Debate II: Speaker Responsibilities. Doris L. W. Chang. Presentation Outline. Speaker Order and Responsibilities (Goodnight 22-31) 1st AC (affirmative constructive speech) 1st NC 2nd AC 2nd NC 1st NR 1st AR 2nd NR 2nd AR Tips on Debate Practices ( Manish Vij )
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Doris L. W. Chang
--to present the strongest possible case for the proposition
--to leave the affirmative in a strong offensive position
with counter-evidence & quote of authority
carefully explain why the aff. case does not fall within the bounds of the resolution.
by re-establishing the aff. def. of terms and topicality, if challenged.
Show the relationship between aff. case and neg. philosophy
Use aff. contentions to refute its philosophy or defense of the present system.
Tips: relate the NR conclusion to the neg. position on case, and its plan objections.
--establish that the need doesn’t exist
--that even if it did, the plan is significantly unable to meet the need.
--that there shall be more disadvantages than advantages.
-- if still unacceptable, drop it if the aff. has adequately defended it.
Tips: in a 5 min. rebuttal speech, spend 2-2.5 min. on plan attacks and the balance on case.
To identify the case arguments the neg. views as voting issues in order to win the round
To demonstrate that the significance of the disadvantages outweighs the advantages or the solvency of the affirmative harm.
Tips: the 1st NR & 2nd NR should communicate well.
4. Don't bet the round on a trick. Don't argue in 2AR that response X, when combined with argument Y, turns disad Z and gives you the victory. Judges can't or won't follow it.
5. Simplify at the end. Write the ballot in the last 20 seconds. Make it clear why you win. Aff: compare your policy with the status quo. Neg: go down stock issues and stress that you must only win one.
This is called Manny and John-style debating, named after Homestead-A 1987-88, M. Varadarajan and J. Riemenschnitter. (They qualed for Nats doing this.) It helps to have a long last name.
7. It's ok to go slightly fast in league. It may even make you look more intelligent. Caveat: That means faster than oratory pace, but not even close to a spread.
8. Humor! Be very cautious and appropriate with this, but if you can get a judge to laugh - and this requires a very delicate sense of appropriateness - the judge is yours.
Goodnight, Lynn. Getting Started in Debate. 2nd Ed. Lincolnwood, Chicago: NTC, 1994.
Vij, Manish. “Introduction to Team Debate.”
April 10, 2006. <http://www.vij.com/debate/>