Effective Study Skills Marcus Simmons Coordinator – Office of Supportive and Disability Services Itawamba Community College
Basic Rationale Many students entering post-secondary education seem to lack the study skills needed to be successful. The research I conducted through this project demonstrated a need for postsecondary study skills courses. Most telling was a survey I conducted at Itawamba Community College. A survey was given to teachers and students to see what their feelings were concerning students study skill abilities and the need for an effective study skills course.
Contents • Note taking • Time Management & Organizational Skills • Effective Study Skills • Taking Exams or Tests
Note Taking • The Cornell Method • The Outline Method • The Mapping Method • The Charting Method • The Sentence Method
Jackson Mississippi The US Senate The capital of Mississippi. Serves for 6 years before having to run again. Each state has 2 senators The Cornell Method
The Cornell Method • Advantages • Organized and easy to review • Good format for major concepts and ideas • Simples and efficient • Saves time • Disadvantages • None • When to Use • In any lecture type situation
The Outline Method • Extrasensory Perception • Definition: means of perceiving without use of organs • Three kinds • Telepathy: sending messages • Clairvoyance: forecasting • Psychokinesis: perceiving events external to a situation • Current Status • No current research to support or refute • Few psychologists say impossible
The Outline Method • Advantages • Well organized if done correctly • Reduces editing • Easy to review • Disadvantages • Requires more in class thought • May not show good sequence relationships • Cannot use if the lecture is too fast • When to Use • Great to use when the lecture is presented in outline format • Best when there is enough time during the lecture to really organize your thoughts well • Best when you have mastered the note taking skills and are a better note taker than most people
The Mapping Method Extrasensory Perception 3 types Telepathy – Sending messages Psychokinesis – Perceiving events Clairvoyance – Forecasting
The Mapping Method • Advantages • Can visually track lectures easily • Little thinking required and relationship can be tracked easily • Easy to edit later • Reviewing easy conducted • Easy to transfer to other means of studying like flashcards • Disadvantages • Hard to hear changes in content from major points to facts • When to Use • When the lecture is well organized • Can be useful with guest lecturers when you are not familiar with what the lecture will be about
The Charting Method Period Important People Events 1941-1945 FDR WW II
The Charting Method • Advantages • Helps to track conversational style lectures better • Reduces the amount of writing • Easy to review facts and relationships • Disadvantages • Learning the system and being able to distinguish good categories or headings • Must be able to understand the lecture well • When to Use • When tests focus on facts and relationships • Content is heavy and presented very fast • When you need to reduce editing time • When you want to get a large overview of all of the material
The Sentence Method Example Lecture: A revolution is any occurrence that Affects other aspects of life, and so forth. Therefore Revolutions cause change. (see pages 29-30 in your Textbook about this). Sample of Notes: Revolution – occurrence that affects Aspects of life…eg… econ, soc, etc… text pp. 29-30 *Develop your own set of abbreviations and symbols.
The Sentence Method • Advantages • Slightly more organized than paragraphs • Gets most all of the information • Disadvantages • Hard to determine the major and minor points • Difficult to edit without re-writing • Difficult to review unless edited or re-written • When to Use • Lecture has to be organized well • When you can hear the points but are unsure of their relationship during the lecture • The instructor present points, but points are not grouped together well
Prologue The Effective Study Skills class open to all students has been accepted and I will be teaching one of the classes this fall semester. Also – An article from the paper I wrote in favor of Effective Study Skills class was published and can be viewed at: Articles for Educators http://articlesforeducators.com/dir/general/study_skills/college_study_skills.asp
References Developing your studying method. (n.d.) Certification Crazy. Retrieved January 6, 2006 from, http://www.certification-crazy.net/study- advice%20method.htm Doyle, B. (2004). Effective study techniques. Retrieved January 6, 2006 from Arkansas State University web site: http://www.clt.astate.edu/bdoyle/effective_studytechniques.htm Ellis, D. (2006). Becoming a master student. (11th ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. Landsberger, J. (2005). The SQ3R reading method. Study Guides and Strategies. Retrieved February 10, 2006 from, http://www.studygs.net/texred2/htm Lorphevre, T. (2005). Core Skills Survival Guide. Retrieved February 10, 2006 from London South Bank University Core Skills Survival Guide web site: www.lsbu.ac.uk/caxton Note taking system. (n.d). Retrieved February 10, 2006 from California Polytechnic State University web site: http://www.sas.calpoly.edu/asc/ssl/html Richards, R. (2002). Memory strategies for students. LDOnLine. Retrieved October 4, 2005 from, www.ldonline.org/ld_indepth/teaching_techniques/memory_strategies.htm Seidman, A. (2005). Program justification. Learning Support Centers in Higher Education. Retrieved February 2, 2006 from, http://www.pvc.maricopa.edu/~lsche/resources/program_just.htm Test taking and anxiety. (2001).Retrieved January 6, 2006 from Pennsylvania State University Learning Center web site: http://www.ulrc.psu.edu/studyskills/test_taking.html