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Poetry Terms. Elements of Poetry. Figurative language: language that is used imaginatively, rather than literally, to express ideas or feelings in new ways.

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elements of poetry
Elements of Poetry
  • Figurative language: language that is used imaginatively, rather than literally, to express ideas or feelings in new ways.
  • These figure of speech make comparisons between dissimilar things: Similes use like or as to compare 2 essentially unlike things, as in “She runs like the wind”.
  • Metaphors speak of one thing in terms of another, as in “All the world’s a stage.”
  • Personification gives human traits to nonhuman things, as in “The ocean snarled and pounded against the shore”
poets use sound devices and prosody to achieve a musical quality
Poets use sound devices and prosody to achieve a musical quality.
  • Rhythm is the pattern created by stressed and unstressed syllables of words in sequence. A pattern of rhythm is called meter.
  • Rhyme is the repetition of identical sounds in the last syllables of words. A pattern of rhyme at the ends of lines is a rhyme scheme.
poets use sound devices and prosody to achieve a musical quality1
Poets use sound devices and prosody to achieve a musical quality.
  • Alliteration, or initial rhyme, is the repetition of the initial consonant sounds of nearby words, as in the words light and lemon.
  • Assonance, the words date and fade.
  • Consonance is the repetition of consonants within nearby words in which the preceding vowels differ, as in the words milk and walk.
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Poets use graphic elements to help readers to understand the poem and to strengthen the sound or visual appeal of the poem.
  • Punctuation marks such as commas show the reader where to slow down or pause
  • Line length can help determine whether a poem has a flowing sound or a short, choppy sound.
  • Word position can show relationships between words and ideas.
types of poetry
Types of Poetry
  • Narrative poems tells a story with a plot, characters, and a setting.
  • An epicis a long narrative poem about the feats of gods or heroes.
  • A ballard is a songlike narrative with stanzas and a refrain
types continued
Types continued
  • Dramatic poetry tells a story using a character’s own thoughts or spoken statements.
  • Lyric poems express the feelings of a single speaker. Lyrics are the most common type of poem in modern literature.
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Poems can also be categorized by structure, or form.Poetic structures are defined by patterns of line and stanza length, rhythm, and rhyme.

  • A haiku is a verse form with 3 unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables.
  • Tanka is a verse form with 5 unrhymed lines of 5, 7, 5, 7, and 7 syllables. Both forms use imagery to convey a single vivid emotion.
  • Some poems, described as free verse, have neither a set pattern of rhythm nor rhyme.
  • A sonnet is a 14-line lyric poem with formal patterns of rhyme, rhythm, and line structure.