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Pharmacology. The study of drugs Or the good, the bad, and the ugly. Terminology. Pharmacology : Pharmacologist : Pharmacodynamics :. Pharmacokinetics: Pharmacotherapeutics : Toxicology :. PRN q4h Stat pc BID ac po QID. hs TID qIh New ones SC IM IV.

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Pharmacology

Pharmacology

The study of drugs

Or the good, the bad, and the ugly


Terminology
Terminology

Pharmacology:

Pharmacologist:

Pharmacodynamics:


Pharmacokinetics:

Pharmacotherapeutics:

Toxicology:


Commonly used abbreviations or how much do you remember

PRN

q4h

Stat

pc

BID

ac

po

QID

hs

TID

qIh

New ones

SC

IM

IV

Commonly used abbreviationsOr how much do you remember?


Sources of drugs plants
Sources of Drugs: Plants

Original source of many medications

  • Digitoxin (Digitalis) Foxglove:

  • Quinine (Cinchona Tree)

  • Tamoxifin (Yew Trees)

  • Acetylsalicylic acid or ASA


Animal source
Animal source

  • Glandular:


Animal sources
Animal Sources

  • Oil

  • Antitoxins



Bacteria and mold
Bacteria and Mold

  • Antibiotics

  • Vaccines

  • Escherichia coli



In simpler terms
In simpler terms body

You are in pain

You take Advil

Mechanism of action

Pharmacodynamics:



Okay lets get serious sorry
Okay lets get serious, sorry body

Pharmacokinetics looks at (there are four)







Transdermal topical
Transdermal: body& Topical:

Transdermal

Topical


Rectal vaginal very vascular
Rectal & Vaginal (very vascular) body

No picture use your imagination



Metabolism1
Metabolism body

  • If most drugs are metabolize

  • In people with impaired liver or kidney (excretion) function

  • Metabolism can also be effected


Distribution
Distribution body

  • How is it transported?

  • What is the usual means of transportation of products in the body?

  • How fast will it get to the target cells?

  • Which is faster IM injection, IV, or oral?

  • Why?


Distribution1
Distribution body

  • Also looks at how long the drug takes to reach peak plasma levels



Elimination
Elimination body

  • Methods of elimination include


Pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmacotherapeutics body

  • Clinical Pharmacology


Drug classification
Drug Classification body

  • Pharmacologic Activity:

  • Generic Name:

  • Trade Name:



Drug therapy indications
Drug Therapy Indications body

  • Acute

  • Empirical:

  • Maintenance:


Drug therapy indications1
Drug Therapy Indications body

  • Palliative:

  • Prophylactic:

  • Replacement:


Drug therapy indications2
Drug Therapy Indications body

  • Supportive:

  • Supplemental:


Types of medicines
Types of Medicines body

OTC: (Over the counter)

Alternative Remedies:

Prescription Rx

Prescription controlled substance:


Side effects vs adverse effects
Side Effects vs Adverse Effects body

  • A Side Effect:



Adverse effect
Adverse Effect body

  • Adverse effect:



Drug interactions
Drug Interactions body

Potentiate: (works better)

Negate:

Synergistic:


Rights of assisting with medication
Rights of assisting with medication body

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right

  • Right


Information on a prescription label
Information on a Prescription Label body

  • Pharmacy name

  • File number

  • Client’s name

  • DIN (drug identification number from manufacture)

  • Drug name, dose, frequency, route

  • Number of refills

  • Physician’s name

  • Expiration date

  • Date filled


Metro pharmacy 905 823 4900 tues april 14 2009 refills 0
Metro Pharmacy 905-823-4900 Tues. April 14, 2009 body Refills: 0

  • Farquharson, Taylor

  • Clarithromycin 250mg

  • Brand: Apo-Clarithromycin 250mg

  • 20 Tabs APX

  • Tab 1 BID ac meals

  • Dr. Wahba , Rasha

  • This medicine may be taken with or without food

  • Important: Finish all this medication unless otherwise directed by Prescriber


Assignment please hand in

Find a prescription medication body

List the following information

Indication

Absorption

Distribution (Dosing schedule)

Warnings

Possible S/E or Adverse effects

Instructions

Assignment: Please hand in


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