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University-Level eLearning in ASEAN and Thailand by. Prof.Dr.Srisakdi Charmonman CEO, College of Internet Distance Education Assumption University of Thailand. charm@ksc.au.edu. www.elearning.au.edu. University-Level eLearning in ASEAN and Thailand.

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university level elearning in asean and thailand by
University-LeveleLearning in ASEANand Thailandby

Prof.Dr.Srisakdi CharmonmanCEO,College of Internet Distance EducationAssumption University of Thailand

charm@ksc.au.edu

www.elearning.au.edu

slide2

University-Level eLearning in ASEAN and Thailand

1. Introduction2. Sloan Report from the US3. University-Level eLearning in ASEAN4. University-Level eLearning in Thailand5. Concluding Remarks

slide3

1. Introduction

  • “Online learning” = “eLearning”.
    • www.intelera.com/glossary.html
    • www.conferzone.com/resource/glossaryop.html
slide4

eLearning Fully Accredited

  • In 1999, Jones International University became the first virtual university (without classroom) in the US to be fully accredited based on the twelve matters specified by the US. Department of Education.
slide5

Employers prefer eLearning graduates

  • Survey in the US and Canada foundthat many employers prefer to hire graduates of eLearning degree more than graduates of classroom-based degree.
slide6

Employers prefer eLearning graduates (Cont.)

  • One explanation was that a graduate of eLearning degree is highly disciplined and can always work well, whereas a graduate of classroom-based degree may or may not be able to work well. Some graduates of classroom-based degree may be excellent but some others may be very poor.
slide7

Samples of Successful University-Level eLearning.

  • University of Phoenix, with about 140,000 students and made a net profit of about US$ 140 million in the year 2005.
  • CapellaUniversity, the first virtual university to enter NASDAQ stock market, raising US$ 70 million in pre-IPO funding and US$ 86 million in IPO.
slide8

Samples of Unsuccessful University-Level eLearning.

    • United Kingdom e-University (UKeU),
    • Established 2001 with 62 million Pound Sterling.
    • UKeU went live in March 2003 with Business Managers in 9 countries and 26 local partners in 16 countries.
    • In November 2003, 16 UK universitie
  • were offering courses via UKeU but with only 900 students.
    • Completely failed in 2005.
slide9

Samples of Unsuccessful University-Level eLearning (Cont).

  • Columbia University Fathom.com
  • Establishedwith US$ 14.9 million to offer eLearning from Columbia University and 13 other institutions.
  • In 2002, hoping to get 65,000 students from 52 countries.
  • In 2003, Columbia closed Fathom.com becauseit was a money-losing company.
slide10

ASEAN

  • In 1967, ASEAN was established in Bangkok with 5 member countries, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.
    • Brunei Darusalem joined in 1984
    • Vietnam in 1995
    • Laos and Myanmar in 1997
    • Cambodia in 1999
slide11

eASEAN Task Forceand eABC

  • In 1999, Prof. S. Charmonman became a memberof eASEAN Task Force
  • In 2004, he became Chairman of eASEAN Business Council (eABC).
slide12

TELMIN

  • August 5, 2004. Inaugural TELMIN e-ABC (e-ASEAN Business Council)
    • Meeting at Shangri-La Hotel
    • H.E. Dr. Surapong Suebwonglee TELMIN Chair
    • Prof.Dr. Srisakdi Charmonman Co-Chair
    • H.E. the Ministers from ASEAN and e-ABC members.
    • ASEAN Ministers agreed to support eLearning.
slide14

2004 International Conference on eLearning

Ten Ministers from ASEAN with Prof. S. Charmonman as the Moderator

slide15

2. Sloan Consortium Report

Slon Consortium released in November 2005 a report entitled “Growing by Degrees: Online Education in the United States, 2005”.

This research represents the third annual report on the state of online education in U.S. higher education.

slide16

2.1 Type of Learning

Four Types of Learning Defined by Sloan.

slide17

2.2 Survey Results by Sloan

  • eLearning has entered the mainstream.
    • 65% of schools offering graduate face- to-face courses also offer graduate courses in eLearning mode.
    • 63% of schools offering undergraduate face-to-face courses also offer undergraduate courses in eLearning mode.
slide18

Survey Results by Sloan (Cont.)

