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India @ 75: Next Steps . C.K.Prahalad Paul and Ruth McCracken Distinguished University Professor The University of Michigan. July 30, 2009 . Agenda For the Session. India @ 75 Agenda The Journey so far: Lessons learned Choice of “Big Issues” from India@75 Approach to Action

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india @ 75 next steps
India @ 75: Next Steps

C.K.Prahalad

Paul and Ruth McCracken Distinguished University Professor

The University of Michigan

July 30, 2009

agenda for the session
Agenda For the Session
  • India @ 75 Agenda
  • The Journey so far: Lessons learned
  • Choice of “Big Issues” from India@75
  • Approach to Action
  • Moving Forward
slide3

India @ 75

Actively Shape the Emerging World Order

Through

Economic Strength

Technological Vitality

Moral Leadership

what india can be in 2022
What India can be in 2022

1. World’s Largest Pool of Trained Manpower:

200 million college graduates (~16%)

500 million trained, skilled workforce (~40%)

Universal Literacy

2. World’s Leaders in Industry and Commerce

30 of Fortune 100 from India

3. India Accounts for 10 % of World Trade

A broad scope of products and services

4. India as a Source of Global Innovations

New Businesses, New Forms of Organization,

New Technologies

what india can be in 20221
What India can be in 2022

5. Focus on the Bottom of the Pyramid as a

Source of Innovations for the World

(Leaders in Health, Education, Energy,

Transportation, Sustainable Development for all)

6. A Flowering of Art, Literature, and Science

( 10 Nobel Prize Winners from India)

7. A New Moral Voice for People Around the World

India as a country where Universality and

Inclusiveness is widely practiced. India becomes

the most Benchmarked country for its capacity to

accept and benefit from its diversity

india@75 journey
India@75 Journey

Getting it Done

Development of

National Vision:

The Peoples’ Agenda

Developing State Level

India @ 75 Perspectives,

5,000 people, 77 workshops,

17 District Level Plans

Task Force Meetings’

Meeting with Political Leaders

State Level Bureaucrats

National Presentation, Video Links

CII, Yi, BCG and CII Mission

Focus Groups, 4000+ People

All Socio-economic Strata,

Test the Idea

India@75 Speech, New York

June – Nov.

2008

Jan.-April

2009

August

2009 ----

Sept. 23

2007

May 8,

2008

key aspects of india@75 informing public debate and policy
Key Aspects of India@75 informing Public Debate and Policy

India is a young country with 70% of the population

below the age of 35. To reap the “demographic dividend”,

The Indian National Congress believes that there is an urgent

need to put in place an extensive skill development programme

so that the employability of the youth is enhanced

Congress Manifesto 2009

India is currently estimated to have a total workforce of 500 million,

which is expected to grow by 20 million every year over the next 10 years.

India’s demographic dividend can be realized only if the country invests in

developing skills to make our youths employable

President’s address to Lok Sabha

india@ 75 methodology
India@ 75 Methodology
  • Not “Business as Usual” but Innovation
  • Stretch Goals: Aspiration > Resources
  • Fold the Future in
  • Focus on Big Issues: e.g. Skills, Sustainability
  • A sense of Urgency
  • Focus on World Class
  • Focus on Scale
  • Non-Negotiables in Economic Development
  • New Social Compact:
  • Private Sector- Govt.- Civil Society
  • 10.Excitement, Energy, Engagement, Empowerment
the sandbox for economic development
The “Sandbox” for Economic Development

Global Scale

Environmentally

Sustainable

Rule of Law,

Individual Rights

Innovationswithin

These Constraints

New Price-

Performance

Levels

Social

Equity Focus

Market Based

the sandbox for economic development1
The “Sandbox” for Economic Development

Global Scale

Environmentally

Sustainable

Rule of Law,

Individual Rights

Accountability for

Performance

Business,

Politicians,

Civil Society,

Bureaucrats

New Price-

Performance

Levels

Social

Equity Focus

Market Based

india@75 big issues
India@75: Big Issues

Skill

Development

Inclusive

Urbanization

Sustainable

Development

500 Million

300 New

Cities ?

“More for Less

for More”*

* RA Mashelkar

let us focus on skill development
Let us Focus on Skill Development

Goals Implications

500 million Scale

12 years Urgency

World Class Rigorous

Monetizable Relevant

Inclusive Affordable, Accessible

Consistency New Delivery Systems

Innovation; Next Practices

innovation sandbox for skill development
Innovation Sandbox for Skill Development

Global Standards

Consistency

Scale

Inclusion

skill development innovation sandbox
Skill Development “Innovation Sandbox”

Global Standards

Learning

Platforms

Techno

logy

Rigor,

Relevance

Focused

Resources

Consistency

Scale

Empowerment

Student

Retention,

Excitement

Standards,

Assess-

ment

Low cost,

Remote Delivery

Inclusion

starting points
Starting Points:
  • India @ 75 has received broad acceptance among
  • CII leadership, YI, people at large, media,
  • bureaucrats, and politicians. The idea has Traction.
  • India’s development has been asymmetric. Deployment
  • of India @ 75 will be different in different States and
  • in Districts within States. We will start with a
  • District as the focus for deployment effort.
  • Highly decentralized deployment requires a focus on
  • quality. We need integrity to the concepts (non-
  • negotiables as in TQM) and unique, locally
  • relevant projects and priorities. It is National and
  • Local at the same time.
starting points1
Starting Points:

4. India @ 75 provides opportunities for a large number

of experiments. The type of experiment depends

our imagination

5. India @ 75 deployment needs clarity to objectives and

clarity to metrics. For example: Number of children

not in School…..

6. India @ 75 needs continuity. Volunteers must commit

time for a period of say 2 years. Further, we should

work with teams of Volunteers

7. Building a local Coalition is key. Volunteers, CII, local

NGOs, Bureaucrats and Politicians must be engaged

starting points2
Starting Points:
  • Volunteers must internalize the message of India @75.
  • It is not about “more of the same”. It is about
  • Change. It is about Aspiration. It is about challenging
  • “ground realities”. It is about an unshakable belief
  • in India, Indians and its role in the world. This is not
  • for those who say: “I agree, but……”
  • 9. It is about sacrifice. It is about subordinating “private
  • benefits to public benefits”. It is asking “what you can
  • do for the country; not what it can do for you”*
  • 10. It is about celebrating our privilege. Privilege comes
  • with Obligations.

* John F. Kennedy

transformation requires
Transformation Requires:

Imagination

Passion

Courage

Humanity

Humility

Intellect

Luck !