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The Companies Act 2013. ICAI – Calicut - 20.05.14. Chapter IX – Accounts of Companies (128 - 138) Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 (1 - 13). Jomon K. George Chairman, CL Committee, SIRC. Companies Act 2013. Overview. An all new enactment 470 sections (282 notified) 29 chapters

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slide1
The Companies Act 2013

ICAI – Calicut - 20.05.14

  • Chapter IX – Accounts of Companies (128 - 138)
  • Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 (1 - 13)

Jomon K. George

Chairman, CL Committee, SIRC

overview
Companies Act 2013

Overview

  • An all new enactment
  • 470 sections (282 notified)
  • 29 chapters
  • 7 schedules
  • 21 Rules notified

Jomon K. George

slide3
Companies Act 2013

Jomon K. George

slide4
Companies Act 2013

Important Schedules

  • Schedule I - Tables – MoA & AoA
  • Schedule II - Useful Lives for depreciation
  • Schedule III - General instructions for BS & PL
  • Schedule VII - CSR Activities

Jomon K. George

thrust focus and special features
Companies Act 2013

Thrust , Focus and Special Features

  • Corporate Governance - Satyam Effect
  • Thrust on Standards
  • Highly Punitive
  • Limit of 20 Audits – for all types of companies
  • Audit Rotation ...... A reality

Jomon K. George

slide6
Companies Act 2013

Opportunities , Threats & the Approach

  • New Opportunities for CAs - 138/CSR/IFC/Valuer etc..
  • Threats/ Changes – 144
  • Do it now – 185 & Deposits
  • Way forward – Strategy & Approach
  • Applicability for FY 2013-14
  • For Students - Being included in the Syllabus

Jomon K. George

slide7
Companies Act 2013

Books of Account - 128 (209 & 214)

  • Books of Account as in 2 (13) on accrual basis, under
  • double entry system & FS which give a true & fair view
  • of the affairs of the company should be kept at RO.
  • Notice to RoC within 7 days, if kept elsewhere.
  • Can be in electronic mode also.
  • Books of 8 years preceding the FY to be kept.
  • Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide8
Companies Act 2013

Financial Statement – 129 (210 & 211)

  • FS shall give a true & fair view in compliance with ASs
  • referred to in 133. Shall be in the form prescribed in Sch. III
  • Board shall lay the accounts in every AGM. CFS shall also
  • be laid in the AGM. Subsidiary to include Associates & JVs
  • A statement containing the salient features of the Financial
  • Statements of subsidiaries shall also be attached to the FS.

Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide9
Companies Act 2013

Financial Statement – 129 (210 & 211)

  • Where the FS of a company do not comply with AS, it shall disclose the following :
  • the deviation
  • the reasons for the deviation
  • the financial effect if any of such deviation

Jomon K. George

slide10
Companies Act 2013

CG to prescribe AS -133 (211)

The CG may prescribe AS or any addendum thereto as

recommended by ICAI in consultation with and after

examination of the recommendations of the NFRA.

Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide11
Companies Act 2013

Financial Statement, Boards Report -134 (211/217) -

  • The FS including CFS shall be approved by the board before they are signed by :
  • Chairperson if he is authorised or at least by two
  • directors of which one shall be MD &
  • - CEO if he a director of the company, the CFO and
  • the company secretary
  • The auditors report shall be attached to every financial statement

Jomon K. George

slide12
Companies Act 2013

Financial Statement, Boards Report -134 (211/217) -

  • There shall be attached to statements laid before a
  • general meeting a report of the board of directors
  • which shall include :
  • - extract of the annual return
  • - number of meetings of the board
  • - directors’ responsibility statement (with new points)
  • - declaration by independent directors u/s 149

Jomon K. George

slide13
Companies Act 2013

Financial Statement, Boards Report -134 (211/217) -

- explanations on qualifications of auditors/CS.

- related party transactions

- state of company’s affairs

- policy on Managerial Appt. & Remuneration

- major changes that have occurred between YE & report

Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide14
Companies Act 2013

Financial Statement, Boards Report -134 (211/217)

- statement on risk management policy

- CSR initiatives & the composition of the committee.

