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Unit 12 Book E. 1. Abjure: (v.) to renounce, repudiate under oath: to avoid, shun. Synonyms: forswear, retract, recant, abstain from. Antonyms: affirm, avow, aver, profess. 2. Acrid: (adj.) harsh in taste or odor: sharp in manner or temper. Synonyms: irritating, stinging, bitter, caustic

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1 abjure v to renounce repudiate under oath to avoid shun
1. Abjure: (v.) to renounce, repudiate under oath: to avoid, shun
  • Synonyms: forswear, retract, recant, abstain from.
  • Antonyms: affirm, avow, aver, profess
2 acrid adj harsh in taste or odor sharp in manner or temper
2. Acrid: (adj.) harsh in taste or odor: sharp in manner or temper.
  • Synonyms: irritating, stinging, bitter, caustic
  • Antonyms: gentle, smooth, mild
3 august adj majestic inspiring admiration and respect
3. August: (adj.) majestic, inspiring admiration and respect
  • Synonyms: Stately, dignified, exalted, venerable
  • Antonyms: humble, base, mean, lowly
4 callous adj emotionally hardened unfeeling
4. Callous: (adj.) emotionally hardened, unfeeling
  • Synonyms: insensitive, unsympathetic, thick-skinned.
  • Antonyms: sensitive, compassionate, tenderhearted.
5 clandestine adj secret concealed underhanded
5. Clandestine: (adj.) secret, concealed; underhanded.
  • Synonyms: covert, furtive, surreptitious, stealthy
  • Antonyms: open, overt, undisguised, aboveboard
6 compunction n remorse regret
6. Compunction: (n.) remorse, regret
  • Synonyms: scruple, qualm, misgiving, contrition
  • Antonyms: shamelessness, insouciance, nonchalance
7 conflagration n a large destructive fire
7. Conflagration: (n.) a large destructive fire
  • Synonyms: holocaust, wildfire
  • Antonyms: deluge, flood
8 elated adj high in spirits jubilant extremely pleased
8. Elated: (adj.) high in spirits, jubilant: extremely pleased
  • Synonyms: overjoyed, ecstatic, tickled pink
  • Antonyms: depressed, crestfallen, despondent, blue
9 indelible adj not able to be erased or removed memorable
9. Indelible: (adj.) not able to be erased or removed; memorable
  • Synonyms: lasting, permanent, unforgettable
  • Antonyms: erasable, impermanent, ephemeral
10 indulgent adj yielding to the wishes or demands of others
10. Indulgent: (adj.) yielding to the wishes or demands of others
  • Synonyms: lenient, permissive, tolerant, liberal
  • Antonyms: strict, severe, inflexible, hard-nosed
inveterate adj firmly established long lasting habitual
Inveterate: (adj.) firmly established, long-lasting: habitual
  • Synonyms: persisting, chronic, dyed-in-the-wool
  • Antonyms: sporadic, intermittent, occasional
irrelevant adj not to the point not applicable or pertinent
Irrelevant: (adj.) not to the point, not applicable or pertinent
  • Synonyms: inapplicable, immaterial, besides the point
  • Antonyms: pertinent, material, apropos, germane
nocturnal adj of or occurring in the night under cover of darkness
Nocturnal: (adj.) of or occurring in the night: under cover of darkness
  • Synonyms: nighttime
  • Antonyms: daytime, diurnal (DAY OR DAILY)
platitude n the commonplace stale or trite remark
Platitude: (n.) the commonplace, stale, or trite remark.
  • Synonyms: cliché, truism, bromide
  • Antonyms: epigram, quip, witticism, bon mot
quell v to subdue put down forcibly
Quell: (v.) to subdue, put down forcibly
  • Synonyms: suppress, pacify, squelch, quash, crush
  • Antonyms: incite, provoke, arouse, foment, stir up
quiescent adj inactive at rest
Quiescent: (adj.) inactive, at rest
  • Synonyms: still, inert, motionless, dormant, tranquil
  • Antonyms: active, thriving, lively, bustling, volatile
ruminate v to mediate think about at length to chew the cud
Ruminate: (v.) to mediate, think about at length; to chew the cud
  • Synonyms: ponder, reflect, mull over, muse
tacit adj unspoken silent implied inferred
Tacit: (adj.) unspoken, silent; implied, inferred
  • Synonyms: unexpressed, unvoiced, understood, implicit.
  • Antonyms: explicit, express, specific
tangible adj capable of being touched real concrete
Tangible: (adj.) capable of being touched; real, concrete
  • Synonyms: perceptible, actual, evident, palpable
  • Antonyms: immaterial, imperceptible, insubstantial
trenchant adj incisive keen forceful effective cutting caustic distinct clear out
Trenchant: (adj.) incisive, keen: forceful, effective; cutting caustic; distinct, clear- out.
  • Synonyms: penetrating, cutting, telling, acute
  • Antonyms: dull bland, insipid, vapid, imperceptive