  • 2) Majority of Regular Faculty Members
  • are also Teaching in eLearning Mode.
    • 65% of higher education institutions are using regular faculty members to teach in eLearning courses.
    • 74% of public colleges are using regular faculty members to teach in eLearning courses.
slide19

Survey Results by Sloan (Cont.)

  • 3) More Results.
  • 64% believe that it takes more discipline for a student to succeed in eLearning.
  • 82% believe that it is no more difficult to evaluate the quality of eLearning than that in the face-to-face mode.
slide20

2.3 Successful Universities in the US Offering eLearning Degrees

A partial list of successful universities offering eLearning

slide21

3. University-Level eLearning in ASEAN

3.1 Brunei Darussalam 3.2 Cambodia3.3 Indonesia3.4 Laos3.5 Malaysia 3.6 Myanmar3.7 Philippines3.8 Singapore 3.9 Vietnam

slide22

3.1 University-Level eLearning in Brunei Darussalam

  • Universiti Brunei Darussalam established in 1985, with the web (www.ubd.edu.bn)
  • Offering Bachelor’s, Master’s and Ph.D. degree programs
  • Developing several eLearning projects to support the existing classroom-based programs
slide24

3.2 University-Level eLearning in Cambodia

  • Cambodia started university-level eLearning in 2004
  • The National Institute of Business with the web (www.nib.edu.kh)
  • Supported by Japan Overseas Development Corporation (JODC)
  • Providing eLearning Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in many fields
slide25

University-Level eLearning in Cambodia (Cont.)

  • The ministry of Education, Youth and Sports promotes education for all through distance education and self-learning.
  • University of Cambodia (www.uc.edu.kh) offers eLearning and provides free email account with wireless Internet access.
3 3 university level elearning in indonesia
3.3 University-Level eLearning in Indonesia
  • Many universities in Indonesia provide eLearning.
  • Indonesian Open Learning University with the web (www.ut.ac.id)
  • eLearning platforms available such as calendar, forum, online tutorial, and etc.
  • Trisakti university (www.trisakti.ac.id) already offered Master of Management in eLearning mode.
  • In the process of preparation of other eLearning degree programs.
3 4 university level elearning in laos
3.4 University-Level eLearning in Laos
  • In August 2004, Kobe University in Japan and Japan International Corporation Agency (JICA)organized lectures on the topic of “International Economics” attended in interactive mode by 120 students in Vientiane.
university level elearning in laos cont
University-Level eLearning in Laos (Cont.)
  • In March, 2005the National University of Laoswith the Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies (GSICS) of Kobe, provided training for junior tutors in the Faculty of Economics and Management (FEM) at the National University of Laos.
3 5 university level elearning in malaysia
3.5 University-Level eLearning in Malaysia
  • Many universities in Malaysia are offering eLearning degree programs.
  • University Tun Abdul Razak (UNITAR) was established in 1997 with the web (www.unitar.edu.my)
  • as the first virtual or eLearning university in ASEAN
university level elearning in malaysia cont
University-Level eLearning in Malaysia (Cont.)
  • The accredited degree programs areBachelor of Business Administration, Bachelor of Information System,Bachelor of Management, Master of Business Administration,Master of Information and Multimedia Tech, Master of Information Technology and Management.
university level elearning in malaysia cont1
University-Level eLearning in Malaysia (Cont.)
  • The second virtual university in Malaysia is the Multimedia University (www.mmu.edu.my) established in 1999.
  • offering two accredited eLearning degree programs,
  • - Bachelor of Management, - Bachelor of Business Administration in Human Resource Management.
university level elearning in malaysia cont2
University-Level eLearning in Malaysia (Cont.)
  • The third example of virtual university in Malaysia is the University Technology MARA (www.uitm.edu.my) established in 1956.
  • - In 2005 it provides 3 satellite campuses, 12 branch campuses, 6 city campuses and 25 franchise colleges.
  • - eLearning students in the faculty of Business Management and Information Studies
university level elearning in malaysia cont3
University-Level eLearning in Malaysia (Cont.)
  • The forth example is theUniversity Putra Malaysia(www.upm.edu.my) established in 1931.
  • Providing eLearning with support of Mahirnet (www.mahirnet.com) with online tutorial
university level elearning in malaysia cont4
University-Level eLearning in Malaysia (Cont.)
  • The fifth example in Malaysia is theOpen University Malaysia, (www.unitem.edu.my) established in 2000.
  • providing degree programs delivered by using Learning Management System (LMS).
3 6 university level elearning in myanmar
3.6 University-Level eLearning in Myanmar
  • Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry supported the eLearning Center (www.yangon.com.mm)
  • - Offering preparatory materials on WBT (eLearning system from WBT System Ltd., in Ireland) for IT engineer examination.
  • - There are 180 students in MBA Program graduated and may later be expanded in eLearning mode.
3 7 university level elearning in philippines
3.7 University-Level eLearning in Philippines
  • Several universities in the Philippines have started eLearning degree programs
  • The first example is the University of the Philippines Open University (www.upou.org) established in 1995.
  • -  It has 30 learning centers.
  • - Online short courses available via the website.
  • - In November 2000, OPEN IVLE , a free version of “IVLE (Integrated Virtual Learning Environment )” available
university level elearning in philippines cont
University-Level eLearning in Philippines (Cont.)
  • The second example in the Philippines is De La Salle University (www.dlsu.edu.ph), a Catholic University founded in 1911.
  • The Graduate School of Business offers two modes of online courses.
  • - The first mode is mixed-mode with face-to-face 8 times and web-based 6 times
  • - The second mode is full online where there is face-to-face for orientation only.
3 8 university level elearning in singapore
3.8 University-Level eLearning in Singapore
  • The first example is the National university of Singapore (www.nus.edu.sg), the oldest university in Singapore.
  • - 13 faculties with over 30,000 students and a Center for Instructional Technology (CIT)
university level elearning in singapore cont
University-Level eLearning in Singapore (Cont.)
  • The second example is Singapore Management University (www.smu.edu.sg),
  • the first private university founded in the year 2000 with about 3,000 students
  • - Offering Bachelor’s Degree and three Master’s Degree programs.
  • - Providing “SMUConnect” portal for access to class lists, lecture plans, discussion forum, notifications, examination records, and etc.
3 9 university level elearning in vietnam
3.9 University-Level eLearning in Vietnam
  • There are many projects in eLearning supported by the Ministry of Education and Training (MoET) of Vietnam at (www.eLearning.com.vn.)
  • The first example is Can Tho University, founded in 1966 (www.ctu.edu.vn)
  • - Bachelor’s, Master’s and Ph.D. programs. - Over 15,500 students at the university

