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Introduction: Paradigm Shift. Crisis of Modern Architecture: Modernist Mechanism Victor Hugo: The Printing Press Killed Architecture. Introduction: Rationalist Attitude.

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Introduction paradigm shift
Introduction: Paradigm Shift

Crisis of Modern Architecture: Modernist Mechanism

Victor Hugo: The Printing Press Killed Architecture


Introduction rationalist attitude
Introduction: Rationalist Attitude

Scientific Revolution (16th -17th centuries) and Industrial Revolutions (18th and 19th centuries): Fig. 1: Watt’s Steam Engine. Fig 2: Boullee; Cenotaph to Newton


Introduction analysis
Introduction: Analysis

Durand: EcolePolytechnique; Rationalization of design; Grid


Introduction architecture as machine functionalism and structuralism
Introduction: Architecture. As MachineFunctionalism and Structuralism

Modern Classicism: First use of Reinforced Concrete

Le Corb: House is Machine for Living


Introduction postmodern holistic architecture responsive contextual forms
Introduction: Postmodern Holistic ArchitectureResponsive Contextual Forms

Wright & Mendelson: Form Against Norm

Rogers and Cardinal: Organic & Hi-Tech


Introduction identity crisis
Introduction: Identity Crisis

Modern Crisis: Identity?

Modern Dilemma: Mechanization, Can’t live with it and can’t live without it


First and second industrial revolutions england france
First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & France

New Materials: Pig Iron, Wrought Iron, Glass

Construction: Uniformity and standardization, Factory mass production, potential of printing press realized


First and second industrial revolutions england france1
First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & France

Industrial Revolution: Urbanization

Artificial Materials & new Energies


First and second industrial revolutions england france2
First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & France

New Building Types: Crisis of Form with new materials


First and second industrial revolutions england france3
First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & France

Engineers: Authentic Form; Rationalism and analysis, Applied Science

Paxton: Crystal Palace; Mass produced components and the Rationalization of construction techniques


Introduction paradigm shift

First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & FranceLondon King’s Cross Stations: Urbanization; Centre-Margin organization-SuburbsParis Stations: Neoclassical?


Introduction paradigm shift

First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & FranceEclecticism: Architectural Style & Identity?Industrial Expositions: Solution of Engineered Form


Introduction paradigm shift
First and Second Industrial Revolutions: England & FranceUrban Paradigm : Rail Metropolis/ Industrial City