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Trends in Pre-K and K-12 Education. Dean Karen Symms Gallagher Emery Stoops and Joyce King-Stoops Dean’s Chair. Assumptions. Children and youth are most important resources for sustaining our democratic way of life and our economic viability

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trends in pre k and k 12 education

Trends in Pre-K and K-12 Education

Dean Karen Symms Gallagher

Emery Stoops and Joyce King-Stoops Dean’s Chair

assumptions
Assumptions
  • Children and youth are most important resources for sustaining our democratic way of life and our economic viability
  • Investment in education, health and social services for children and youth is good for everyone
  • Success in school (cognitive achievement, high school graduation) depends on individual effort, family support and societal commitment
62 countries with below replacement level 2 1 fertility rates in 2000 2005
1-China,Hong Kong (1.0)

2- China, Macao (1.1)

5- Russian Federation (1.14)

11- S. Korea (1.17)

15- Italy (1.23)

23- Japan (1.32)

25- EU (1.38)

30- Canada (1.48)

47- China (1.825)

62- USA (2.01)

62 COUNTRIES WITH BELOW REPLACEMENT-LEVEL (2.1) FERTILITY RATES IN 2000-2005
longer term effects of high quality ece programs
Longer Term Effects of High Quality ECE Programs
  • Improved student achievement
  • Fewer grade retentions
  • Fewer special education referrals
  • Increased graduation rates
  • Lower incidence of criminal activity
high quality preschool standards
Early Learning Standards

Teacher with BA degree

Teacher with training in Pre-K

Teacher aide has CDA

15 hours of professional development per year

Maximum class size – 20

Staff to child ration 1:10

Required screening and referrals to comprehensive health

At least one meal/day

State monitoring and data collection

High Quality Preschool Standards
targeted vs universal ece
Targeted:

Less expensive

At-risk children benefit the most

Less likely to receive consistent public support

Universal

All parents have same option to enroll

More administrative costs

Greater political support, maybe

Targeted vs. Universal ECE
high quality ece and reading
High Quality ECE and reading

Importance of 3rd grade reading ability (reading on grade level)

Importance of curriculum designed on principles of child development

Caring, competent and qualified pre-K teachers

the problem of adult illiteracy
The Problem of Adult Illiteracy
  • 40 percent of adult Americans have trouble reading job applications, traffic signs, election materials, prescription directions on medicine bottle, reading a bus schedule, newspaper article
  • 75 percent of unemployed adults have reading and/or writing difficulties
adult illiteracy in los angeles
Adult Illiteracy in Los Angeles

3.8 million Angelenos or 53 percent of LA County’s adult work force cannot read a bus schedule

Children’s health affects their ability to read and their ability to succeed in kindergarten and first grade

If every 3rd grader left 3rd grade able to read at grade level …..

getting ready for school
Getting Ready for School
  • Reading at grade-level by the end of 3rd grade is not a cure-all, but it is a critical goal and must be supported by everyone in our educational system in California and the USA
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