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Brief Introduction to Asbestos. Asbestos is a naturally occurring fibrous mineral Asbestos has been mined from the ground and used as a material for the last 5,000 years There are currently over 5,000 different products that have been made using asbestos fibres

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Brief Introduction to Asbestos

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brief introduction to asbestos
Brief Introduction to Asbestos
  • Asbestos is a naturally occurring fibrous mineral
  • Asbestos has been mined from the ground and used as a material for the last 5,000 years
  • There are currently over 5,000 different products that have been made using asbestos fibres
  • 3,000 of these products have been used by the Construction Industry as Building Fabric Materials
  • The Construction Industry have installed ACMs into buildings globally for the last 150 years
  • Asbestos is an amazing materials which provides physical properties like no other product can.

All pictures are significantly magnified for visibility

Asbestos Fibre Types

Chrysotile Asbestos


Serpentine Fibre Group

Amosite Asbestos


Amphibole Fibre Group

Crocidolite Asbestos


Amphibole Fibre Group

Actinolite Asbestos

(Dark Green)

Amphibole Fibre Group


ACMs Can Be Found Anywhere in a Building !

Sprayed Coatings on ceilings, Walls, Beams and columns

Floor tiles, textiles and composites

Textured Coating

Asbestos Cement Products

Loose Asbestos in ceilings and floor cavities


Asbestos Insulating board

turkey asbestos regulations
Turkey Asbestos Regulations
  • Article 1. Purpose – To prevent exposure
  • Article 2. Application – Applies to All works and workplaces where exposure is possible
  • Article 3. Prepared in accordance with Article 78 of Labour Law
  • Article 4. Definitions – Covers all 6 Fibre types 4857
  • Article 5. RA’s –Requirements to conduct RA for all work liable to expose anyone to asbestos fibres
  • Article 6. Notification of Asbestos Work to Ministry of L & SS,
  • Article 7. Prohibition for ‘use’

Prohibits licensable ACM’s i.e Insulation, sprays etc

Prohibits marketing, producing and exposure

Removal, separation works are excluded

turkey asbestos regulations1
Turkey Asbestos Regulations
  • Article 8 Prevention of exceeding the ‘Limit Values’ or ‘Control Limit’ (Control Measures)
  • Article 9. Asbestos Measurements (Samples; Air Monitoring)
  • Article 10. Limit Value; or Control Limit
  • Article 11. Exceeding Limit Value
  • Article 12. Demolition; Maintenance and Repair Work
  • Article 13. Demolition and Removal Works
  • Article 14. Business Plan- Plan of work or MS
  • Article 15. Training for Asbestos Works
  • Article 16. Removal works by the experts
  • Article 17. General Measures.
  • Article 18. Information to the employees or their representatives
turkey asbestos regulations2
Turkey Asbestos Regulations
  • Article 19. Health Monitoring for Employees
  • Article 20. Storing of records & Medical surveillance
  • Article 21. Asbestosis & Mesothelioma Diseases
  • Article 22. Relevant European legislation & Directives
  • Article 23. Ministry may change reg with directories if required.
  • Article 24. This Regulation came into effect on 15th April 2006
  • Article 25. All regs are implemented by ministry of L&SS.
  • All current Turkish Asbestos Regulation are based on the E.U Asbestos Worker Protection Directives, and are currently operational in many countries worldwide.
2009 additions to turkish regulations
2009 Additions to Turkish Regulations
  • Implementing Regulation on Health and Safety Precautions Related to Carcinogens and Mutagen Substances at Work
  • Implementing Regulation on Health and Safety Precautions for Exposure to Asbestos at Work
  • Implementing Regulation on Minimum Health and Safety Requirements at Workplaces
  • Implementing Regulation on the Minimum Safety and Health Requirements for the Use of Work
  • Equipment by Workers at Work
  • Implementing Regulation on the Use of Personal Protective Equipment at Workplaces
  • Implementing Regulation on Manual Handling,
  • Implementing Regulation on Health and Safety Requirements in Underground and in Surface
  • Implementing Regulation on Health and Safety Requirements in the Mineral- extracting Industries through Drilling
  • Implementing Regulation on Occupational Health and Safety at Temporary or Fixed-Term Employment

