SSUSH8 The student will explain the relationship between growing north-south divisions and westward expansion.
SSUSH9 The student will identify key events, issues, and individuals relating to the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War.
Slave in Virginia Preacher who believed he was chosen to lead his people out of bondage Turner w/ 80 followers attacked 4 plantations killing 60 whites before being captured Tried, convicted and hanged Nat Turner’s Rebellion: August 1831
What were the effects of the rebellion? • 200 blacks—many innocent—were killed • Tougher laws made to strengthen slavery and plantation owner rts. • Many plantations outlawed the teaching of reading and writing to slaves
Abolitionists to Know William Lloyd Garrison • White Newspaper editor • The Liberator • 1831 wrote expressing the need for immediate emancipation • Many white supported him • Many hated him
Frederick Douglass • Born into slavery • Taught to read by the wife his plantation owner • Escaped to NY approx. 1838 • Reader of The Liberator • 1847 began his own newspaper The North Star • Also supported the women’s rts movement
Sarah and Angelina Grimke (Grimke Sisters) • Daughters of SC slaveholder • An Appeal to Christian Women of the South
HarrietBeecherStowe(1811 – 1896) So this is the lady who started the Civil War. -- Abraham Lincoln
Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 • Sold 300,000 copies inthe first year. • 2 million in a decade!
1852 Presidential Election √Franklin Pierce Gen. Winfield Scott John Parker Hale Democrat Whig Free Soil
“Bleeding Kansas”was a term used by Horace Greeley of the New York Tribune to describe the violent hostilities between pro and antislavery forces in the Kansas territory during the mid and late 1850s. • Under the terms of the act, two territories were to be formed, Kansas and Nebraska. One would presumably become a slave state and the other a free state. • Popular sovereignty would prevail and it was assumed that slave-owning Southerners would occupy Kansas and make it a slave state, while free state advocates would settle Nebraska. Things worked out as anticipated in Nebraska, but not in Kansas. • Bleeding Kansas =A battlefield
“Bleeding Kansas” Border “Ruffians”(pro-slavery Missourians)
“The Crime Against Kansas” Pg. 317 Write a brief explanation of what happened between these two men. Sen. Charles Sumner(R-MA) Congr. Preston Brooks(D-SC)
Who is the dominate man in the picture? Why is he important? What else do you see in the picture? Preview
John Brown: Madman, Hero or Martyr? Mural in the Kansas Capitol buildingby John Steuart Curry (20c)
John Brown • Involved in uprising in Kansas; 200 dead • Moved efforts to Virginia • Received $ from N. abolitionists to lead a raid at Harper’s Ferry Virginia • Oct. 16, 1859 lead 21 men, black & white • Goal : seize the federal arsenal and give the weapons to slaves in the area thus starting an uprising
Problems with the raid • Never told slaves in the surrounding area his plan so none showed to support him • Possible suicide mission; food for only one day Outcome • Brown’s raiders were captured or killed • Brown was captured (Col. Robert E. Lee) and tried for treason & hanged
1856 Presidential Election √James Buchanan John C. Frémont Millard Fillmore Democrat Republican Whig
Slave from Missouri Owner had taken him to Illinois for 4 yrs. Claimed he should be allowed to be free after owner's death Chief Justice Roger B. Taney Slaves were not citizen wh/ = no rts. Missouri compromise unconstitutional Congress cannot take away a persons’ rt to own property Dred Scott v. Sanford, 1857 Pg. 325
1860PresidentialElection √Abraham LincolnRepublican John BellConstitutional Union Stephen A. DouglasNorthern Democrat John C. BreckinridgeSouthern Democrat
Lincoln faces immediate crisis • Lincoln symbolized a loss of Southern voice • Organized into a Confederacy • Elected Jefferson Davis President • Alexander Stephens VP • Organized military and began to take over federal installations ie. Post offices, courthouses, and FORTS • Fort Sumter, Charleston, SC
Lincoln decides not to engage in war • Send food to the troops but not to surrender the fort • Jefferson Davis now had to decide what to do • He chose war • April 12, 1861 • Union surrendered; war began