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Editing Wikipedia instead of writing a paper

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Editing Wikipedia instead of writing a paper

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  1. Editing Wikipedia instead of writing a paper Greta Munger, Davidson College “to change the way people think” –Denis Diderot (1750)Encyclopedia or a Systematic Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts and Crafts

  2. Civic engagement • …to assist students in developing humane instincts and disciplined and creative minds for lives of leadership and service… • Davidson College Mission Statement

  3. Developing the assignment • Defining an entry • Initial definition • Imagine this is all they read, what to know? • Methods • How do we define and measure this? • Specific results • This is the bulk of the article. • Theory • To the extent that there is some consensus.

  4. Wikipedia assignment • Traditional literature review • Students work individually • 1500-2000 words • 4-6 peer reviewed sources • Wikipedia project • Students in pairs • No specific word count • Add 15 peer-reviewed sources

  5. Wikipedia Day 1 • Registering, linking, and markup • User page details… • Register at Wikipedia • Link to Davidson College (external) • Link to course page • APS template • Infobox user template (make it pretty!) • Talk to a fellow classmate on their User page • Say “hi” to Online Ambassador • “Meet & greet” section of his talk page • Places to register… • Register at APS • Add your name to the list of students on our course page

  6. Wikipedia Day 2 • Finding sources and adding references • Citation wizard, DOI search

  7. Markup • What you see in textbox • Mental rotation is the ability to manipulate mental representations of two-dimensional and three-dimensional objects about various axes of rotation, with larger orientation differences require more processing time<ref>{{cite journal|last=Shepard|first=R. N.|coauthors=Metzler, J.|title=Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects|journal=Science|date=1971|volume=171|issue=3972|pages=701–703|doi=10.1126/science.171.3972.701}}</ref> <ref>{{cite book|last=Revlin|first=R|title=Human Cognition Theory and Practice|year=2012|publisher=Worth Pub|isbn=9780716756675|pages=237-241}}</ref>.{{reflist}} • What you see as the preview (and when page is saved) • Mental rotation is the ability to manipulate mental representations of two-dimensional and three-dimensional objects about various axes of rotation, with larger orientation differences require more processing time[1][2].1. ^ Shepard, R. N.; Metzler, J. (1971). "Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects". Science 171 (3972): 701–703. doi:10.1126/science.171.3972.701. 2. ^Revlin, R. Human Cognition Theory and Practice. Worth Pub. pp. 237-241. ISBN9780716756675.

  8. Wikipedia Day 3 • Articles & partners assigned • Article structure described • Develop tentative list of sources • Goal: 15 peer reviewed articles by next week

  9. A quick visual

  10. Writing concisely • Typical student sentence • “In a study done by Brown and Munger (2010), they manipulated whether the camera was rotating or translating through the scene and found larger representational momentum for rotations.” • APA rewrite • “Brown and Munger (2010) found larger representational momentum for camera rotations compared to translations.” • Wikipedia rewrite • “More representational momentum occurs for camera rotations compared to translations through a scene.[1]” 1. ^Brown, Travis A.; Munger, Margaret P. (2010). "Representational momentum, spatial layout, and viewpoint dependency". Visual Cognition 18: 780–800. doi:10.1080/13506280903336535.

  11. Content & focus, not just length

  12. Results • 200-level course • 29 undergraduates, 220+ refs • Childhood amnesia • Confabulation • Culture in music cognition • Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm • Embodied cognition • Encoding specificity principle • Eyewitness memory • Flashbulb memory • Global precedence • Misinformation effect • Music and emotion • Psychological refractory period • Reminiscence bump • Subliminal stimuli • ~6000 page views per month • 400-level course • 12 undergraduates, 180+ refs • Door-in-the-face technique • Eustress • Impression formation • Insight • Latent learning • Obedience (human behavior) • Perfectionism (psychology) • Personnel Psychology • Posture (psychology) • Realistic conflict theory • Reminiscence therapy • Self-serving bias • ~9000 page views per month

  13. Summary • Student reflections • Sense of purpose • Audience awareness • Concise writing • Argument • Source awareness • Google ≠ PsycINFO • Wikipedia ≠ peer-reviewed journal • Discussion • Article structure • Methods? • Theories? • History? • Research vs. Researcher? Undergraduates can accomplish a lot! 2 classes (N=41), 26 articles 400+ peer-reviewed sources added Information on method & specific results

  14. Assignment timeline & structure (1/2) • For sophomore lecture course • 34% of final course grade • Read 5 pillars, brief discussion about anonymity • Week 1 • Registering, linking, and markup • 1% of Wikipedia assignment • Week 2 • Finding sources and adding references • Library instruction on PsycINFO • Practice in sandbox using insert citation (1%) • Choosing a topic & partner • Week 3

  15. Assignment timeline & structure(2/2) • For sophomore lecture course • Sources on sandbox draft/talk page (6%) • Week 5 • Moving to main space, content evaluated (30%) • Week 9 • Peer reviews (2 each) (6%) • Week 10 • "Final" article (50%) • Week 13 • Reflective essay (6%) • Week 15 • Week 14 included Thanksgiving

  16. Accelerated assignment structure • For senior majors • 25% of final course grade • User accounts & topics (4%) • Week 1 • Moving to main space, content evaluated (28%) • Week 3 • Peer reviews (2 each) (8%) • Week 4 • "Final" article (56%) & Reflective essay (4%) • Week 6 (end of senior exams)