How to teach community orientation in primary care
1 / 13


  • Uploaded on

HOW TO TEACH COMMUNITY ORIENTATION IN PRIMARY CARE. Group B. Bled, 2006. CONTENT. Aims of the teaching module Teaching content Learning objectives – two examples Target audience and methods Faculty Case vignettes. Aims of the teaching module. To improve effectiveness of our work

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


  • Aims of the teaching module

  • Teaching content

  • Learning objectives – two examples

  • Target audience and methods

  • Faculty

  • Case vignettes

Aims of the teaching module
Aims of the teaching module

  • To improve effectiveness of our work

  • To learn how to set priorities

  • To recognise needs and resources of the community

  • To identify lack of resources or health problems

  • To develop strategies

  • To find ways to implement strategies

Teaching content
Teaching content

  • How to make a community diagnosis

    • socio – demographic data

    • prevalence of problems

    • social context

    • biological markers (genetic predisposition)

    • community resources

    • unmet needs

  • How to obtain relevant data

Teaching content cont
Teaching content – cont.

  • Needs assessment

    • Health care system and legal requirements

  • Different criteria for setting priorities

  • Overview of possible interventions

  • Implementation of community oriented activities

  • Assessment and evaluation of CO interventions

Learning objectives
Learning objectives

1. Community diagnosis

- to define the main items of a CD

- to present a short report (1000 words) of a community overview

- to value and apply the results of a CD as a tool in the daily practice

Learning objectives1
Learning objectives

7. Assessment and evaluation of an intervention

- to explain the importance of assessment and evaluation in relation to interventions

- to find the criteria relevant for assessment and evaluation

- to summarize concrete conclusions of evaluation results

How to teach community orientation in primary care

Target audience and methods

S lest – short lecture C diagn – community diagnosis

SG – small groups Data – data collection

Role – role play HNA – health needs assessment

Field – field work Prior – setting priorities

Field work Interv - interventions

Self st self study Ev/ass – evaluation/assessment

Case – case study FG – focus groups

WS – workshops

POL – problem oriented learning

BME – basic medical education

VT – vocational training

CPD continuing professional development

Case vignette 1
Case vignette 1

A former employee of the Health Center calls the GP and tells that her 99y old mother is living under terrible and dangerous conditions and insists to send her to a nursing home.

During the home visit the GP sees that the old lady is living in a dirty apartment with her 53y old grandson who is an alcoholic. The neighbours are feeling endangered.

The GP also finds out that they are helping each other and are depending on each other; both refuse the offered help and further GP’s visits.

Case vignette 1 questions
Case vignette 1 – Questions

  • Should the old lady be sentto the nursing home?

  • Which members of the community and the primary care team should be involved to handle this situation?

  • Consider:

    • Ethical aspects

    • Medical aspects

    • Community aspects

    • Legal aspects

Case vignette 2
Case vignette 2

Within 1 week, 10 patients presented at the GP with pruritus, which was unusual in frequency.

Referral to the dermatologist didn’t yield any diagnosis.

More patients from the same area presented with the same problem.

A common aetiology was suspected.

How to teach community orientation in primary care

Marija Petek-Šter

Tadeja Čerin

Mirjam Zemljak

Davorina Petek

Irena Vatovec-Progar

Vlasta Vodopivec-Jamšek

Tamara Fras Stefan

Manfred Maier

Ana Mateus

Kornel Hintalan

Grzegorz Margas

Carlos Martins

Valentina Moldovan

Snežana Janković