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Auschwitz / Birkenau

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Auschwitz / Birkenau. Location. Auschwitz/Birkenau is located in Oswiecim, Poland . Established/Liberated . Auschwitz/Birkenau was established on O ctober 8 th 1941. Then it was liberated on January 27 th 1945. Number Killed.

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location
Location
  • Auschwitz/Birkenau is located in Oswiecim, Poland
established liberated
Established/Liberated
  • Auschwitz/Birkenau was established on October 8th 1941. Then it was liberated on January 27th 1945.
number killed
Number Killed
  • It is estimated that The Nazis killed 2.1 to 2.5 million Jews, Gypsies, and Homosexuals in Auschwitz/Birkenau, But that is only an estimate. People think that at least 4 million were killed by the Nazis in that one camp!
purpose of the camp
Purpose of the Camp
  • Auschwitz/ Birkenau is a Sub camp but it was also an extermination camp.
interesting facts
Interesting facts
  • Auschwitz/ Birkenau was liberated by the red army or the Soviet Union.
  • There was a total of 7 gas chambers in Auschwitz/ Birkenau.
  • There were 3 Crematoriums were they burned the dead into ashes.
  • This camp had more security than any other camp in Poland
location1
Location
  • Bergen-Belsen is located in Lower Saxony, Germany.
established liberated1
Established/Liberated
  • Bergen-Belsen was established in 1940 and was liberated in April 15th 1945 by British troops.
number killed1
Number Killed
  • It is estimated that about 18,000 people died every month in this camp by the end it is thought to have killed about 2 million people.
purpose of the camp1
Purpose of the Camp
  • This camp was originally a Prisoner of war camp but was then turned into a death camp.
facts
Facts
  • Anne Frank was sent here and died here.
  • This camp was liberated by the British.
  • About 20,000 died in one month
  • Anne Franks Margot also died here
location2
Location
  • The location of Westerbork is in the Netherlands near the towns Westerbork and Assen
established liberated2
Established/Liberated
  • This camp was established in October 1939 and was liberated in April 1945.
number killed2
Number killed
  • Unlike the other camps Westerbork was a deportation camp we it send 54,940 Jews to Auschwitz, 34,313 to Sobibor, 4,771 to Theresienstadt ghetto and 3,762 to Bergen Belsen.
purpose of the camp2
Purpose of the camp
  • The Purpose of this camp was a Deportation camp where it would house Jewish refugees mainly from Germany.
facts1
Facts
  • This was a deportation camp
  • Liberated by Canadian allies
  • Anne Frank was kept here then deported to Bergen-Belsen
  • EttyHillesum was also kept here
location3
Location
  • Belzec was located in Belzec Southeastern Poland near Lvov (L’viv)
establishment liberation
Establishment/Liberation
  • It was established in March 1941and was not liberated it was dismantled by the Nazis and they killed everyone there then they Planted trees and crops to disguise it as a farm
number killed3
Number killed
  • It is thought that about 600,000 were killed by Nazis in this camp
purpose of the camp3
Purpose of the Camp
  • This camp was a deportation camp and an extermination camp. It is estimated that about 434,500 Jews were deported to other camps.
facts2
Facts
  • Reports of killing by electrocution.
  • No one knew about Belzec because it was taken down and turned into a farm by the Nazis.
  • This was one of the most Mysterious camps because there were absolutely no records of it.
  • There is still many questions about Belzec.
location4
Location
  • Majdanek is located in the outskirts of Lublin, Poland
establishment liberation1
Establishment/Liberation
  • It was established in October 1, 1941and then Liberated By the Soviet Union in July 23, 1944.
number killed4
Number Killed
  • When the Soviets liberated the camp They thought to have seen at least 1.7 million Jews dead there in a big pile but when they revised their numbers they counted 1.5 million Jews dead.
purpose of the camp4
Purpose of the camp
  • This camp was originally a POW camp but then changed to and extermination camp for Jews.
facts3
Facts
  • The area of the camp was about 2.7 sq. kilometers, surrounded by an electrified barbed wire fence and watch-towers. It was surrounded by workshops and storage facilities.
  • The first inmates were Polish political prisoners, Polish Jews and 5,000 Soviet POWs who arrived in October 1941.
  • The gas used in this camp was the same as the gas used in Auschwitz/ Birkenau Zyklon-B
  • The largest massacre occurred on November 3, 1943, when 17,000 Jews were machine-gunned to death as part of the 'ErntefestAktion'. It is estimated that up to 500,000 people passed through Majdanek, of whom 200,000 perished. Approximately 125,000 of these were Jews.
bibliography
BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005217
  • http://history1900s.about.com/cs/bergenbelsen/
  • http://www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/Camps/AuschwitzEng.html
  • http://www.shoaheducation.com/camps/location.html#belzec
  • http://www.scrapbookpages.com/poland/majdanek/Majdanek.html
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