Introduction: Paradigm Shift. Crisis of Modern Architecture: Modernist Mechanism Victor Hugo: The Printing Press Killed Architecture. Introduction: Rationalist Attitude.
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Crisis of Modern Architecture: Modernist Mechanism
Victor Hugo: The Printing Press Killed Architecture
Scientific Revolution (16th -17th centuries) and Industrial Revolutions (18th and 19th centuries): Fig. 1: Watt’s Steam Engine. Fig 2: Boullee; Cenotaph to Newton
Durand: EcolePolytechnique; Rationalization of design; Grid
Modern Classicism: First use of Reinforced Concrete
Le Corb: House is Machine for Living
Wright & Mendelson: Form Against Norm
Rogers and Cardinal: Organic & Hi-Tech
Modern Crisis: Identity?
Modern Dilemma: Mechanization, Can’t live with it and can’t live without it
New Materials: Pig Iron, Wrought Iron, Glass
Construction: Uniformity and standardization, Factory mass production, potential of printing press realized
Industrial Revolution: Urbanization
Artificial Materials & new Energies
New Building Types: Crisis of Form with new materials
Engineers: Authentic Form; Rationalism and analysis, Applied Science
Paxton: Crystal Palace; Mass produced components and the Rationalization of construction techniques
First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & FranceLondon King’s Cross Stations: Urbanization; Centre-Margin organization-SuburbsParis Stations: Neoclassical?
First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & FranceEclecticism: Architectural Style & Identity?Industrial Expositions: Solution of Engineered Form