Defining Poverty: Welfare in Ontario. How Welfare Works in Ontario The Social Assistance Reform Act, 1997, created two separate statutes, the Ontario Works Act (OWA), 1997, and the Ontario Disability Support Program Act (ODSPA), 1997.
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Welfare in Ontario
The Social Assistance Reform Act, 1997, created two separate statutes, the Ontario Works Act (OWA), 1997, and the Ontario Disability Support Program Act (ODSPA), 1997.
Ontario Works provides employment assistance and financial assistance to eligible persons in temporary financial need. The municipalities and First Nations communities deliver Ontario Works. Basic assistance and benefits are cost-shared with Consolidated Municipal Service Managers and First Nations Delivery Agents. The Government of Canada covers the 20 percent First Nations share.
The Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) provides income and employment supports to people with disabilities. The province delivers ODSP and the program is cost-shared with municipalities at a rate of 80/20. About Ontario WorksAnnual Ontario Welfare Amounts, p. 11 & 12
Poverty in Ontario is at an all time high. As the economic crisis grows, so does the number of people relying on social assistance and food banks.
Does a single person on social assistance receive enough income to live with health and dignity? Do The Math to find out! Do the Math
Poverty in Ontario has a big price tag. Poverty costs the residents of Ontario a staggering $32 billion to $38 billion a year – the equivalent of 5.5 per cent to 6.6 per cent of provincial GDP. As one would expect, most of this cost is borne by the 1.9 million households with the lowest incomes.
But for every dollar that poverty takes from these low-income households, the province as a whole loses an additional 50 cents. That is, for each and every household in Ontario, the cost of poverty works out to at least $2,300 a year. It shows up in extra costs to our health care system, the costs of crime, the cost of social assistance, the loss of tax revenue that accompanies low earnings, and the intergenerational costs that flow from the likelihood that a significant number of children from poor families will also be poor when they grow up. In total, these social costs of poverty add up to $10.4 billion to $13.1 billion
A Statistical Overview of Welfare Payments 1986-2007National Council of Welfare