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Identify the Error. Subject-verb agreement. Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 1. Your subject must agree in number with the verb in the sentence. She chucks the ball into the hoop to tie the score in the last second of the game. Cattle are stampeding through the hall!

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Identify the error

Identify the Error

Subject-verb agreement

Subject verb agreement rule 1
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 1

  • Your subject must agree in number with the verb in the sentence.

  • She chucks the ball into the hoop to tie the score in the last second of the game.

  • Cattle are stampeding through the hall!

  • Firefighting is an “extreme” career.

Subject verb agreement rule 1a
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 1a

  • The number of a subject is not usually determined by prepositional phrases that that follow the subject.

  • A book of poems is on the shelf.

  • The dinosaurs from the Jurassic Period include the Seismosaurus.

Review of prepositional phrases
Review of Prepositional Phrases

Way down south,

In Maycomb County

Inside the Radley house

Behind their wall

Of doubt and shame

apart from you

I’m kept,

Mocked by day, Shunned by night

Despised by those

both black and white,

I long to . . .


Subject verb agreement rule 1b
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 1b

The number of the subject is not determined by a “compound prepositional phrase”

  • His dance skills, together with his delightful sense of humor, have enabled Bryce to become a “ladies’ man.”

  • His delightful sense of humor, together with his dance skills, has enabled Bryce to become a “ladies’ man.”

Subject verb agreement rule 1c
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 1c

  • The number of the subject is usually not determined by words, phrases, clauses that follow the subject.

  • Burt, not Anne and Laura, has tried out for the play.

Subject verb agreement rule 2
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 2

  • An indefinite pronoun refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that may or may not be specifically named. Some indefinite pronouns are singular; others are plural. Certain indefinite pronouns may be either singular or plural, depending on how they are used.

Indefinite pronouns
Indefinite Pronouns

Singular Indefinite Pronouns

anybody everyone one

anyone everything somebody

anything neither someone

each nobody something

either no one

everybody nothing

Subject verb agreement rule 21
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 2

  • Everybody (knows/know) subject-verb agreement rules.

  • Anyone (is/are) able to learn (subject/verb) agreement rules.

  • Each of you (has/have) an opportunity to learn these rules.

  • Everyone (is/are) eager to learn the rules.

  • One of the girls (has/have) mastered the rules.

Indefinite pronouns either neither
Indefinite Pronouns-Either/Neither

  • In addition to being indefinite pronouns, the words EITHER and NEITHER can be used as adjectives and correlating conjunctions. When these words are used as adjectives or correlating conjunctions, they are NOT considered to be the subject of the sentence.

  • Neither boy has any cash in his pocket. (adj.)

  • Neither the boy nor the girls are old enough. (Correlating conjunction)

Subject verb agreement rule 22
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 2

  • Neither of the movies (was/were).

  • Neither of the actresses (was/were) nominated.

  • Neither (is/are) a disappointment.

  • Neither answer (is/are) correct).

  • Either of the students (is/are) able to answer the question.

  • Either girl (has/have) a chance at winning.

Indefinite pronouns1
Indefinite Pronouns

Plural indefinite pronouns





Indefinite pronouns2
Indefinite Pronouns

  • Indefinite pronouns that may be singular or plural depending on how they are used

  • all

  • any

  • more

  • most

  • none

  • some

Subject verb agreement rule 23
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 2

Most of the rule (makes/make) sense.

Most of the rules (makes/make) sense.

None of the pie(was/were) eaten.

None of the pies (was/were) eaten.

All of the rules (was/were) covered.

All of the rule (was/were) covered.

Subject verb agreement rule 3
Subject-Verb agreement Rule 3

  • Compound subjects are two subjects joined by a conjunction.

    The dance and bonfire were a blast.

  • Singular compound nouns take a singular verb.

    Macaroni and cheese is her favorite.

  • Singular subjects joined by “or” or “nor” take a singular verb

    James or Louis knows the score.

Subject verb agreement rule 3 cont
Subject –Verb Agreement Rule 3 (cont.)

  • When a singular subject and a plural subject are joined by “or” or “nor” the verb agrees with the subject closest to it.

  • Neither the teacher nor the students think the answer is easy.

  • Neither the students nor the teacher thinks the answer is easy.

Subject verb agreement rule 31
Subject-Verb Agreement Rule 3

  • Plural subjects joined by “or” or “nor” take a plural verb.

    Neither our phones nor our doorbells (was/were) working.

    Neither the finches nor the cardinals (come/comes) to the birdfeeder.