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3 Kinds of Irony. Irony. What is Irony ?. Irony is about expectations . Irony: the opposite of what is expected . 3 kinds of irony Verbal Dramatic Situational. Verbal Irony. A character says one thing but means the opposite Also called sarcasm or being sarcastic . Examples

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3 kinds of irony

3 Kinds of Irony


What is irony
What is Irony?

Ironyis about expectations.

Irony: the opposite of what is expected.

3 kinds of irony

  • Verbal

  • Dramatic

  • Situational

Verbal irony

A character says one thing but means the opposite

Also calledsarcasmor beingsarcastic.


The locker room smells really good.

Awesome! Another homework packet!

Dramatic irony

When the reader understands more about the events of a story than a character.

You know something that a character doesn’t.


Tim’s parents are proud of the “A” he got on the test, but we know he cheated.

Alex writes a love poem to Judy but we know that Judy loves Devin.

Situational irony

When what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected.

Something about the situation is completely unexpected.


Eminem doesn't let his daughter listen to rap music with profanity.

Bill Gates uses an Apple computer.


Something that is ironic is unexpected.

If unexpected by a character, it’s dramatic.

If unexpected by everyone, it’s situational.

If it’s sarcasm, it’s verbal.

  • The average cost of rehabilitating a seal after the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska was $80,000. At a special ceremony, two of the most expensively saved animals were released back into the wild amid cheers and applause from onlookers. A minute later they were both eaten by a killer whale.

  • A psychology student in New York rented out her spare room to a carpenter in order to nag him constantly and study his reactions. After weeks of needling, he snapped and beat her repeatedly with an axe, leaving her mentally retarded.

  • In 1992, Frank Perkins of Los Angeles made an attempt on the world flagpole-sitting record. Suffering from the flu, he came down eight hours short of the 400-day record, to find that his sponsor had gone bankrupt, his girlfriend had left him and his phone and electricity had been cut off.

  • A woman came home to find her husband in the kitchen, shaking frantically with what looked like a wire running from his waist towards the electric kettle. Intending to jolt him away from the deadly current, she whacked him with a handy plank of wood by the back door, breaking his arm in two places. Till that moment he had been happily listening to his Walkman.

  • Two animal rights activists were protesting the cruelty of sending pigs to a slaughterhouse in Bonn. Suddenly the pigs, all two thousand of them, escaped through a broken fence and stampeded, trampling the two hapless protesters to death.

  • Iraqi terrorist Khay Rahnajet didn't pay enough postage on a letter bomb. It came back with "return to sender" stamped on it. Forgetting it was the bomb, he opened it and was blown to bits.