The Role of Universities. Amit Khera MS-1 University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Adapted from presentation by Hillary Freudenthal & Sam Chaifetz. The “Access Gap”. WHO 2004. Why focus our attention and energies on universities’ tech transfer policies?.
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Adapted from presentation by Hillary Freudenthal & Sam Chaifetz
Why focus our attention and energies on universities’ tech transfer policies?
First: How does university tech transfer work?
Then: How should it work? How can it be changed?
Over the last decade, nearly 60% of academic R&D was funded by the federal government, while industry supplied 6%
University of Pennsylvania, 2004
For much of the 20th century, universities rarely patented their research output
Rai & Eisenberg 2003
Growth in Patenting
(faster than other patenting in the United States)Surge in Licensing ActivityIncrease in Royalties from Licensing
Despite increasing commercialization, TTOs – overall – aren’t making a lot of money!
“The dirty secret is that for many universities—perhaps most—they are not breaking even, much less making money on the proposition.”Johns Hopkins President William Brody
“EMERGENCY PATENT RELIEF”
For South Africa
Gilead pays Emory $525 Million for royalty interests for emtricitabine