Team Workshop - Session III. Summary of Brainstorming/Affinity grouping exercise from Session I (10 minutes) Some new decision-making tools (10 minutes) Concluding Activity (20 minutes) Process checks (5 minutes) Do actual checks as homework. Establishing Corrective Norms.
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Establishing Corrective Norms
Rationale: This activity concludes the exercise from first session which applied brainstorming and affinity grouping principles to identify some problems of student groups. Now we need to prioritize those problems and try to generate solutions for those that are the most important.
For each affinity group, identify those problems which your team feels has the greatest potential for causing problems if left unaddressed. A decision tool is required here (see the Modified Nominal Group Technique)
Generate a norm (i.e. a strategy) to avoid or to overcome the problem which you identified as the most serious in each affinity group (each team concentrates on a different affinity group). A useful tool here would be the Force Field Analysis.
close mindedness, stubborn-ness, lack of flexibility
bad communication skills
lack of positive reinforcement from team members
group members don’t like each other
varying levels of commitment among members
not everyone wants to get an A
people not willing to pull their weight
lack of motivation, interest
lack of responsibility
no clear goals
there may be tasks that no one wants to do
scheduling problems, finding common meeting times
varying course loads and other commitments among members
weeks with lots of tests
working over long distances
interruptions during meeting times
bad weather, fatigue, dinner getting in way
rushing to get done may cause group to miss something
lack of information
insufficient equipment, supplies, materials
crowded work areas
lack of adequate computer resources
lack of guidance by instructor
deciding which way to approach the project
different methods of working
how to divide the work load
group leader has too much work
one person’s work depends on someone else
grading of members (individual or group grade)
inappropriate amount of supervision (too much or too little)
PurposeModified nominal group technique is a technique to help a team or group quickly reduce a large list of items to a smaller number of high priority items. The process elicits a high degree of team agreement and promotes team ownership. This tool is similar to nominal group technique but not quite as involved.
1. Count the number of items on the list and divide by three. This is the number of votes each person has. (Round fractions off to the lower number.) If the items number more than 60, do not go over a vote total of 20. Vote totals of more than 20 are hard to manage. Give each team member as many colored dots as she/he has votes.
2. Have each person use his/her votes (colored dots) to select the items he/she wants to keep. While each person can vote for any item, it is a good idea to limit the number of votes any one item can receive from a single person to three. Note: the team can decide if they want to allow more or less multiple voting.
3. List alternatives in their new prioritized order
4. Critically discuss the top alternatives in order to reach consensus. Eliminate those that are outside the control of the team
PurposeTo prioritize tasks, issues, alternatives, etc. to aid in selecting what tasks, issues, alternatives to pursue
1. Generate a set of criteria to be used in establishing the quality of the decision
2. Construct an L matrix with options, etc. down the left and selection criteria across the top
3. Each person prioritizes the criteria by distributing the value 1.0 among the criteria (i.e., sum of weights is 1.0)
4. Sum the weights from each person for each criterion, the sum becomes the team’s weight for the criterion. Enter these weights in the L matrix in brackets -- each column will have the same number in each cell.
5. Going a criterion at a time, rank order all the options, etc. with respect to the criterion using the modified nominal group technique. Enter the vote totals for each issue into the L matrix.
6. Find the product of the vote totals and weight for each issue and sum these products for each row.
7. The rows with the highest sums are the issues of highest priority. Be sure to discuss any row which has a low total but seems like it should be retained.
PurposeA force field analysis helps teams find out what is driving, slowing, or not allowing change. The tool helps a team to work together, to find a starting point from which to take action, and to show both sides of the change issue.
1. On a board or large piece of paper draw a vertical line down the middle and a horizontal line across the paper near the top
2. Label the left column Promoting and the right column Preventing
3. Brainstorm entries for the left hand column.
4. Brainstorm entries for the right hand column.
Force Field Analysis
Session I - Team principles, brainstorming and affinity process, application of brainstorming and affinity grouping to problems of student groups
Session II - Elements of successful meetings, application of meeting principles to space survival problem
Session III - Establishing corrective norms, decision making tools, solutions to problems of student groups
On this + note write one thing about the Session that you thought was very good and should be retained.
On thisnote identify one thing about the Session that could be improved. (Don’t just criticize; suggest an improvement.)
Process Check on Session I
useless 1 2 3 4 5 very useful
strongly disagree 1 2 3 4 5 strongly agree
less time 1 2 3 4 5 more time