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Tessellations. Ms. Blaylock. What are Tessellations?. The word ' tessera ' in Latin means a small stone cube. They were used to make up ' tessellata ' - the mosaic pictures forming floors in Roman buildings

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tessellations

Tessellations

Ms. Blaylock

what are tessellations
What are Tessellations?

The word 'tessera' in Latin means a small stone cube.

They were used to make up 'tessellata' - the mosaic pictures forming floors in Roman buildings

Tessellations refers to pictures or tiles, mostly in the form of animals and other life forms. It covers the surface of a composition iwithoutoverlapping or leaving gaps.

A Roman floor mosaic

slide3

Tessellations involve using a shape or group of shapes, which are arranged on a composition to create pattern and repetition.

Transformations

by

M C Escher

slide4

Patterns are everywhere, but not all patterns are tessellations.

Henri Matisse uses a lot of pattern

m c escher
M. C. Escher

Self-Portrait

m c escher1
M. C. Escher
  • Escher was born in Leeuwarden in Holland on June 17th, 1898.
  • Referred to by his initials which stand for Maurits, Cornelis.
  • Youngest of 4 brothers.
  • The family moved to Arnhem where he grew up and went to high school.

'Self Portrait in Chair' - 1920

m c escher tessellation master
M. C. Escher: Tessellation Master

Escher produced '8 Heads' in 1922 - a hint of things to come.

His inspiration…

Escher took a boat trip to Spain and went to the Alhambra, an extravagant palace full of pattern.

There, he copied many of the tiling patterns.

'8 Heads' - 1922

alhambra castle
Alhambra Castle

One of the most well known example of Muslim architecture.

Alhambra consists of palaces

built by several rulers, each had

his own castle.

the alhambra palace is a famous example of moorish architecture
The Alhambra Palace is afamous example ofMoorish architecture.

Islamic art does not usually use representations of people, but uses

geometric patterns.

design for wood intarsia panel for leiden town hall 1940
Design for Wood Intarsia Panel for Leiden Town Hall, 1940

Tessellation

transitions

by M. C.

Escher

realism tessellations combined
Realism & Tessellations Combined
  • Sometimes, Escher would combine realism and tessellations.
  • Reptiles is an example of this combination.

'Reptiles' - 1943

metamorphosis i 1937
Metamorphosis I, 1937

by M. C. Escher

Realism & Tessellation Combined

cycle 1938
Cycle, 1938

by M. C. Escher

Realism & Tessellation Combined

day and night 1938
Day and Night, 1938

by M. C. Escher

Realism & Tessellation Combined

escher s last tessellation
Escher’s Last Tessellation
  • His last tessellation was a solution to a puzzle sent to him by Roger Penrose, the mathematician. Escher solved it and, true to form, changed the angular wood blocks into rounded 'ghosts'.

Penrose 'Ghosts' - 1971

slide27
How do you create a more complex tessellation?Draw a line that separates the two hidden shapes you have found.
make four versions of each shape each version with more detail
Make four versions of each shape, each version with more detail

The most detailed shape can be changed quite a bit

make four versions of each shape with more detail
Make four versions of each shape with more detail

The most detailed shape can be changed quite a bit