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Vietnam Timeline. 1874. France takes control of Vietnam. President and US Military Presence: 1941 . Roosevelt. 1941 . Ho Chi Minh founded the Viet Minh To fight the Japanese Popular leader Not anti-American Nationalist/land reform. President and US Military Presence: 1945. Truman.

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Vietnam timeline
1874

  • Francetakes control of Vietnam



Vietnam timeline
1941

  • Ho Chi Minh founded the Viet Minh

    • To fight the Japanese

    • Popular leader

    • Not anti-American

    • Nationalist/land reform



Vietnam timeline
1945

  • Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam Independent

    • US and Vietnamese fought against Japanese

    • Quotes US Declaration of Independence

    • Asks the US for aid five times


Vietnam timeline
1950

  • United States gives direct economic and military aid to the French

    • War begins between Vietminh and France

    • Domino Theory/Keep Alliance with French

    • In total $4 billion to the French



Vietnam timeline
1954

  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    • Last Battle of French/Vietminh War

    • Vietminh won


Vietnam timeline
1954

  • Geneva Conference

    • Vietnam divided at the 17th parallel. Elections in two years

    • Cease fire

      • Neither side would form alliances with other countries


Vietnam timeline
1954

  • US Support Ngo Dinh Diem as leader of South Vietnam

    • Western Educated. Diem was Catholic. Vietnam a country of Buddhists.

    • Corrupt

    • Two US advisors worked closely with Diem.

    • Strongly Anti-Communist.


Vietnam timeline
1956

  • Diem cancels elections

    • He knew that Ho Chi Minh would win.

    • He broke the Geneva Conventions.



Vietnam timeline
1960

  • National Liberation Front a.k.a. Viet Cong

    • South Vietnamese who hate Diem

    • Supported by peasants

    • Civil War breaks out

    • Use Guerilla/terror tactics

Viet Cong Solider



Vietnam timeline
1963

  • Buddhists Riots in Hue

    • Diem outlawed Buddhists flags

    • Buddhists protested this and were shot

    • A few monks lit themselves on fire- Made Diem look bad



Vietnam timeline
1963

  • Diem Overthrown and Assassinated

    • Diem received millions in aid, yet his country was bankrupt

    • Unpopular and corrupt

    • US supported a military coup

    • Diem & brother killed. Unwilling/able to change conditions that led to popularity communism/NLF


Vietnam timeline
1963

  • Kennedy Assassinated

    • Johnson swears he will not “lose” Vietnam

    • Viet Cong are already assassinating US advisors



Vietnam timeline
1964

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    • Johnson claimed that two ships were attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin

    • Congress gave Johnson a “blank check” in Vietnam

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution



Vietnam timeline
1965

  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    • Viet Cong attacked a US airfield in South Vietnam

    • US begins bombing N. Vietnam. Continued for three years.

    • Bomb bases, roads, railroads & Ho Chi Minh trail

    • Start sending ground troops



Vietnam timeline
1968

  • Tet Offensive (Vietnamese New Year)

    • The VC/NVA took control of major cities in S. Vietnam

    • The US mainstream started questioning the war

    • The US retook major cities but damage was done



Vietnam timeline
1969

  • Secret Bombing of Cambodia

    • Bombed communist strongholds

    • Continued to bomb the Ho Chi Minh Trail

Secret bombing

Of Cambodia:

Sites indicated

In Red



Vietnam timeline
1969

  • My Lai Massacre

    • March 16, 1968

    • Search and destroy mission

    • 350 civilians killed by US army division

    • Became public knowledge in 1969

My Lai Massacre

Monument


Vietnam timeline
1969

  • Anti-War Demonstrations

    • After Tet, mainstream US against war

    • College campuses center of protest movement- biggest at Columbia U where students occupied President’s office

    • Marches, teach-ins, burning draft cards, jail, leaving country…


Vietnam timeline
1970

  • Vietnamization

  • Advisors said it would take 8 yrs to win the war

  • Trained and fund S. Vietnamese troops to take over

  • Allowed US troops to begin to come home



Vietnam timeline
1970

  • Kent State

    • A protest against the invasion of Cambodia

    • Burned down ROTC building

    • National Guard fired on crowd

    • Four students killed, one paralyzed for life



Vietnam timeline
1971

  • Pentagon Papers

    • Defense Dept. employee Daniel Ellsburg leaked top secret document to the NY Times and Wash. Post

    • Revealed Government was lying about war


Vietnam timeline
1973

  • Last Troops Leave Vietnam

    • After a massive bombing campaign in the North US turned the war over to South. (Paris Peace Accords)

    • Symbolized our inability to defeat the Communists



Vietnam timeline
1975

  • Last Americans leave Saigon during the early morning

    • The North took over Saigon

    • The Civil War was over

    • The Communist won


Vietnam timeline