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

Continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as of the local community and society at large

  • The 10 Principles of CSR also provides a vehicle to enable suitable controls to be in place for asbestos, asbestos management is affectively part of the responsibility to protect employees from risks.
  • Many major international companies and key organisations have already confirmed there support and commitment to CSR
  • Asbestos exposure risks form part of the buildings safety inspections and should be professionally assessed in order to identify the risks
  • Alongside other forthcoming regulatory controls companies will find it increasing difficult to avoid having to manage asbestos correctly in line with World Health Organisation recommended methods.
the world bank good practice note asbestos 2009
‘The World Bank’ – Good Practice Note – Asbestos 2009

The World Bank Avoids Asbestos in New Construction

&Warns of Hazards of Installed Asbestos !

The World Bank has issued a Good Practice Note, Asbestos: Occupational and Community Health Issues. The note outlines the health risks related to exposure to asbestos, lists resources on international good practices to minimize these risks, and describes some of the available alternatives to asbestos-containing products. The note advises that it is good practice to minimize the health risks associated with asbestos products by avoiding their use in new construction and renovation and, if installed asbestos-containing materials are encountered, by using internationally recognized standards and best practices to deal with them.

It notes that the Bank expects borrowers and other clients to use alternative materials whenever feasible.

asbestos prosecutions
Asbestos Prosecutions

UK: Wear Valley District Council fined £18,000 at Darlington Magistrates Court - also ordered to pay £7,722 costs.

USA: Contractors jailed for asbestos crimes

LCH Contracts Ltd of Great Burstead, Billericay, Essex fined £70,000 and costs of £13,821.00. 

Roger Lavender authorised the unlicensed removal of the identified asbestos and instructed his own employees to carry out the work. £6,666 and ordered to pay costs of £11,039.88 at Shrewsbury Crown Court

To date, asbestos litigation has forced more than 70 companies into bankruptcy, costing an estimated 60,000 jobs, a 25 percent decrease in the value of workers’ and significant losses for shareholders.  This is bad for workers, companies and the economy. 

asbestos the insurance industry
Asbestos & the Insurance Industry
  • Asbestos liability looks to be one of the largest problems ever faced by businesses. For the U.S. insurance industry asbestos-related losses could eventually reach as much as $65 billion
  • Insurance Claims: Between 1991 and 2004 U.S. insurers paid out of over $24 billion
  • In 2001 Tillinghast estimated U.S. insurers and reinsurers would eventually see total net losses of between $55 billion and $65 billion.
  • The cost of asbestos-related illnesses in the UK could amount to £20bn over the next 30 years, with the UK insurance industry expected to foot up to half the bill, Central Government will be responsible for the rest.
  • Most major insurance companies support or insist on Asbestos Management Regulations as it helps protect the legal liabilities of a company or organisation

Many insurance companies may refuse to renew your policy unless you have identified any potential asbestos risks and developed an Asbestos Management Plan

  • Many Governments are making contingency allowance to support the victims of asbestos related diseases, Major Organisations are seeking insurance against potential claims !

