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  1. LARGE CITIES UNDER STRESSCHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

  2. Three distinct groupings of large city regions • A) National/Global Metropolises: • 1) The Greater Toronto/Oshawa Area 5.2 million • 2) The Greater Montreal Region 3.6 million • 3) Greater Vancouver & the Fraser valley 2.3 million • B) Emerging National Centres: • 4) Ottawa-Gatineau (ON-PQ) 1.2 million • 5) Calgary and environs 1.1 million • 6) The Edmonton Region 1.05 million • C) Mid-size Metropolitan Regions: • 7) Quebec City region 0.7 million • 8) Winnipeg region 0.7 million • 9) Hamilton region 0.7 million

  3. LARGE CITIES UNDER STRESSCHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

  4. Data Sources • Rankings exercises generated by private consultants, including magazine surveys • Data gathered by regional authorities or large municipal governments for the purpose of direct comparison with competing cities • Academic research on the nature of urbanization and globalization • Government and NGO sustainability indicator projects

  5. EACCC’s Four Pillars of Sustainability • • Economic • - prosperity & earnings, connectivity, innovation, business costs • • Social • - quality of life measures, cost of living, education, health care • • Cultural • - immigrant population, cultural infrastructure, cultural industries, city brand value • • Environmental • - air quality, automobile dependence

  6. GDP Rankings for Selected North American Cities, 2003 Source: CMM 2004

  7. Business Costs for Selected Global Cities, 2004 Source: KPMG 2004

  8. Business Costs for Selected Global Cities, 2004 (cont’d) Source: KPMG 2004

  9. Quality of Life Rankingsfor Selected Global Cities, 2005 Source: Mercer HR & EIU, 2005

  10. Quality Rankingsfor Selected Universities, 2005 Source: Ince 2005; Shanghai Jiao Tong University 2005

  11. Immigration Index Issuedfor Selected Global Cities, 2004 Source: Benton-Short et al. 2004

  12. Anholt-GMI City Brands Ranking,Selected Global Cities, 2005 Source: Anholt-GMI 2005

  13. Air Quality Rankings for Selected Global Cities, 2005 Source: Baldasano et al. 2003

  14. Transport Infrastructure Investment, EIU Top-Rated Cities, 1993-1997 Source: Scheurer et al. 2005

  15. LARGE CITIES UNDER STRESSCHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES