whether they imply a positive, negative or neutral image
    • Wheelchair bound
    • People with disabilities
    • Person with cerebral palsy
    • Disabled person
    • Mentally handicapped
    • Learning difficulties
    • Mentally distressed
    • Person with Downs Syndrome
    • The disabled
  • Deaf people
  • Crippled
  • Invalid
  • Spastic
  • The Blind
  • Blind people
  • Mental
  • Mongoloid
disability discrimination act
Disability Discrimination Act
  • The Disability Discrimination Act gives disabled people important rights not to be discriminated against
    • in accessing everyday goods and services like shops, cafes, banks, cinemas and places of worship
    • in buying or renting land or property
    • in accessing or becoming a member of a larger private club
    • in accessing the functions of public bodies
  • It is unlawful for employers to discriminate against disabled people for a reason related to their disability