slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Confucianism PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 29

Confucianism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Confucianism. 5 Principle Relationships. 1. Ruler. Subject. 2. Father. Son. 3. Husband. Wife. 4. Older Brother. Younger Brother. 5. Older Friend. Younger Friend. Organizing Principles. Status Age Gender. Social Cohesion is Paramount!.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Confucianism' - necia

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

5 Principle Relationships



2. Father


3. Husband


4. Older Brother


5. Older Friend



Organizing Principles

  • Status
  • Age
  • Gender

Social Cohesion is Paramount!

  • The emperor is the example of proper behavior --> “big daddy”
  • Social relationships are based on “rites” or “rituals.”
  • Even religious rituals are important for SOCIAL, not religious reasons, acc. to Confucius.

Major Legalist Principles

1. Human nature is naturally selfish.

2. Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged.

3. Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality.

4. The ruler must rule with a strong, punishing hand.

5. War is the means of strengthening a ruler’s power.



One who favors the principle that individuals should obey a powerful authority rather than exercise individual freedom.

The ruler, therefore, “cracks his whip” on the backs of his subjects!


The "Dao" [Tao]

Toescape the “social, political, & cultural traps” of life, one must escape by:

1. Rejecting formal knowledge and learning.

2. Relying on the senses and instincts.

3. Discovering the nature and “rhythm” of the universe.

4. Ignoring political and social laws.


The Universe of Opposites:

Find the Balance!


  • Masculine
  • Active
  • Light
  • Warmth
  • Strong
  • Heaven; Sun
  • Feminine
  • Passive
  • Darkness
  • Cold
  • Weak
  • Earth; Moon


daoism star wars

The Way or Dao





The Force

Sith & Darth Vader

Jedi & Luke Skywalker

Using the force to move objects


Daoism & Star Wars

The Uniqueness of Daoism

How is a man to live in a world dominated by chaos, suffering, and absurdity??

Confucianism--> Moral order in society.

Legalism--> Rule by harsh law & order.

Daoism--> Freedom for individuals and less govt. to avoid uniformity and conformity.


A new dynasty comes to power.

The emperorreforms the govt.& makes it moreefficient.

Start here

Emperor isdefeated !!

Lives of common people improved;taxes reduced;farming encouraged.


Rebel bands findstrong leader whounites them.Attack the emperor.

Problems begin(extensive wars,invasions, etc.)

Poor loserespect for govt.They join rebels& attack landlords.

Taxes increase;men forced towork for army.Farming neglected.

Droughts,floods,famines occur.

Govt. increasesspending; corruption.


During the Qin dynasty, Legalism was

the official philosophy of China.


It is important to remember that during the

Han dynasty, a scholar had to pass a test

on Chinese history and Confucianism to

work in the government.

the origins of imperial china 221 b c e 220 c e
The Origins of Imperial China, 221 b.c.e.–220 c.e.
  • China is a large region marked by significant ecological, topographical, biological, and climatic diversity.
  • The two most important resources that supported the imperial Chinese state were agricultural production and labor
  • Agricultural production in China was intensive and was taxed by the government.
Qin and the Han governments exploited the labor power of rural China by demanding that peasant families supply men for labor and for service in the military
  • A periodic census and regularly updated records of land and households enabled officials to collect the proper amount of taxes, labor service, and military service.
chinese family
Chinese Family
  • The family was the basic unity of society
  • The family was conceived of as an unbroken chain of generations including the ancestors as well as the current generations
  • Ancestors were thought to take an active interest in the affairs of the current generation, and they were routinely consulted, appeased, and venerated.
  • According to the ideals of the upper classes, women were to cook, take care of household chores, respect their parents-in-law, and obey their husbands
  • Lower-class women may have been less constrained. Marriages were arranged, and a new wife had to prove herself to her husband and to her mother-in-law through hard work, obedience, devotion, and by bearing sons.
the first chinese empire 221 201 b c e
The First Chinese Empire, 221 – 201 b.c.e.
  • After the Warring States Period (480–221 b.c.e.), the state of Qin united China.
  • Factors that enabled Qin to accomplish reunification may include:
  • The ability and ruthlessness of the Qin ruler, Shi Huangdi and his prime minister, Li Si
  • Qin’s location in the Wei valley with its predominantly rural population of independent farming households
  • Qin’s experience in mobilizing manpower for irrigation and flood-control projects, which had strengthened the central government
qin government
Qin Government
  • Suppressed Confucianism
  • Eliminated rival centers of authority
  • Abolished primogeniture and slavery
  • Constructed a rural economy of free land-owning/tax-paying farmers
  • They standardized weights and measures
  • Knit the empire together with roads
  • Defended it with a long wall
qin emperor shi huangdi standardizes all possible
Qin Emperor Shi Huangdi standardizes all possible:
  • The Great Wall
  • Weights & measures
  • Laws
  • Money
  • Thought
qin mistakes
Qin Mistakes
  • Burned books
  • Destroyed major fortifications of the states
  • Assassinated powerful leaders & scholars
  • Collected arms of the empire & melted arrowheads & spears to make 12 statues
  • Failed to rule with humanity—lost the Mandate of Heaven
The oppressive nature of the Qin regime and its exorbitant demands for taxes and labor led to a number of popular rebellions that overthrew the dynasty after the death of Shi Huangdi in 210 b.c.e.