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Internet and Communication Basics. Background of the Internet. Early origin in 1960s Closely tied to a networking project started by a governmental division called the Advanced Research Projects Agency. Original name: ARPANET

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background of the internet
Background of the Internet
  • Early origin in 1960s
  • Closely tied to a networking project started by a governmental division called the Advanced Research Projects Agency.
  • Original name: ARPANET
  • Created so that scientists were able to share information on military and scientific research.
what is a browser
What is a browser?
  • The software program that you use to retrieve documents from the World Wide Web (WWW) and to display them in a readable format.
  • Examples:
    • Internet Explorer
    • Netscape Communicator
    • Mozilla Firefox
research on the internet
Research on the Internet
  • Two basic tools used to find information:
    • Search engines
      • Used to search for keywords
        • Google and search for Presidents
    • Subject directories
      • Used to find specialized topics
        • Go into list of internal directories then seach a specific term
what is a search engine
What is a search engine?
  • A tool that lets you find Web pages that match a particular word or phrase.
  • Examples of search engines:
    • Google
    • Yahoo
    • Ask
    • Bing
types of search engines
Types of Search Engines
  • Multimedia Search Engines
    • Used to find graphics, video clips, animation, and MP3 music files.
  • Meta Search Engines
    • Search several major search engines at one time.
  • Individual Search Engine
    • Provides the highest volume of results – most broad
      • Putting in a key word
phrase searching
Phrase Searching
  • A phrase is entered using double quotation marks and only matches those that appear adjacent to each other and in the order in which you specify.
    • Example: “ baseball cards ”
boolean operators
Boolean Operators
  • Boolean logic consists of three logical operators:
    • AND
    • NOT
    • OR
    • Which would give you more results?
      • Yankees and baseball
      • Yankees or baseball
  • An extension is a set of characters that follow a filename and are separated from it by a period, used to identify the kind of file:
    • Exe = executable files
    • install and run programs and routines
      • www.wordsofworth.exe
    • What do you think the extension in the web address is an example of?
        • Filename
        • Organization
        • Directory
        • Country
chat rooms
Chat Rooms
  • Using the computer to create real-time communication between yourself and another user or a group of users.
    • Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
      • One of the most widely used chat forums on the Internet today.
        • Known as instant messanger
    • Buddy lists
      • You specify your list of friends and even tell when they are online.
      • Example: AOL Messenger
  • A discussion forum or a type of bulletin board.
  • Each board is dedicated to discussion on a particular topic.
  • Blogging is similar to newsgroups
    • It is a way to share your thoughts, feelings and opinions with others through the internet
      • Can be public or private
  • A way of publishing files to the internet and allowing users to subscribe and receive files automatically
    • Like a subscription
      • The US Olympics
what is email
What is Email?
  • Email, or electronic mail, is similar to regular mail. You have a message, an address, and a carrier that figures out how to get it from one location to another.
  • Email is used to stay in touch with family and friends, conduct business, and send attachments such as text and image files.
advantages and uses of email
Advantages and Uses of Email
  • Faster way to communicate and respond
  • Quick and easy way to send messages
  • Forward messages to other individuals
  • Send messages to multiple individuals
  • Include attachments such as pictures, audio files, and documents
email terminology
Email Terminology
  • Subject – the topic of the email
  • CC – Carbon Copy to send it to more than one person
  • BC – Blind Copy so you are able to send it to more than one person and the person in the BC spot is anonymous
  • Attachment – a way to attach/connect documents, pictures and videos to an email
to stay safe
To Stay Safe
  • Use only chat rooms and newsgroups that are moderated
    • Someone is making sure discussions stay on topic and people are following the rules
  • Make sure your websites are safe
    • There should be a lock at the bottom of the page
    • Or HTTPS in the address
  • If you get Emails from Bullies or people you do not know IGNORE the emails
    • Never write them back or post about the individual