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Life Transitions in Work and Leisure. Childhood --> 0-12 yrs Adolescence --> 13-21 Early adulthood --> 18-40 Middle adulthood --> 35-65 Late adulthood --> 65-75 Old age --> 75 +. CHILDHOOD. First definition of work-leisure No real concept of time, life or death Reality is what is seen

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Life Transitions in Work and Leisure


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    1. Life Transitions in Work and Leisure • Childhood --> 0-12 yrs • Adolescence --> 13-21 • Early adulthood --> 18-40 • Middle adulthood --> 35-65 • Late adulthood --> 65-75 • Old age --> 75 +

    2. CHILDHOOD • First definition of work-leisure • No real concept of time, life or death • Reality is what is seen • Issues of heredity (vs) environment • Early work/leisure patterns affect latter life patterns • Environmental control

    3. PLAY IN CHILDRENCHARACTERISTICS • Self motivated activity (voluntary) • Stepping outside ordinary life (pretending) • Secluded and limited in time and space • Not serious but can be intense • Bounded by rules • Promotes formation of social groups • Restricted by:money, transportation, parental control,lack of experience

    4. THEORIES OF PLAY • Arousal seeking (optimal level of arousal) (Individual interaction with the env. Novelty, complexity, new information) • Control of Environment (Mastery, problem solving) • Exploration (Specific: what does the object do Diverse: What can I do with the object)

    5. ISSUES Lack of Identity career,mate,car, dress,money,family Independence jobs,music,clothes, hair,language TENSIONS Sexual desires Obedience Autonomy Manifested in: high crime rate, sex, substance abuse,gangs auto accidents ADOLESCENCE

    6. Motivation Behind Choices • Unconditional (Children) • unconstrained by external forces • Compensatory and recuperative (Adults) • What benefits does the choice have for • the individual • Relational (Adults) • Personal relationships • Role determining (Adults) • Social relationships

    7. ISSUES Full of dreams Conquer the world Marriage/children Career goals Leisure goals TENSIONS First questions of self,work,leisure Why am I doing what I am doing Unfulfilled dreams Tendency to overwork Body image Love ADULTHOOD

    8. MIDLIFE CRISIS FOR MEN • Hormone production decreases • Body image: hair loss, stomach, legs, etc. • Sex vigor decreases • Stress becomes unproductive • Empty nest syndrome • Parents dying • Friends have first heart attack or grandchildren • Dreams not realized (opportunities gone) • Trapped in a job

    9. MIDLIFE CRISIS FORWOMEN • Children need them less • Body image?? Appearance • Identity crumbling • Preoccupied with delayed career • Dreams unrealized • Love

    10. ISSUES Settling down Enjoying life at present Content with marriage children Content with career and leisure TENSIONS Time is now limited Death becomes a distant reality Too late to switch career Regret mistakes like marriage, career family Health is a concern MIDDLE ADULTHOOD(post MIDLIFE crisis)

    11. ISSUES Free time Retirement Family TENSIONS Death is a reality Body doesn’t work Meaning and purpose Contribution in life Role changes OLD AGE