DON’T WASTE THE WASTE…. WHERE DOES “WASTE-TO-ENERGY” BUSINESS STAND WITHIN ENERGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET? TURKEY – CASE STUDY Osman TÜRKMEN. www. desat .com. DON’T WASTE THE WASTE…. Where are we at energy market in the World?.
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“WASTE-TO-ENERGY” BUSINESS STAND WITHIN ENERGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET?
TURKEY – CASE STUDY
Where are we at energy market in the World?
Source :International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook, Executive Summary, 2008.
Where does renewable energy stand for within energy market?
Sources : -Kyoto Protocol, United Nations, 1998
-Directive 2001/77/EC of the EP & of the Council of 27 Sep 2001
Waste within biomass as a multiplier for benefit
What happens in waste?
After being placed in a landfill, waste (such as food) is initially decomposed by aerobic bacteria. After the oxygen has been depleted, the remaining waste is available for consumption by anaerobic bacteria, which break down organic matter into substances such as cellulose, amino acids, and sugars. These substances are further broken down through fermentation into gases and short-chain organic compounds that form the substrates for the growth of methanogenic bacteria. These CH4-producing bacteria convert the fermentation products into stabilized organic materials and biogas consisting of approximately 50% CO2 and 50% CH4 by volume. Significant CH4 production typically begins one or two years after waste disposal in a landfill and continues for 10 to 60 years or longer.
Turkey – Case study
Source : Turkish MoFE, Municipal Waste Statistics Survey, 2003.
Source : Turkish MoE, TETC, Turkish Electrical Energy 10-Year Generation Capacity Projection (2008-2017)
What can “waste-to-energy” bring to Turkey?