- performance evaluation (only by some companies)

- Loans/Guarantees/Investments u/s 186

- other matters as may be prescribed

Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide15
Companies Act 2013

Right to have copies of audited FS -136

A copy of the FS including CFS along with auditors report shall be sent to every member of the company and debenture trustees, not less than twenty one days of the meeting

In the case of a listed company, it shall be sufficient to keep it at RO for inspection and a statement with salient features of the above documents are sent in a prescribed form to those who are entitled to receive the same unless they ask for the full FS.

Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide16
Companies Act 2013

Right to have copies of audited FS - 136

The CG may prescribe the manner in which the FS is to be circulated in the case of certain companies

Every listed company shall place the above documents and accounts of its subsidiary(s) on its website.

Penalty for default – Co- 25000 ... Officer 5000

Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide17
Companies Act 2013

Copy of FS to be filed with RoC – 137 (220)

A copy of the FS including CFS along with auditors report duly adopted in the annual general meeting shall be filed with RoC within 30 days of the meeting with fees/addtl fees u/s 403

If not adopted, the un-adopted statements shall be filed with RoC within 30 days which shall be taken as provisional till the adopted FS are filed with him.

Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide18
Companies Act 2013

Copy of FS to be filed with RoC – 137

The FS of subsidiaries incorporated outside India shall be attached.

Where the AGM has not been held, the FS along with a statement of reasons for not holding the AGM shall be filed with RoC within 30 days of the due date with fess u/s 403.

Penalty for default

Company - 1000 per day ltd to 10 lacs

Officer - Imprisonment upto six months and/or fine of 1-5 lacs

Jomon K. George

slide19
Companies Act 2013

Internal Audit – 138 (New)

Certain companies shall appoint an internal auditor who shall be a professional as decided by the board to conduct internal audit of the activities and functions of the company.

The CG may prescribe rules in this regard

Rules & Forms

Jomon K. George

slide20
Companies Act 2013

Companies Act 2013 enacted

Makes CSR spending mandatory for some companies

Around 8000 companies will fall into the ambit of the CSR provisions

This would translate into an estimated CSR spend of $2.44 billion. (Rs. 15,000 Cr.)

Jomon K. George

slide21
Companies Act 2013

India is the only country that has made legislation for CSR spending !!

Jomon K. George

slide22
Companies Act 2013

The CSR Framework

  • Section 135 of the Act.
  • Companies (CSR Policy) Rules 2014.
  • Schedule VII -Eligible CSR Activities.

Jomon K. George

slide23
Companies Act 2013

Corporate Social Responsibility

Every company having :

in any FY shall constitute a CSR committee of the board

Net worth of 500 Cr or more

Turnover of 1000 Cr or more.

Net profit of 5 Cr or more.

Jomon K. George

slide24
Companies Act 2013

Corporate Social Responsibility

  • The CSR committee shall consist of :
  • in the case of a listed company, a minimum of three
  • directors of which one shall be an independent director.
  • Other companies, any three directors..
  • Private Companies with two directors, they can from
  • the committee.

Jomon K. George

slide25
Companies Act 2013

Corporate Social Responsibility

The CSR committee shall :

Formulate and recommend the CSR policy

indicating the activities to be undertaken

Recommend the amount to be spent

Monitor the CSR policy from time to time.

slide26
Companies Act 2013

Corporate Social Responsibility

  • The Board shall :
  • consider the recommendations of the committee, approve
  • the same and make disclosures in their report
  • ensure that such activities are undertaken and that the
  • company spends in every FY at least two percent of the
  • average net profits of the last three years, on CSR.
  • Spending should preferably in local area.

Jomon K. George

net profit
Companies Act 2013

Net profit

Not to include :

- profit of overseas operations

- dividend received from companies to which section 135 applies

Jomon K. George

schedule vii eligible activities
Companies Act 2013

Schedule VII – Eligible Activities

Eradicating hunger, poverty and malnutrition, promoting preventive healthcare and sanitation and making available safe drinking water

Promoting education including special education and employment , enhancing vocation skills especially among children, women, elderly and the differently-abled and livelihood enhancement projects

Jomon K. George

schedule vii eligible activities1
Companies Act 2013

Schedule VII – Eligible Activities

  • Promoting gender equality, empowering women, setting up homes and hostels for women and orphans, setting up old age homes, day care centres and such other facilities for senior citizens and measures for reducing inequalities faced by socially and economically backward groups.
  • Ensuring environmental sustainability, ecological balance, protection of flora and fauna, animal welfare, agro forestry, conservation of natural resources and maintaining quality of soil, air & water.

