Guidelines for Safe Lifting • Consider the weight of object/ patient. • The stretcher alone weighs 70-80 lbs. • Communicate with partner. • Know your physical limitations • Identify the need for help before lifting. • Have a plan.
Guidelines for Safe Lifting Use your legs to lift…NOT BACK Have feet positioned properly. Keep weight close to body. Lift without twisting.
Guidelines for Safe Lifting • Power-lift position • Useful for individuals with weak knees/thighs • Feet are a comfortable distance apart • Back is tight and abdominal muscles lock the back in a slight inward curve • Straddle the object • Keep feet flat • Distribute weight to balls of feet or just behind them. • Stand by making sure the back is locked in and the upper body comes up before the hips. CONFIDENTIAL
Guidelines for Safe Lifting • Power-grip position • To get maximum force from hands • The palm and fingers come into complete contact with the object and all fingers are bent at the same angles • Hands should be at least 10 inches apart CONFIDENTIAL
Safe Reaching Techniques Keep your back locked in. Avoid twisting while reaching. Avoid reaching more than 15-20 inches in front of your body.
Safe Pushing and Pulling Push, rather than pull. Keep your back locked in Keep weight close to your body.
Safe Pushing and Pulling Keep your knees bent. Avoid pushing or pulling overhead. Keep elbows bent and arms close to sides. If weight is below waist level, push or pull from a kneeling position.
Emergency Moves • There is immediate danger to the patient if not moved: • Fire or danger of fire • Explosives or other dangerous materials • Life-saving care cannot be given because of patient’s location/position • Patient must be moved to reach a critical patient.
Emergency Move: Firefighter’s Carry
Urgent Moves • Used when there is an immediate threat to life: • Altered mental status • Inadequate breathing • Shock (hypoperfusion) • Treatment of patient’s condition requires a move.
Non-Urgent Moves Use when there is no threat to life. Use when patient’s condition allows for assessment and care. Typically utilize a carrying device. In narrow places, the best technique for moving a patient using a spinal board as an alternative to a 4 person log roll is the 4 person straddle slide
3. Stair Chair – For people that can sit up and that have to be carried down stairs
Patient Positioning Part of patient care plan Must not cause harm to patient Must be safe
1. Recovery Position Unconscious Patient without Spinal Injury
2. Position of Comfort – Semi-fowlers Upper body at 45° angle
3. Shock Position - Trendelenburg Patient without Spinal Injury Legs elevated 8-12 inches
For a pregnant patient with hypotension, an early intervention is to position the patient on her left side. • A patient who is nauseated or vomiting should be transported in a position of comfort. Remember airway always takes priority.
Transferring the Patient to a Hospital Bed Using a Draw sheet