Mesopotamia. Aim: Why is Mesopotamia considered the birthplace of civilization?. Vocabulary. Mesopotamia = the land between 2 rivers Ziggurat = the religious temple used for worship Polytheistic = the belief in more than one God
Aim: Why is Mesopotamia considered the birthplace of civilization?
Mesopotamia = the land between 2 rivers
Ziggurat = the religious temple used for worship
Polytheistic = the belief in more than one God
Cuneiform = the first form of writing system, developed by the Sumerians
Mesopotamia is often referred to as the birthplace of one of the greatest civilizations in human history
It is now the country of Iraq
Barrier to invaders
2. Akkadian Empire (2300BC– 2100BC)
3. Babylon (1900 BC – 500 BC)
1. Sumer (4500BC – 2300BC)
Mesopotamia was made up of 12 city-states
Buildings were made out of sun-baked mud bricks
In the center of each city-state was a temple called a “ziggurat”
Each city-state was surrounded by a protective city wall
Each Mesopotamian city-state had its own government
The leader of each city-state was a king
Different government officials worked for the king and were in charge of things like overseeing taxes, irrigation of farmland, and the building/maintenance of public buildings
If any one breaks into a house to steal, he shall be put to death and buried in front of that house.
If a son hits his father, his hands shall be cut off.
If a man breaks another man's bone, his bone shall be broken.
If a man knocks out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out.
If a builder of a house does not construct it properly, and the house which he built falls in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death.
Mesopotamians were POLYTHEISTIC (they believed in many gods)
They worshiped these gods in temples called “ziggurats”
They kept their gods happy through ceremonies and offerings of food and other valuable objects
Like the rivers, they thought gods were hostile and unpredictable
NEGATIVE view of the afterlife – they believed in an “underworld” full of suffering, dust and thirst
Popular jobs in Mesopotamia included:
4 social classes:
1. Priests and Royalty (Kings)
2. Wealthy Merchants
3. Ordinary Workers
Men and women were not equal:
- Women were allowed to own property and join the lower ranks of the priesthood
- Women were not allowed to attend school or learn how to read and write
Sumerians developed one of the first writing systems: CUNEIFORM
The Sumerians and their star charts gave us the 12 signs of the zodaic!
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