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The Structures and Purpose of Dance

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  1. The Structures and Purpose of Dance

  2. 1.1 What is dance? • Definition-dance is a method of expression, using the human body moving through space with varying amounts of force and time.

  3. Three Purposes of Dance • Artistic Dance– performed on a stage for an audience • Examples? • Recreational Dance– Dances performed in a social setting • Examples? • Ceremonial Dance– celebrating life events, religious rituals and other occasions reflecting cultures/traditions • Examples?

  4. Dance Movement • Movements – Actions made by the body • Locomotor Movements – Actions of the body that cover space • Examples? • Non-locomotorMovements – Actions of the body that do not cover space • Examples?

  5. 1.1 Dance Notes Quiz 1.What is the title of the chapter? 2.What is the title of this section? 3.Definition-dance is a method of ________________, using the human body moving through space with varying amounts of force and ______________. 4.List the three types of dance purpose. 5.Actions of the body that cover space are considered non-locomotor. T/F Write Locomotor/Non-locomotor? 6.Skipping 7.Jogging 8.Bending 9.Twisting 10.Jumping up and down

  6. 1.2 Dance Elements Force – The use of energy while moving. Space – The area covered by dance movements • Directions- Forward, backward, sideway, up, down, etc. • Level-low, medium or high • Pathways-circle, straight, zigzag • Shape –The design of the body as it exists in space. Time Tempo-How fast or slow Beat- even or uneven Duration- how long or short the movement

  7. 1.2 Dance NQ • What is the title of this section? • How many dance elements? • List the dance elements • List the elements under space • Directions include __________, backward, ___________, up, down, etc. • This element includes pathways • This element using tempo • Shape is the design of the body as it exists in space. T/F • Define-tempo • Beat is how long or short the movement is. T/F

  8. Force Activity 1 • Stand up and stick your index finger in the air • Using light, flowing and freeing movements. • Write your whole name in print • Write your whole name in cursive • Was this difficult? • Describe what it was like?

  9. Force Activity 2 • Making your elbow bound tight to body, unable to bend • Write your name in print • Write your name in cursive • How was this activity different from the first one?

  10. Force Activity 2 • Turn to a partner • Write a letter on their back have them guess the letter. • Write a number on their back have them guess the number • Switch • What force/energy did you have to use for them to figure out the letter/number? • Did you have to do it a couple of times?

  11. Force Activity 3 • With your partner • Act out yourself pushing a heavy object • Relax • Act out yourself pull a heavy object • Relax • Think about what kinds of force/energy you had to use to showcase both these movements?

  12. Space Activity • NO TALKING AT ALL!!! • Follow the leader • Using the elements of space • Shape, Pathways, Levels, Directions • Have people follow you from one side of the lobby to the other.

  13. Time Activity Group 1 Group 2 Beat 1- clap Beat 2- stomp right, stomp left Beat 3-slap right leg, slap left leg Beat 4- clap • Beat 1-stomp right foot • Beat 2-clap • Beat 3-stomp left foot • Beat 4 clap • We are going to create rhythms. Each person must have 4 beats. I will randomly pick people to show their beats and then put people together to form a rhythm.

  14. 1.3 Dance Forms • Call and Response • African, soloists performs with a second group answering • AB • Dance made up of two contrasting sections • ABA • Third part of dance is repeated • Narrative • Dance conveys a story line • Theme and Variation • Set of movements are repeated but with other movements added. • Rondo • Three or more themes where one is repeated…. ABACAD (A choreographer is a person who designs the movements of a dance.)

  15. 1.4 Dance Styles • Ballet-swan lake • French • Romantic time period • Recreational Court Dances • Five ballet positions • Tells a story • All forms of choreographed dance have Ballet roots • Traditional costumes, tights, ballet shoes • Weightlessness and graceful movements

  16. Jazz • Began in the “Roaring 20’s” • African American roots • The Charleston and the Varsity Drag • Costumes are tight fitting, stretchy material so not to hindered movement-relate to theme of dance • Stylized movements with an emphasis on isolation of body parts.

  17. Tap • Ceremonial dance, African roots, traditional Irish step dancing and English Clogging • Soloists or tap lines • Technical footwork, taps on hard surfaces like a stage to increase the sound of the tap • Costumes can be a range from tuxedos to street clothes • Tap shoes are leather with metal plates on the heels and toes • Tap legend-Bill “Bo Jangles” Robinson

  18. Modern Dance • 1920s • Rebellion from the stiff ballet style • choreography • no universal set of steps • improvisation • lets each choreographer have own unique style • very wide range of moves, steps • Martha Graham-pioneer of modern dance, made social and political statements.

  19. Traditional Swing Spiderman Swing • 1940s, WWII • Music from the “Big Band” era • Glen Miller Band • Costumes are from the time period, very formal, dresses and suits.

  20. Ballroom • Earliest forms the 16th century • Mostly known in the 20th century • Costumes are flowing dresses, while men are in form fitting outfits • Cha-Cha, Waltz, Tango, etc • Dancing with the Stars

  21. Hip-Hop /Break Dancing • 1980s, • Originated in the streets of New York City • Low movements, on the ground, popping and locking, tight movements • Costumes are usually loose fitting or street clothes

  22. Line Dancing • 1990s, Honky Tonk Stomp • Country/western clothing, cowboy boots • People would do certain movements together at the same time • Conga Line, Electric slide, Cha-cha Slide

  23. The Evolution of Dance • Using hit songs over the past decades and their dance moves.