with additional 14,500 at satellite centers.

- Some eLearning courses have been developed and complete eLearning degree programs are being planned.

4 university level elearning in thailand
4. University-Level eLearning in Thailand

4.1 Assumption University Requested Permission4.2 The First Draft of eLearning Law4.3 Letters to the Prime Minister4.4 Open Hearing4.5 Meeting with Five Ministers4.6 Publication of eLearning Degree in the Royal Gazette4.7 Assumption University is the First to Offer Complete eLearning Degree4.8 Eleven eLearning Degree Programs in 2006

4 1 assumption university requested permission
4.1 Assumption University Requested Permission

September 23, 2002, Prof. S. Charmonaman sent a letter to the Minister of University Affairs, asking for permission to set up eLearning degree programs at Assumption University.

assumption university requested permission cont
Assumption University Requested Permission (Cont.)

The University Council of Assumption University approved the proposal from Prof. Charmonman to establish the College of Internet Distance Education which is located at Srisakdi Charmonman IT Center.

4 2 the first draft of elearning law
4.2 The First Draft of eLearning Law

Attached to the letter was the first draft of the eLearning Law written by Prof. Charmonman. The law was needed in order to make university-level eLearning legal in Thailand.

the first draft of elearning law cont
The First Draft of eLearning Law (Cont.)

In the proposed law, many factors for successful eLearning was given such as those shown below:(1) The hardware must be of good quality with sufficient back up.(2) For peopleware, there must be top executives, deans, program directors, content experts, educational technology coordinators, educational evaluation experts and facilitating instructors. There must also be the Internet officers such as system administrators, webmasters, help desk personal, engineer and technician.

the first draft of elearning law cont1

(3) There must be Internet Engine offering online programs linking network to support at least 100 users concurrently. (4) Curriculum and content must be well designed. (5) The network must be reliable (Main server and Backup server, provide 24 hours uninterrupted service)

The First Draft of eLearning Law (Cont.)
the first draft of elearning law cont2

(6) Supporting Facilities • Digital libraries. Students can search for more information by using CD, DVD, Flash-drive and Electronic libraries. • High Speed and Links. At least 256 Kbps high-speed Internet, connecting to various servers and backup servers.