Turkish Organisations currently have following legal obligations:

    • Employers:
      • Duty to protect health of employees by preventing risk of exposure to asbestos, or reducing it to the lowest possible level
    • Building Owner or Facilities Managers:
      • Duty to be able to define the location and condition of all Asbestos Containing Materials in their premises. (If there is any doubt about whether or not asbestos is present, it should be presumed to be present)
      • Before any demolition, maintenance or repair work the employer carrying out the works must be provided an asbestos survey by the Building Owner or Facilities Manager
    • Contractors:
      • To conduct a written Risk Assessment in line with the regulation for works that are LIABLE to disturb ACMs
      • To produce Plan of Works for the removal of any asbestos through controlled procedures and conditions
      • To notify Ministry of Labour and Social Security before any work commences
      • Regulations stipulate the control methods for removing asbestos, monitoring and record keeping requirements
      • Removal of asbestos shall only be conducted by skilled personnel have required experience











  • Asbestos Consultation Service
  • Regulatory Management Service
  • Specifications; Tenders & Project Design
  • MDHS100 Type 2&3 Asbestos Inspections
  • Project Management for ACM Removal
  • Laboratory Analytical Services
  • Asbestos Awareness Training
  • Non-Licensable Asbestos Training
  • Risk Management & Liability Protection





Continued Support,

Professional Advice

& Consultation

to ensure all ACMs on the premises are managed correctly

and safely

Effective Asbestos Management

about greenwood
About Greenwood
  • Recently establish UK licensed asbestos removal company set up specifically to facilitate provision of asbestos services in Turkey
  • Turkey represents early stage market for asbestos services with potential for first mover advantage
  • Greenwood exploring market and developing relationships since mid 2008
  • Greenwood aims to become market leader and set best practice
    • Only achieved through partnership with local experts:
      • Distribution:
        • to establish JV agreement with one or more distribution partners
      • Service Provision:
        • Initially as a Broker rather than direct service provider:
          • personnel well connected within UK asbestos community and can source expert supplier for any asbestos related requirement
          • Third party services provided either on a sub-contractor or agency basis
        • Ultimately to form JV partnerships with local service providers and to facilitate skills transfer
what value can uk service providers offer

What value can UK service providers offer?

Best practice and experience:

Europe’s leading asbestos control sector

Licensing regime since 1983

700+ licensed contractors

Approx. £3 billion pa sector

Large contracting companies

(largest with turnover c £50m pa)

Extensive experience

Large scale contracting projects

greenwood team
Greenwood Team
  • Personnel have combined 25yrs asbestos experience comprising:
    • Contracting: involvement in some of largest UK asbestos removal projects: power stations, government premises (BBC)
    • Consultancy: leading expert advising UK government’s museum sector
    • Survey: one of UK’s most experienced asbestos surveyors
    • Labour supply: experts in training asbestos workers
  • Combine UK and Turkish expertise
  • Emphasis on best practice:
    • Regular guest speaker at industry forum
    • Work with government regulatory body to help set best practice
  • Commitment to Turkey:
    • Main business focus
    • Key staff relocation
team cont

Team (cont.)

David Price (Director)

Proven entrepreneurial track record

Set up one of sector leading asbestos labour agencies (UK government Home Office approval)

Regular contributor to government advisory panel and industry forum

Kevin Graham (Director)

15 yrs industry experience

One of UK’s leading asbestos consultants and surveyors

Asbestos consultant to department of UK government’s public sector

Unique and extensive experience (only person to have developed control measures for UK’s museum sector)

team cont1

Team (cont.)

Paul Billinge (Director)

25 yrs industry experience combining asbestos removal and building refurbishment

Highly qualified technical project manager

Managed some of UK’s largest and most prestigious asbestos removal projects

Experience in setting up asbestos removal and building services divisions

Rustu Kurtulan (Business Development)

One of Turkey’s leading Occupational Health & Safety auditors

During last 10 years has conducted over 1000 third party audits for most of Turkey’s leading manufacturing and industrial companies focusing on Quality, Environment and Social Responsibility

Trained in UK as a qualified asbestos removal manager

Selcuk Cakkalcurt  (Asbestos manager)

trained on many Asbestos courses and has been working on various projects in the Uk to gain experience in the asbestos industry

Selcuk has the hands on experience to pass on to The Turkish workers.



Paul Billinge, Director

Mobile: 00 44 7983 436004