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Analysing Performance. Officials. What are we looking for?. Consistency Decisiveness Self-control. Consistency. Knowledge of rules & Application What can influence an official? Spectators, pressure from performers, feelings of empathy,

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what are we looking for
What are we looking for?
  • Consistency
  • Decisiveness
  • Self-control
  • Knowledge of rules & Application

What can influence an official?

  • Spectators,
  • pressure from performers,
  • feelings of empathy,
  • overlooking transgressions from the side that is losing

Application of Rules: = balanced with good working knowledge ‘feel’ for the competition

  • Confidence & trust
  • Quick decisions
  • Stick to them
  • Show your in control
  • Message of trust
  • Demo – A positive mental image
  • Reinforce/persuade
self control
  • Dealing with emotions
  • Do not take comments & accusations personally
  • Demo calmness & authority
  • For 3 sports give examples of how an official can demonstrate the 3 qualities
  • E.g. A football referee will play advantage when a poor tackle has been made but the ball has gone on creating a goal opportunity.
  • When a poor tackle has been made the ref will blow their whistle, move to the spot of the incident and award the free kick and yellow card.
  • If players/managers protest, they will not get into a heated conversation and will just justify their decision
skills required to officiate
Skills required to officiate

In-depth knowledge of the rules

Excellent communication skills

Awareness & control of anxiety

Ability to monitor & control body language

Enhanced motivation, confidence & concentration

Ability to visualise

People management skills

Ability to read players & ‘feel’ the game

Ability to anticipate

Mental toughness

  • Participators can have powerful Reponses
  • Need to be able to identify acceptable & unacceptable confrontation
  • Be aware of the penalties for your sport and apply them
  • When dealing with conflict ask yourself:
  • Could this have been avoided & if so how?
  • What is the most appropriate action to take?
  • Do I have any alternative options?
  • How would I resolve the situation is it re-occured?
abuse pressure
Abuse & pressure
  • This can be extensive
  • Put people off the job/role
  • Remember players & managers are in heighted state of arousal – may act out of character
  • A good official will have a strategy for various situations
  • Plan what you would say & do
  • You must remain calm & in control
  • Poor emotional control will lead to poor decisions – which would make the situation worse
application of the rules
Application of the Rules
  • This is how you interpret and apply the rules
  • You need to understand the purpose of the rule
  • Good positioning is essential
  • Try to maintain credibility (keep up with action, quick decisions)
  • Knowing when not to interfere
control of the game
Control of the Game
  • Maintaining self control
  • Be aware of players behaviour/mood
  • Be in charge
  • Communicate decisions clearly
  • Have planned actions/strategies for coping
scoring systems
Scoring Systems
  • Rule on a score
  • Record scores
  • Some require that score to be confirmed by another official
  • Various systems, written, electronic...depends on the sport
  • For every sport there will be prerequisites
  • Rules & regs will be written outlining the required actions
  • Inc:
  • Pre-match checks on facilities, equipment & performers
  • Risk assessments and determination of action to be taken
  • Must be aware of guidelines and general practices (children & vulnerable people)
  • These form part of effective communication
  • Used for players/performers
  • Co-officials
  • Vary from one sport to another
  • Allows improvements to be made from one event to the next
  • Formative – provide corrective advice & guidance, assists improvement
  • Summative – A judgement, measured against a specification (NGB)
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Players/managers
  • Other officials (peers/mentors)
  • Self
  • Match report
evaluating performance
Evaluating performance?

Possible measures?

  • Knowledge of rules
  • The governing bodies rules for officials
  • An understanding of the spirit of the game
  • The ability to recognise tactics and techniques in a variety of situations from a performer’s viewpoint
  • The ability to work well with co-officials
  • The ability to remain focussed and concentrate
analysing performance1
Analysing Performance
  • Actual Behaviour vs perfect Behaviour

How can you change/develop the behaviour?

Action plan to make the change

  • There is no one correct or more accurate method
  • Best to select the one that provides you the most useful information

Analyse the behaviour

  • Compare behaviour with desired behaviour
  • Determine how to modify/develop behaviour
  • Action plan to change that behaviour
  • Implement the plan
diary log
  • Usually used for self analysis (can use notes, flow charts) – good over a period of time
  • You need to write it asap after the event
  • Write what happened first then begin to analyse
  • +ve first
  • Describe –ve and say how you might change it
  • How could you improve?
critical analysis self reflection
Critical analysis & Self-reflection
  • This is thinking back to situations or incidents,
  • You can identify what you did well and why it was a +ve thing
  • Identify things you don’t like and plan a way of avoiding a repeat
  • When discussing with another you are able to generate an action plan (problem solve)
  • By videoing your performance you can then watch it back and see how you did in the eyes of others.
  • You don’t need to remember everything
  • You can watch things in slow motion
  • You can make notes
  • This is a list of things you want to see (perfect model)
  • It can be based on specific skills/qualities
  • You grade them as good, excellent, in need of development etc
  • This should be quick and easy to use
peer observation
Peer observation
  • This is collecting information off other people who have more experience
  • Vicarious learning (copy)
  • Trial and error of others methods
  • Having feedback on how you have done and ways to improve
  • You may describe situations and ask how they would react
  • Affiliation with governing body – receive info on rule changes etc
  • NGB qualification
  • Introduce you to peers
  • Allow you to officiate in your sport – gaining experience
  • Insurance/point of contact for assistance
message boards chat rooms
Message boards/chat rooms
  • A method to communicate with other officials
  • Wont always be reliable
  • May be abused
  • You can discuss issues relating to rules and the interpretation of rules
  • Good source for finding out where you can get specialist equipment from
assignment 2
Assignment 2
  • Task 1
  • You need to create a observation checklist to analyse the performance of 2 officials in your chosen sport. Include an evaluation section
  • Link to roles & responsibilities (assignment 1 task 2)