Jomon K. George

schedule vii eligible activities2
Companies Act 2013

Schedule VII – Eligible Activities

Protection of national heritage, art & culture including restoration of buildings and sites of historical importance and works of art, setting up public libraries, promotion and development of traditional arts and handicrafts.

Measures for the benefits of armed forces veterans, war widows and their dependants.

Training to promote rural sports, nationally recognised sports,

para-olympic sports and Olympic sports.

Jomon K. George

schedule vii eligible activities3
Companies Act 2013

Schedule VII – Eligible Activities

Contribution to PMs National Relief Fund or any other fund set up by Central Government for socio economic development and relief and welfare of SC/ST/OBC, minorities and women.

Contributions or funds provided to technology incubators located

within academic institutions which are approved by central

government.

Rural Development projects.

Jomon K. George

slide32
Companies Act 2013

Some

Points

- Spending has to be in India

- spending through external agencies should not exceed

5% of the total CSR spend

- Political contributions ... Not eligible

- Program exclusively for employees – not eligible

Jomon K. George

slide33
Companies Act 2013

The MCA plans to put out detailed FAQs and their answers on CSR

The FAQs would be prepared after collating queries from various quarters, including industry chambers, on CSR

activities and the same is planned to be put out on the

MCA website.

Besides the (IICA) is working on a certificate programme in CSR.

Jomon K. George

slide35
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

Manner of keeping books in electronic mode :

Shall remain accessible in India so as to be usable for subsequent reference. Shall be capable of being displayed

Should have a proper system for storage & retrieval. Back up should be kept in servers in India. Shall intimate RoC, the details of the service provider

The summarised returns of the BoA kept outside India shall be sent to the RO on quarterly basis which shall be kept open for inspection by directors.

Jomon K. George

slide36
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

Statement containing salient features of the FS of SC/AC/JV shall be in Form AOC 1

Manner of Consolidation of Accounts:

the Consolidated FS of a company shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Sch. III and applicable Accounting Standards

In the case of a company not required to prepare CFS under AS, it shall be sufficient if it complies with Sch. III.

Jomon K. George

slide37
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

AS for this purpose shall mean AS referred in the 1956 Act until new prescriptions come......

NACAS until NFRA is constituted

Jomon K. George

slide38
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

The boards report shall be prepared based on stand alone FS of the company

It shall contain a separate section on the performance

and financial position of the SC/AC/JVs included in CFS.

RP transactions referred in 188 (1) in Form AOC 2

Jomon K. George

slide39
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

Boards Report to include :

Change in the nature of business, if any..

Names of companies that have become/ceased to be SC/AC/JVs during the year.

Details of deposits covered under Ch. V of the Act and non- compliances, if any...

Cont..

slide40
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

Boards Report to include :

Details of significant orders passed by authorities having an impact on going concern and future operations.

The disclosures on CSR shall be as per annexure to the CSR Policy Rules 2014.

Every listed Co/public company having PuC of 25 crores or more shall include a statement indicating the manner in which formal annual evaluation was done by the board of its own performance, its committees and directors.

Jomon K. George

slide41
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

The statement containing salient features of the documents shall be in Form AOC 3.

Jomon K. George

slide42
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

Manner of circulation of FS :

Listed companies and public companies with networth of more than 1 Cr and T/O of more than 10 Cr, the FS may be sent by :

Electronic mode to demat members whose email ids are registered with depository and to NON demat members who have so consented in writing

Physical copies to all others by any mode as in section 20.

Jomon K. George

slide43
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

Every company shall file FS together with Form AOC 4.

Notified Companies shall file FS in XBRL

Jomon K. George

slide44
Companies Act 2013

Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014

The following class of companies shall appoint an internal auditor :

Every Listed Company

Unlisted public company having :-

 PuC of 50 Cr or more OR turnover of 200 Cr or more OR

Loans from Banks/FIs of 100 Cr or more OR Deposits of 25 Cr or more

Private company having :-

 T/O of 200 Cr or more OR Loans from Banks/FIs of 100 Cr or more

 Six months to comply, May be an employee of the company

CA may be in practice or not, Board/AC shall decide on the scope etc..

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