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ISA Expo 2006 SP100 Overview. October 17, 2006 Houston, TX. Presented by: Dick Caro CMC Associates, Acton, MA Paul Sereiko President. KAPM Strategic Management So Much Wireless… Why a new standard?.

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ISA Expo 2006 SP100 Overview

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isa expo 2006 sp100 overview

ISA Expo 2006SP100 Overview

October 17, 2006

Houston, TX

Presented by: Dick Caro

CMC Associates, Acton, MA

Paul Sereiko


KAPM Strategic Management

challenges of industrial wireless
Challenges of Industrial Wireless
  • RF communication links vary in time/space
    • Reflection
    • Absorption
    • Moving equipment
    • Environmental conditions
    • Machines turning on/off
  • RF Interference
    • Known interferers in the ISM bands
    • Unknown interferers

 Industrial sites have all of these challenges in spades!!

frequency dependent fading and interference
Frequency Dependent Fading and Interference

From: Werb et al., “Improved Quality of Service in IEEE 802.15.4 Networks”, Intl. Wkshp. On Wireless and Industrial Automation, San Francisco, March 7, 2005.

challenges of industrial applications
Challenges of Industrial Applications
  • Consequences of failure are serious
    • Must be reliable
    • Must be secure
  • Unpredictable placement and spacing
    • Not a regular grid like a building
    • May be dense or sparse (or both in the same facility)
  • Must operate for the life of the instrument
    • 10’s of years, not 10’s of months
    • Reliable over the long haul, not just the first year
    • Low power to allow for battery-powered devices

 And many more….

why a new standard
Why a new standard?
  • Industrial markets and applications have very strict reliability and security requirements
  • Current standards do not meet these requirements
  • Standard must encompass all technology layers to enable seamless interoperability with legacy systems
sp100 scope
SP100 Scope
  • The ISA-SP100 Committee will establish standards, recommended practices, technical reports, and related information that will define procedures for implementing wireless systems in the automation and control environment with a focus on the field level (Level 0)
  • Guidance is directed towards those responsible for the complete life cycle including the designing, implementing, on-going maintenance, scalability or managing manufacturing and control systems, and shall apply to users, system integrators, practitioners, and control systems manufacturers and vendors

- Excerpt from SP100 Charter Authorization Documents

sp100 membership as of 3 06
SP100 Membership (as of 3/06)

3e Technologies International

Adalet Wireless

Adaptive Instruments

Advanced Industrial Networks


ARC Advisory Group

Argonne National Laboratory

Aujas Systems

Automation Electronics

Automation World



BP America

Cambridge Silicon Radio


CMC Associates

Compressor Controls

Crossbow Technology

Dust Networks


ELPRO Technologies

Emerson Process Management


EPRI Charlotte




Frontline Test Equipment

GE Global Research

General Monitors




Kinney Consulting

Lyondell Equistar Chemicals

Oak Ridge National Labs

Omnex Controls


Michigan Technological University



NuFlo Measurement Systems

Occidental Petroleum Qatar

Oceana Sensor

OPTI Canada

Parsons Brinckerhoff

Phoenix Contact


ProSoft Technology

Putnam Media

Rice Lake Weighing Systems

Rockwell Automation Global


Safety Control Solutions

Saudi Aramco

Schneider Electric

Sensicast Systems

Shell Global Solutions

Shindengen America

SMAR International

Smart Sensor Systems

StatSignal Systems

Syncrude Canada

UniTorq Actuators

University of Alabama

Wunderlich-Malec Engineering

Yokogawa Electric

Zone Automation

Currently over 200 members

how work gets done
How work gets done
  • Each work group conducts regular teleconferences and face-to-face meetings as needed.
  • Groups are made up of OEMs, suppliers and end users.
  • The full SP100 committee meets 4 times a year for 3-4 days.
  • Electronic tools such as the SP100 website, an FTP site and a Microsoft Sharepoint server are used to coordinate work and deliverables.
  • All documents released by the committee are vetted through a balloting process.
how work products are organized
How work products are organized
  • Categorized by ‘usage class’
  • Categorized by layer in the OSI stack model
  • Categorized by document type
sp100 usage classes
SP100 Usage Classes

Importance ofmessage timeliness increases

osi technology layers
OSI Technology Layers

Layer 7 = Application

Layer 6 = Presentation

Layer 5 = Session

Layer 4 = Transport

Layer 3 = Network

Layer 2 = Link

Layer 1 = Physical

Layers follow accepted conventions.

