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International Conference on the Millennium Development Goals Statistics (ICMDGS) Manila, Phillipines Octopber 1-3, 2007. Statistical Problems for Monitoring of the Millennium Development Goals in Nepal Rabi Prasad Kayastha Deputy Director Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal. Outlines.

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International Conference on the Millennium Development Goals Statistics (ICMDGS)Manila, Phillipines Octopber 1-3, 2007

Statistical Problems for Monitoring of the Millennium Development Goals in Nepal

Rabi Prasad Kayastha

Deputy Director

Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal


Outlines
Outlines Statistics (ICMDGS)

  • Statistical System in Nepal

  • Brief review of MDGs status

  • Statistical Problems

  • Efforts towards minimizing problems


Statistical system in nepal
Statistical system in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)

  • Statistical Act, 1958

  • Central Bureau of Statistics, nodal agency

  • Centralized statistical system

  • Data collected by other agencies shall have to be coordinated, standardized and authenticated by CBS

  • CBS provides technical support to other agencies.


Statistical system in nepal status of cbs
Statistical system in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)Status of CBS

  • Under National Planning Commission Secretariat

  • Head office at Kathmandu

  • 33 field based Branch Statistical Offices covering all 75 districts

  • Conduct Censuses and Surveys

  • Estimates National Accouts.


Statistical system in nepal censuses and surveys conducted by cbs
Statistical system in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)Censuses and Surveys conducted by CBS

Periodic and regular Censuses and Surveys:

  • Decennial Population Censuses

  • Decennial Agriculture Censuses

  • Manufacturing Establishment Censuses

  • Crops and Livestock Survey

  • Nepal Living Standards Survey


Statistical system in nepal censuses and surveys conducted by cbs1
Statistical system in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)Censuses and Surveys conducted by CBS

Ad hoc surveys

  • Nepal Labor Force Survey

  • Nepal Multiple Indicators Surveillance

  • Multiple Indicator cluster Survey

  • Hard Drug Users Survey

  • ........many others


Statistical system in nepal estimates works performed by cbs
Statistical system in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)Estimates works performed by CBS

  • National Accounts

  • Price Index

  • Small Area Estimates (Poverty Mapping)

  • Population Projection

    Socio-economic database:

  • NepalInfo CD


Statistical system in nepal decentralized practices
Statistical system in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)Decentralized practices

  • Growing development activities demands various statistics

  • CBS unable to meet growing demands

  • Concern ministries and departments expand activities in statistics field.

  • Decentralized starts in statistics


Brief review of mdgs status in nepal
Brief review of MDGs status in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)

  • Two country progress reports - 2002 & 2005

  • Reports deals with status, trends, supportive environment, challenges, and recommendations.

  • CBS was involved as data provider


Brief review of mdgs status in nepal1
Brief review of MDGs status in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)

  • Out of 48 globally set indicators, 10 from goal 8 are not country specific to Nepal

    Indicators: 33, 34, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 & 43

  • Data on 4 indicators are currently not available

    Indicators: 18, 20, 22 & 32


Brief review of mdgs status in nepal related cbs publications
Brief review of MDGs status in Nepal Statistics (ICMDGS)Related CBS publications

  • Nepal Info - database CD contained 34 MDGs related indicators

  • MDG Indicators of Nepal: 1990/91/2004/05 - a small booklet

    contains data on 34 indicators

    time series data for years 1990/91,1995/96, 2000/01, 2003/04 & 2005/06


Statistical problems for monitoring mdgs
Statistical Problems for Monitoring MDGs Statistics (ICMDGS)

  • Data gaps

  • Duplication in data collection

  • Comparability

  • Reliability of the estimates


Statistical problems for monitoring mdgs data gaps
Statistical Problems for Monitoring MDGs Statistics (ICMDGS)Data Gaps

  • Lack of benchmark data

  • Very weak database

  • No regular flow of data

  • No systematic compilation of administrative data


Statistical problems for monitoring mdgs duplication in data collection
Statistical Problems for Monitoring MDGs Statistics (ICMDGS)Duplication in data collection

  • Decentralized Practices

  • Concern ministries, departments, organizations collect data

  • Wastage resources and time


Statistical problems for monitoring mdgs comparability problem
Statistical Problems for Monitoring MDGs Statistics (ICMDGS)Comparability problem

  • Differences in definition of terminology used

  • Differences in methodology used

  • Differences in reference time


Statistical problems for monitoring mdgs reliability of the estimates
Statistical Problems for Monitoring MDGs Statistics (ICMDGS)Reliability of the estimates

  • Methodological differences

  • Problem with source data used for estimates


Statistical problems for monitoring mdgs major causes of the problem
Statistical Problems for Monitoring MDGs Statistics (ICMDGS)Major causes of the problem

  • Statistics is not a priority subject

  • Low status of Central Bureau of Statistics

  • Lack of coordination

  • Lack of statistical plan

  • Lack of official statistical training institute

  • Lack of statistical manpower in different data producing organizations

  • Lack of dissemination mechanism

  • Lack of applicable Statistical Act in current situation


Efforts towards minimizing problems
Efforts towards minimizing problems Statistics (ICMDGS)

  • Consolidated National Statistical Plan (CNSP)

  • Strengthening CBS as National Statistical Organization (NSO)

  • Strong National Statistical Council (as proposed in CNSP); objectives are:

    Develop integrated statistical system

    Coordinate with different data producing agencies

    Develop standardized statistical system


Efforts towards minimizing problems1
Efforts towards minimizing problems Statistics (ICMDGS)

  • Use of statistical techniques for estimating sub-national groups considering gender, rural-urban, etc.

  • Small Area Estimate (Poverty Mapping) is used to estimate poverty indicators at district and sub-district level.

  • Small Area Estimate: National Population Census 2001 and Nepal Living Standard Survey 2003/04 data


Efforts towards minimizing problems2
Efforts towards minimizing problems Statistics (ICMDGS)

  • collect indicator from different surveys that applicable to monitors MDGs

  • Nepal Labor Force Survey 2007/08 will collect some MDGs related indicators without hampering survey's main objectives.


Thank you

Thank You Statistics (ICMDGS)


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