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Alcohol - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Kerry Herndon, MSW, LAC-E Western Montana Addiction Services Project SUCCESS- Sentinel HS. Alcohol. First Thing First…THE BRAIN . Age 25: Fully Developed Age 30: Fully Mature Younger Chemicals Are Introduced, the Greater the Risk to Brain Development

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kerry herndon msw lac e western montana addiction services project success sentinel hs
Kerry Herndon, MSW, LAC-E

Western Montana Addiction Services

Project SUCCESS- Sentinel HS


first thing first the brain
First Thing First…THE BRAIN
  • Age 25: Fully Developed
  • Age 30: Fully Mature
  • Younger Chemicals Are Introduced, the

Greater the Risk to Brain Development

  • More than 4 in 10 who drink before age 15 will become alcoholics
a couple terms
A couple terms….
  • Neurotransmitters
    • Send and receive messages in the brain
  • Neuron
    • The chemical (message) being sent
  • Decreased responsiveness to a stimulus, especially over a period of continued exposure.
  • The capacity to absorb a drug continuously or in large doses without adverse effect; diminution in the response to a drug after prolonged use.
  • Physiological resistance to a poison.

** increased tolerance DOES NOT mean you are any less drunk – your BAC does not change because your tolerance increases. **

  • Depressant
    • Suppresses Central Nervous System
      • Slows Breathing
      • Slows Heart Rate
      • Slows Reflexes
  • Stimulates Dopamine
    • Neuron
      • Feel Good Sensors
      • Example: Runner’s High
alcohol the brain
Alcohol & The Brain
  • Shrinking of the Brain
  • Hippocampus –Learning and Memory
  • Prefrontal Cortex – Decision Making/Personality
  • Reticular Formation – Sleep/Awake Cycles & Consciousness
  • Spinal Cord
  • Cerebral Cortex – Thinking and Problem Solving
  • Cerebellum – Body Movement & Coordination
alcohol the heart
Alcohol & The Heart
  • Irregular heart beat
  • Weakens heart muscles
  • Decreases heartbeat
  • High blood pressure
  • Increased risk of heart attack
  • Some research shows a correlation of an enzyme found in red wine used in moderation can have a positive effect on the heart. This is dependent on many other factors.
alcohol the lungs
Alcohol & The Lungs
  • Slow or irregular breathing
  • Choking or asphyxiation
  • Lowers protective

antioxidants in lung lining

  • Keeps proteins our lungs

need out impacting capacity.

alcohol mental health
Alcohol & Mental Health
  • Mental Health Diagnosis
    • Increases risk of substance use
    • Most common among
      • Depression
      • Anxiety
      • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
      • Bi-Polar Disorder
      • Schizophrenia
      • Other Personality Disorders
alcohol mouth throat stomach kidney pancreas and liver
Alcohol, Mouth, Throat, Stomach, Kidney, Pancreas and Liver
  • Cancer of the Mouth & Throat
  • Cancer of the Pancreas
  • Cirrhosis of the Liver
  • Kidney Failure
  • Stomach Ulcers
  • Too much alcohol to metabolize leads to alcohol poisoning, possibly death
alcohol the immune system
Alcohol & The Immune System
  • Lowers the immune system
  • More prone to disease & illness
  • Prevents nutrients from absorbing
  • Decreases a lymph node's ability to release antibodies into the blood to protect you from illness.
alcohol musculoskeletal system
Alcohol & Musculoskeletal System
  • Weakens Muscles
    • Nerve functions
    • Decreases testosterone

needed for building muscle or

maintaining muscle tone

  • Weakens Bones
    • Overtime osteoporosis
    • Decreases bodies ability to

absorb calcium

wernicke s encephalophay
Wernicke’s Encephalophay
  • Inability to absorb vitamin B
  • Causes:
    • Lack of Coordination
    • Impaired Vision
    • Short-Term Memory Problems
    • Confusion
alcohol reproductive system
Alcohol & Reproductive System
  • Infertility
  • Male
    • Decreased testosterone
    • Shrinking Testacies
    • Impotence
  • Female
    • Reduces estrogen
    • Abnormal menstrual cycles and ovulation cycles
    • Spontaneous abortions
    • Early menopause
alcohol pregnancy
Alcohol: Pregnancy
  • Biggest impact in first weeks of pregnancy when most vital organs are starting to form (you may not even know you are pregnant)
  • Can take 1 drink, can take 50 drinks during pregnancy during any stage of gestation
    • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
      • Physical and Mental Health
    • Fetal Alcohol Effect
      • Mental Health
other health risks w alcohol
Other Health Risks w/ Alcohol
  • Can cause seizures
  • Hypothermia (Low body temperature)
  • Enhances carcinogens in other chemicals, such as tobacco or marijuana
  • Can cause damage to DNA cells
  • Hypoglycemia (Low blood sugar)
    • Dangerous for someone with diabetes
alcohol poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
  • Binge Drinking
    • 5 standard drinks in 2 hours for males
    • 4 standard drinks in 2 hours for females
  • Too much too quickly
  • Body can’t metabolize alcohol that quickly
    • Males metabolize alcohol more quickly than females
alcohol dangerous games
Alcohol: Dangerous Games
  • Higher risk for sexual assault
    • Rape case investigations last year in Missoula showed that most victims were drinking at the time of their rape.
  • Rapid drinking on a bet or a dare
    • Alcohol hits stomach faster than your body can process/metabolize the substance
  • Girls keeping up with boys
    • Girls metabolize alcohol slower than boys
signs of alcohol poisoning
Signs of Alcohol Poisoning
  • Mental confusion, stupor, or coma
  • No response when pinching skin
  • Vomiting while sleeping
  • Seizures
  • Slow or irregular breathing
  • Low body temperature
  • Bluish skin color, paleness
alcohol poisoning death
Alcohol Poisoning & Death
  • Hypoglycemia (Low blood sugar)
  • Seizures
  • Choking or asphyxiation on vomit
  • Breathing slows, becomes irregular, stops
  • Heartbeat irregular, stops
  • Hypothermia (low body temperature)
    • Causing cardiac arrest
alcohol what you can do
Alcohol: What You Can Do
  • Know the signs of alcohol overdose
  • Be aware of your responsibility
    • Ask for help
    • Don’t be embarrassed
  • Know what to do if someone overdoses
    • Be honest about how much they drank
    • Seek medical assistance
    • Don’t leave them alone
alcohol sobering up
Alcohol: Sobering Up

Eating, drinking coffee, sleeping it off, taking a cold shower, walking it off, and being left alone just create a very…..

Full, wide awake, well rested, dripping wet, exercised and possibly irritated drunk.

Only TIME sobers a person up. Your body can only get the alcohol out of your body as fast as it can metabolize it.

withdrawal symptoms of alcohol
Withdrawal Symptoms of Alcohol
  • 2 hrs – weeks after use
  • Shakes/Tremors
  • Chills
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Nervousness
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Heart issues
  • Jumpiness
  • Mood Swings
  • Nightmares/Terrors
  • Clammy Skin
  • Dilated pupils
  • Insomnia
  • Headaches
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Confusion
  • Hallucinations
  • Seizures
alcohol facts from 2011 study
Alcohol Facts (From 2011 Study)
  • Alcohol is the most abused drug in the USA
  • Alcohol related crashes cost the State of MT approximately $511 million per year
  • Youth that drink are 50x more likely to use cocaine than those who never drink.
  • Binge drinkers are more likely to drive impaired than non-binge drinkers
  • More than 4 in 10 people who begin drinking before age 15 eventually become alcoholics.
    • This increases if you have a family history of substance abuse