Documents spanning multiple layers are numbered at the highest layer.

EX: SP100.5.2 could be prescribe a single standard spanning the physical and link layer of class 5 applications

sp100 work product structure
SP100 Work Product Structure

A Matrix Approach

User Application - class

X axis






Document Reference Scheme:


each cell will contain
Each “Cell” Will Contain



“Must Do”



“Should Do”




sp100 schedule
SP100 Schedule

CY 2007

CY 2008

CY 2006












Use Case Generation

Call For Proposals

Proposals Submitted

Selection of Baseline Technology

Specification Written

Edits and Comments

Submission to ISA

Products Available

sp100 standard development is a user focused process
SP100 Standard Development Is A User Focused Process
  • Users participate in the committee
  • Numerous user surveys have been and are being commissioned
  • The “Use Case Process” is one of our valuable tools for soliciting user information
use case structure
Use Case Structure
  • Site Description: Where wireless is to be deployed
    • Oil refinery
    • Food processing plant
    • Paper mill
    • Train car
    • Etc…
  • Application: What a wireless solution accomplishes
    • Tank level monitoring
    • Perimeter security monitoring
    • Etc…
  • Tasks: How individual tasks are accomplished and required type and quality of service
    • Periodic reporting of monitored values
    • Alerting and alarming
    • Device installation and commissioning
    • Device diagnostics and maintenance
    • Etc…
current use case completion status user supplied sept 06
Current Use Case Completion StatusUser Supplied (Sept ’06)

Sunoco Oil Refinery

Gas Transmission

Monitoring of alyk valve in refinery for maintenance-Chevron

Monitoring of well heads in offshore structure-Chevron

GM-Barcode and RFID reading.xls

GM-Bit-level switches.xls

GM-Bit-level switches & pressure sensors on robotics.xls

GM-Hand held portable electric torque wrench

Water-Waste Water SCADA System

DuPont Memphis well water monitor SP100UseCaseGuide_RTM.xls

Fertilizer Plant monitor and control catalyst converter bed temperature

Large Remote Multiple Well Site

Industry Mix

Oil – 11

Chemical – 3

Natural Gas – 2

Electric Power – 3

Wastewater – 2

Automotive – 4

Misc – 4

Total = 28

use cases scheduled for completion
Use Cases Scheduled for Completion
  • Shell Martinez Refinery
  • Pacific Gas & Electric
  • PSI Control Systems Inc
  • Florida Power & Light
  • Amgen
  • Altech USA
  • Omaha Public Power District
  • Cook Pharmica LLC
  • Immunicon
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Amtek Meters & Controls
  • Amgen
  • Southern Company
  • Arizona Public Service Co
  • Automated Control Concepts
  • Barry D. Payne & Associates
  • BJ Baldwin Elecric, Inc
  • Bechtel
  • BE & K
  • Bell Helicopter Co
  • EPRI

Total = 43

use case template
Use Case Template

Excel spreadsheet with three tabs, one for each component

how to submit a use case
How to Submit a Use Case
  • Get us your name, number and email today and we will pair you with an SP100 representative.
  • Your representative will forward the use case template to you and setup a one hour phone call to complete the case.
  • Subsequent use cases take less time as you will be familiar with the template and questions.
  • If your company/organization would like to submit multiple use cases you may want to train yourself or a colleague on the use case process.
where does your use case go
Where does your use case go?
  • Use cases will be submitted in raw form to the SP100.11 technical groups for inclusion in evaluation criteria and requirements generation.
  • ALL information in the use case is openly available to SP100 members
  • Periodic summaries and reports are compiled and distributed to members
site deployments are generally small relative to facility size 5
Site Deployments are Generally Small Relative to Facility Size (5%)

Occasional full site coverage is desired

and if you want to learn more
And if you want to learn more ….