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Guidelines to conducting research. Pages 255-261. Ethics in psychological research. Ethics are moral principals and standards that we all must follow when we conduct research. Why do we need ethics??. Terms you need to know.

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ethics in psychological research
Ethics in psychological research
  • Ethics are moral principals and standards that we all must follow when we conduct research.

Why do we need ethics??

terms you need to know
Terms you need to know...
  • Researcher: the person who devised the study.
  • Research assistant: someone who is involved in the study. Usually gathers or collates the data.
  • Experimenter: the person who conducts the experiment
role and responsibility of the experimenter
Role and Responsibility of the Experimenter
  • Conduct themselves in a professional way
  • Maintaining the welfare of the research participants
  • Must be qualified to conduct the research and interpret the results.
  • The results are used in an appropriate manner and not for anything that wasn’t stated at the start. They can not cash in from the information they collect.
role of the ethics committee
Role of the ethics committee.
  • Once a study is designed it needs to be approved by the ethics committee.
  • Researcher needs to convince the committee that any potential discomfort to participants is outweighed by the benefits gained from the research (aka. beneficience)
  • Participants can contact the committee if they have any questions or feel that they were harmed in any way.
participants rights
Participants Rights..
  • Voluntary Participation
  • Informed Consent
  • Withdrawal Rights
  • Confidentiality
  • Physical and Psychological Wellbeing
  • Deception
  • Debriefing

Refer to handout for more information...


What happens when the experiments are on children who cant talk or don’t understand their rights?

  • Ie, Gibson’s visual cliff experiment.
little albert watson s classical conditioning experiment
Little AlbertWatson’s classical conditioning experiment.



What was wrong with Watson’s experiment????

how unethical
How unethical...
  • Albert was only eight months at the time of the first test. Because of his young age, the experiment today would be considered unethical by the American Psychological Association's ethic code.
  • By present-day standards, Watson's experiment was unethical for numerous reasons:
  • It is now measured immoral to evoke reactions of fear in humans under laboratory circumstances, except if the participant has given an informed approval to being purposely horrified as part of the experiment.
  • Experiments should not cause the human participants to suffer unnecessary distress or to be in any way physically harmed. The welfare of the human participants must always be the paramount consideration in any form of research, and this is especially true with specially protected groups such as children.
  • Albert's fear was not extinguished because he moved away before systematic desensitization could be administered.
  • Researchers today are required to obtain fully informed consent from participants or in the case of children, from their parents or guardians beforehand.
h omework
  • Activities

7.4 all questions

7.10 all questions