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Arab Springs and Transitions : a new perspective on the euro-med partnership. The issue of security: in food , labour and energy Prof Maurizio Caserta Department of Economics and Management University of Catania.
The issueof security: in food, labour and energy
Prof Maurizio Caserta
DepartmentofEconomics and Management
Whatscenariosfor the Euro-Mediterranean in 2030 in the wakeof the Arabspring?
RymAyadi and Carlo Sessa, MEDPRO Policy Paper No. 2 / October 2011 (Updated 25 February 2013)
Christian Koch, Europe’s world, summer 2011
International Energy agency
Accepted wisdom has it that individuals - wherever they live or however they are – are entitled to a decent life: this means that they should have access to fundamental resources.
It is therefore up to modern institutions to secure all the necessary conditions for achieving such a result: a decent life for everybody whether they are close or distant
Thus security in the provision of fundamental resources is coessential with the notion of basic human rights: legal systems should be devised in such a way as to make such a provision a reality to as many individuals as possible
From shelter, sanitation and food to education, employment and freedomSecurity as right toaccess
Security is costly: if access to resources were free, no economic problem existed. Thus the issue of security is coessential with the fundamental economic question: how to provide goods and services to everybody
To the fundamental economic question, the issue of security adds the quest to reliability and stability in the provision of those goods and services
A further economic question therefore arises as to the necessary resources to secure reliability and stability: such attributes call for specific resources which may not always be available
Institutions therefore need to be designed in such a way as to make those specific resources readily availableSecurity as reliable and stable access
The Union for the Mediterranean promotes economic integration and democratic reform across 16 neighbours to the EU’s south in North Africa and the Middle East
Projects address areas such as economy, environment, energy, health, migration and culture
The Union for the Mediterranean has a number of key initiatives on its agenda which are somehow related to security in the provision of fundamental goods and services
Whenall people at alltimeshaveaccesstosufficient, safe, nutritiousfoodtomaintain a healthy and active life”.(The World Food Summit of1996)
Commonly, the conceptoffood security isdefinedasincludingbothphysical and economicaccesstofoodthatmeets people'sdietaryneedsaswellastheirfoodpreferences.
Foodsecurity isbuilt on threepillars:
Social security systems provide for basic income in cases of unemployment, illness and injury, old age and retirement, invalidity, family responsibilities such as pregnancy and childcare, and loss of the family breadwinner
Labour security implies safety and health at work: implementation of procedures for preventing accidents at work, industrial diseases, and general and sexual harassment
Itrefersto the uninterruptedavailabilityofenergysources at anaffordableprice
Energy security hastwofundamentalaspects:
Market integration and trade
Financial and investmentcooperation
Grants and aid
Cultural and politicalcooperation