The First Draft of eLearning Law (Cont.)
the first draft of elearning law cont3

Supporting Facilities (Cont.)

• File Transfer and Data Exchange. Students can transfer files and submit assignments online.

• Two-way Interactive media. Students can use eBook tools, Podcasting tools, streaming presentation tools and graphic animation tools.

The First Draft of eLearning Law (Cont.)
4 3 letters to the prime minister
4.3 Letters to the Prime Minister
  • September 15, 2003, Prof. Charmonman sent a letter to the Prime Minister, to speed up the eLearning law.
  • March 14, 2005, Prof. Charmonman sent the second letter to the Prime Minister, that Cambodia was ahead of Thailand in university-level eLearning and we should pass the eLearning law to allow Thailand to be ahead of Cambodia.
4 4 open hearing
4.4 Open Hearing

When Prof.Charmonman sent the letter to the Minister of University Affairs on September 23, 2002, a committee was established to consider the proposal. After more than one year of several meetings, the modified version of the law was ready for an open hearing.

open hearing cont
Open Hearing (Cont.)

November 26, 2003 open hearing at Amari Hotel in Bangkok. Prof. Dr. Charmonman in his capacity as President of the Computer Association of Thailand under the Royal Patronage of HM the King was assigned to present the law to the audiences in the morning and chaired the discussions in the afternoon.

4 5 meeting with five ministers
4.5 Meeting with Five Ministers

After having sent the letter to the Minister of University Affairs, Rev.Bro.Dr. Prathip Martin Komolmas, Rev.Bro.Dr. Bancha Saenghiran and Prof. Dr. Charmonman requested and were given permission to meet with H.E. the Minister Suwajana Lippatapanlop.

meeting with five ministers cont
Meeting with Five Ministers (Cont.)

At that meeting, Prof. Charmonman briefed the Minister on the purposes and the necessity of the eLearning law. The Minister said he would signed the document soon but he was transferred before he could do it. Altogether, the Assumption University team had to seek help from five Ministers, namely,

H.E. Suwajana Lippatapanlop, H.E. Pongpol Adireksarn, H.E. Dr. Adisai Bodharamik, H.E. Jaturon Chaisang, H.E. Dr. Rung Keawdang.

meeting with five ministers cont1
Meeting with Five Ministers (Cont.)

H.E. Dr. Rung Kaewdang, the Deputy Minister of Education called a meeting of 40-50 persons at Suan Dusit Rajabhat University on July 19, 2005. Prof. Charmonman convinced the Minister and the majority at the meeting that Assumption University should be allowed to start eLearning degree programs and share the experience with other universities.

4 6 publication of elearning degree in the royal gazette
4.6 Publication of eLearning Degree in the Royal Gazette

After more than 3 years from the date Prof. Charmonman submitted the request to the Minister of University Affairs, H.E. Chaturon Chaisang, the Minister of Education signed the document to be published in the Royal Gazette.

publication of elearning degree in the royal gazette cont
Publication of eLearning Degree in the Royal Gazette (Cont.)

Usually, it takes about four months from the date of signature of the Minister to the date of publication in the Royal Gazette.

Prof. Charmonman asked his friend to help and got it done in about three weeks. The first eLearning law of Thailand was published in the Royal Gazzette on October 26, 2005 and became effective on October 27, 2005.

4 7 assumption university is the first to offer complete elearning degree
4.7 Assumption University is the First to Offer Complete eLearning Degree

4.7.1 The Purpose of College of Internet Distance Education4.7.2 Three Top Educators of Thailand Heading AU eLearning4.7.3 World-Class Facilities for eLearning at AU

4 7 1 the purpose of college of internet distance education
4.7.1 The Purpose of College of Internet Distance Education
  • To serve the country by allowing those interested in education the opportunity to continue their studies conveniently, no matter from where or when.
  • To promote Life-Long Learning by using the Internet.
the purpose of college of internet distance education cont
The Purpose of College of Internet Distance Education (Cont.)
  • To expand Assumption University from traditional classroom-based education to Internet-based distance education.
  • To increase the number of students at Assumption University from about 18,000 persons in 2002 to about 100,000 persons later.
4 7 2 three top educators of thailand heading au elearning
4.7.2 Three Top Educators of Thailand Heading AU eLearning

One of the most important factors of success of any organization is its top executives.

