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Introduction The Global Centre for Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing James Byrne, Professor, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice Director, Global Centre for Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing (GCECS) at Griffith University.
IntroductionThe Global Centre for Evidence-based Corrections and SentencingJames Byrne, Professor, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice Director, Global Centre for Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing (GCECS) at Griffith University
Griffith University’s New Global Centre for Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing
Evidence-based reviews traditionally focus on evaluation research studies, focusing either on gold standard( RCT only) or bronze standard reviews--experimental and quasi-exp. Studies (level 3 up, with support from level 1,2)
The GCECS model for conducting evidence-based reviews broadens the scope of inquiry to include personal narratives, life-course and desistance research, and research on the community context of change.
Key Dimensions of Community:
Community Attitudes: toward crime , police, courts, corrections, and offenders; Neighbourhood-level
Community Tolerance: community values, collective efficacy
Community Structure: age composition, employment, housing stock, residential/commercial mix, crime rate
Community Support/ Resources: availability/quality of treatment for drug and alcohol problems, skills training, housing support, education, jobs
The client in corrections is not just the offender under correctional control; it is also the public
However, the public is not the general public.
It is the residents of high risk communities where most offenders reside before and after they become involved in the corrections system.
We need to measure the success of corrections both in terms of individual offender change and in targeted community change.
Moral Cynicism among residents
Increased Opportunities for crime and deviance
Increased Motivation to deviate
Diminished Social Control
Recent research highlights the impact of community risk level on individual offender recidivism.
Based on this research, new strategies are being developed targeting not only high risk offenders but also high risk communities.
Unfortunately, we currently appear to know little about the impact of various community change strategies.
Conduct research that examines the community context of adult and juvenile corrections and sentencing
Develop evidence-based policy and practice initiatives that emphasize the need for both individual and community change
Move from individual level to community level engagement strategies