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ARE 306 Unit 12. Real Property Rights, Limitations & Taxation. Easements. Types Easement appurtenant dominant tenement/servient tenement Runs with land Easement in gross No dominant tenement Personal. Creation of easements. Express grant in a deed Reservation in a deed

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are 306 unit 12

ARE 306 Unit 12

Real Property

Rights, Limitations & Taxation

easements
Easements
  • Types
    • Easement appurtenant
      • dominant tenement/servient tenement
      • Runs with land
    • Easement in gross
      • No dominant tenement
      • Personal
creation of easements
Creation of easements
  • Express grant in a deed
  • Reservation in a deed
  • By prescription (7 or 20 years)
  • Implied easements
  • Statutory cartway proceeding
covenants running with the land
Covenants running with the land
  • Express (restrictive)
  • Implied
zoning and land use controls
Zoning and land use controls
  • Municipal
    • Extra territorial
  • County
    • Ag exemption
  • Voluntary agricultural districts
taxation
Taxation
  • Obligation
    • Tax foreclosures
  • Use valuation
use value taxation
Use value taxation
  • Assessed at current use
  • Eligible land
    • Agricultural - 10 or more acres
    • Horticultural - 5 or more acres
    • Forest land - 20 or more acres
use value taxation8
Use value taxation
  • $1,000 gross income for 3 years (except forest land)
  • 3 year recapture upon conversion
adverse possession
Adverse Possession
  • Elements
    • Actual
    • Open & notorious
    • Hostile
    • Continuous (tacking)
    • Exclusive possession under claim of right for statutory period
adverse possession10
Adverse Possession
  • Private land
    • 20 years - claim of right
    • 7 years - color of title
  • State land
    • 30 years - claim of right
    • 21 years - color of title
  • Never
    • Public trust land
    • Roads, canals, etc.
    • Federal land
    • Torrens system (cf., betterments)
adverse possession11
Adverse Possession
  • Policy
    • Encourage full use of property
    • Settle boundary disputes
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