Theories of Government. Types of Government. Needs for a “state”. Dictatorship Monarchy Democracy/Republic Parliamentary. Population, Territory, Sovereignty, Government Where does this concept of a “nation” come from?. How much of the world is “free”?. How Government Arises.
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Needs for a “state”
Population, Territory, Sovereignty, Government
Where does this concept of a “nation” come from?
Theories of Government
Force, evolutionary, divine right, social contract
How has government itself evolved over human history?
According to Aristotle….
“the politician and lawgiver is wholly occupied with the city-state, and the constitution is a certain way of organizing those who inhabit the city-state” (III.1.1274b36-8).
Aristotle’s definitions of JUSTICE –
Equality or fairness
What was in between?
Both indicate a one-way relationship
When did government originate to “preserve, protect, and defend”? In other words, when did it mean something to be a citizen of a state?
Louis IVX – good example of a Divine Right Ruler – “L’etat. C’estmoi.” Ruled during the height of Mercantilism (wealth of the state determined its power)
For a government to have a two-way relationship (contract), what needs to be present?
English-studied philosophy and science
Greatly influence by the ideas of Descartes
Affected by the Glorious Revolution
Argued that Natural Law affirms citizen’s rights to make government answer to the people.
Wrote the Two Treatises of Government
Argued that government should be based on natural rights-life, liberty, and the pursuit of property.
Government should be based on social contract-an agreement between rulers and people, if a ruler took away people’s natural rights, the people had a right to revolt and set up a new government.Locke vs. Hobbes
How do different GOVERNMENTS emerge?
Through choice or by force?
What are the problems with each type of government?