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Study Skills. Florida Institute of Technology. Study Involves:. Listening Taking good notes Understanding. Listening. “The process of receiving, attending to, and assigning meaning to aural and visual stimuli.” Listening by Wolvin and Coakley

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study skills

Study Skills

Florida Institute of Technology


Study Involves:

  • Listening
  • Taking good notes
  • Understanding

“The process of receiving, attending to, and assigning meaning to aural and visual stimuli.”

Listening by Wolvin and Coakley

College students spend 55% of their communication time listening.

phases of listening
Phases of Listening
  • Attending
  • Understanding
  • Remembering
phase 1 attending
Phase 1 -- Attending

In the classroom there are many distractions

  • a good listener focuses on the professor’s words
  • a poor listener has a hard time blocking out the external noises
techniques for attending to a lecture
Techniques for attending to a lecture:
  • Eliminate physical distractions
  • Prepare to listen
  • Don’t tune out if the professor says something you disagree with
  • Adjust to the listening goals of the situation
phase 2 understanding
Phase 2 -- Understanding

We must actively listen by assigning meaning to what is being said.

  • a good listener applies active listening
  • a poor listener only hears what is said
techniques for understanding a lecture
Techniques for understanding a lecture:
  • Seek out the instructor’s method of organization
  • Stay focused on the lecture by:
    • asking mental questions to anticipate information
    • paraphrasing or reviewing (silently)
  • Watch for nonverbal cues
phase 3 remembering
Phase 3 -- Remembering

Use techniques to imprint ideas on your memory.

  • good listener employs help to retain information
  • a poor listener interprets information accurately and understands it, but forgets it
techniques for remembering
Techniques for remembering
  • Repeat information
  • Create mnemonics
  • Take notes
techniques for taking notes
Techniques for Taking Notes
  • Preparation
  • Note Taking
  • Finalizing

A 3-Step Process:

  • Read the text & note any questions
  • Use a 3-ring binder
  • Head each lecture
  • Choose a note taking style
  • Use margins for questions and summary
  • Write on one side of the paper only
  • Number your pages
taking notes
Taking Notes
  • Write clearly
  • Start taking notes immediately
  • Use abbreviations and symbols for technical words
  • Listen for an overview of topics
  • Listen for cues (may show up on next test)
  • Note important examples
  • Copy notes written on the board
  • Listen for the last minute cram of information towards the end of class


Review your lecture notes ASAP

Fill in blank spaces, using your text or a friend’s notes

Write questions about notes in the left hand margin

Write a summary of the notes

Visit your instructor for clarification

it is important that you read the textbook
It is important that you read the textbook
  • additional information not covered in class
  • clarifies information presented in class
  • provides additional examples of concepts
  • Survey
  • Question
  • Read
  • Recite
  • Review
step 1 survey
Step 1 = Survey
  • check the length of the reading
  • read title and headings
  • examine pictures, graphs, and illustrations
  • find the names of people
  • look at the italicized or bold words
  • read the review questions
step 2 question
Step 2 = Question


  • turn the headings into questions
  • read the section to find the answer
step 3 read
Step 3 = Read
  • read paragraph by paragraph
    • reading aloud often helps with remembering
  • highlight or underline main ideas
  • look up difficult or new words
  • break every 20 minutes
step 4 recite
Step 4 = Recite
  • answer aloud the questions you wrote
  • reword each paragraph aloud
    • promotes concentration
    • checks your comprehension
    • helps you remember
step 5 review
Step 5 = Review
  • step back and review the whole chapter
  • look at questions and review the answers
  • keep it short
  • synthesize ideas
  • search for significance
  • find an application
mark your books
Mark Your Books!
  • read the whole paragraph - then mark it
  • be selective
  • write in the margins
  • keep your book neat
  • use cross-references
  • be systematic
help is just around the corner
Help is just around the corner
  • visit the Academic Support Center
  • visit your professor during office hours
  • form study groups
  • talk to your advisor