Lord of the Dance and Realm of the Dance By John Anderson and Mark Hofmeyer and Edited By: Laura Pratt and Dr. Kay Picart
Shiva, the great Hindu god of destruction • Worshipped in ____ • Classically represented as Nataraja, Lord of the Dance
The basic vehicle of dance is the human body • What determines when and how people dance? • The story and history of dance greatly differs between religions and cultures.
Judaism and dance • From the beginning there has always been a right and wrong kind of dance. • Miriam, sister of Moses • King David • Wrong • Singing and dancing
Purity and Dance • The early Christians looked to keep their bodies sacred and pure because they anticipated the second coming.(41) • It was important to abstain from _____. • As Basileios the Great said: • Women who dance with lustful eyes and loud laughter tend to excite the lust of the youths.(44)
To Dance or not to Dance. • How did many Christian feel about dance?
Dance Mania hits Europe in 1374 • What happened during Europe in 1374?
Plato and Aristotle • Plato: ____________________________________________________________________ • Man Should know how to dance _________(40) • Disliked actors “Performers were not actually feeling what they pretended to feel” (40)
The Yoruba of West Africa • Where was this dance directed? • What does the dancing body merge?
Ceremonies designed to induce possession. • What is an oriki?
Egungun festivals • Who was honored? • What is essential to the masquerade?
India and its dancing • What place does the body have in religious worship in India? • What does Hinduism suggest about the two realms?
Bharata natyam and Kathakali • What is Bharata natyam? • What does it use? • What si the dancer trying to achieve?
How is all of this accomplished? • Arousing certain emotional states in the audience. • These are called ____. • How many fundamental Rasas are there? • What are they? • How many movements does the Natya Shastra enumerate?
Kathakali • What is Kathakali? • What do the performers concentrate on? • How long are performances? • How long are performers in the academy? • Workings of divinity are made manifest through the vehicle of the human body
What is a court? • Do they exist today?
From Asanti… • Asanti (pronounced Ah-shan-ti, yes like the pop singer). • “Asanthene’s proudest title is “master of the music and the drums,” or “master of the dance”(71) • “By rhythmic and tonal mimicry the drummer can carry on an elaborate dialogue with the dancer”(71)
…to Louis XIV • “Louis found a way to control the obstreperous mobility of France, by structuring his court quite literally around the dance floor”(73) • “to succeed at court, a man of ambition had to be as accomplished in dancing as he was in riding, fencing, and fine speech”(74)
Branle • “protocol governing social occasions was rigid” • Men lined up behind the king, women up behind the Queen, and the company circled the floor. • “The order was so strictly by rank that anyone observing knew immediately who stood above whom at court” (79)
Question? • Examples of similar dances today? • In an everyday persons social life?
Maintaining power structure with Dance • “two equilateral triangles within a circle signified supreme power”(75) • La Ballet de Nuit, Louis played Le Roi Soleil (the sun king) • “really playing Apollo, the Greek god who had passed into the allegorical conventions of Christian europe”(75)
Works Cited • Gerald Jonas, "Lord of the Dance," DPPM, pp. 36-69 • Gerald Jonas, "Dance of the Realm," DPPM, pp. 70-109