The three top eLearning executives at Assumption University have been bestowed the highest royal declaration, namely, Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of the Most ExaltedOrder of the White Elephant.

slide70

The Three Top Executives of the College of Internet Distance Education

Prof.Dr. Srisakdi Charmonman serving as the Chief Execuitve Officer (CEO)

Prof.Dr. Chaiyong Brahmawong serving as the Chief Technology Officer (CTO)

Prof.Dr. Utumporn Jamornmann serving as the Chief Operating Officer (COO)

4 7 3 world class facilities for elearning at au
4.7.3 World-Class Facilities for eLearning at AU

Assumption University has constructed “Srisakdi Charmonman IT Center”, www.scitbuilding.info, the seat of the College of Internet Distance Education with all kinds of facilities such as Network Operation Center (NOC) with Diesel generator for electricity backup, 408-Internet terminals in one room for eExamination, VDO Conference room, web-based courseware production center and TV and radio courseware production center.

4 8 eleven elearning degree programs in 2006
4.8 Eleven eLearning Degree Programs in 2006

The government of Thailand legalized higher-education eLearning by publishing the law in the Royal Gazzette in October 2005.

Assumption University became the first to offer a complete degree program in eLearning mode in January 2006.

eleven elearning degree programs in 2006 cont
Eleven eLearning DegreePrograms in 2006 (Cont.)

Altogether, there will be at least 11 eLearning degree programs available in Thailand in the year 2006:(1) January 2006. College of Internet Distance Education, Assumption University. Master of Science in Management.

11 elearning degree program available in thailand cont
11 eLearning degree programavailable in Thailand (Cont.)

(2) May 2006. College of Internet Distance Education, Assumption University. Master of Science in Information and Communication Technology.(3) May 2006. College of Internet Distance Education, Assumption University. Doctor of Philosophy in eLearning Methodology.

11 elearning degree program available in thailand cont1
11 eLearning degree programavailable in Thailand (Cont.)

(4) June 2006. Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University. Bachelor of Science in Software Development.(5) June 2006. Faculty of Engineering at Kasetsart University. Bachelor of Industrial Technology.(6) June 2006. Faculty of Management and Information Science, Naresuan University. Bachelor of Business Administration in Tourism.

11 elearning degree program available in thailand cont2
11 eLearning degree programavailable in Thailand (Cont.)

(7) June 2006. Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University. Master of Science in Pharmacy Administration. (8) June 2006. Faculty of Education, Chiang Mai University. Master of Education in English Language Teaching.(9) June 2006. Faculty of Education, Silpakorn University. Master of Arts in Knowledge Management.

11 elearning degree program available in thailand cont3
11 eLearning degree programavailable in Thailand (Cont.)

(10) June 2006. Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University. Master of Public Health Program.(11) September 2006. College of Internet Distance Education, Assumption University. Master of Science in eLearning Methodology.

5 concluding remarks
5. Concluding Remarks

In November 2005, Sloan Consortium published a report on eLearning in the US defining “Online Learning” or “eLearning” as learning in which the Internet is used in delivering 80-100% of the content.

concluding remarks cont
Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

In 1967, ASEAN was established in Bangkok with 5 member countries and the other 5 countries joined later.

The author of this paper became a member of eASEAN Task Force in 1999 and Chairman of eASEAN Business Council in 2004.

concluding remarks cont1
Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

He proposed to the ASEAN Ministers that university-level eLearning be promoted to upgrade the educational level of citizens of the ten countries.

University–level eLearning in ASEAN was started in 1997 by Malaysia in the form of the first virtual university in ASEAN, namely Universiti Tun Abdul Razak (UNITAR).

concluding remarks cont2
Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

By the year 2006, all member countries of ASEAN have established university-level eLearning degree programs, and Thailand became the first in the world to offer Ph.D. in eLearning Methodology. As a matter of fact, in the year 2006, seven universities in Thailand are offering eleven eLearning degree programs.