Quiz 1. Lecture 3, Chapter 2 A short review Step by step guide to understanding medical terms Step 1 : Divide the term into its word parts ( prefix, suffix, word root, and combining vowel(s)) Step 2 : Define each word part. Singular and plural endings
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A short review
Step by step guide to understanding medical terms
Step 1: Divide the term into its word parts ( prefix, suffix, word root, and combining vowel(s))
Step 2: Define each word part
Our good friends, the languages of Latin and Greek, chime in at this point.
Here is when we use the rules of these languages to form the plural form of medical terms. It is best to learn these through practice, once you become familiar with them, words will ‘sound correct’ to you.
vertebra vertebrae (not vertebras)
neuron neurons (hey, that’s just like English!)
You will have to learn these terms as you encounter them, because there is no one uniform rule that applies to all terms. These terms were developed before standardization was common. Some times you will see the common English plural form of a word (such as virus -> viruses), sometimes you will see the Latin or Greek endings (vertex -> vertices)
Please review the singular and plural endings on page 9 of your text book.
Here is where all of the information comes
together in a concise and documented form.
The medical record will typically cover a patients history, and include notes by various medical professionals – from medical assistants, to doctors, nurses, and anyone else who has interacted with the patient.
Again, you must become familiar with the style and format of medical records in your place of work. Every style is unique, but the more documentation, the better communication between medical professionals and the better care a patient will receive. For this reason, the importance of proper medical records cannot be understated!
No matter where you work, patient confidentiality is protected by law and is considered to have privileged access. Medical records are legal documents, and are signed and dated when entries are made.
Just remember, higher-order (more complex) structures are built out of lower-order (less complex structures).
The study of cells, the fundamental unit of all life, is called cytology.
Human cells are eukaryotic (from the greek terms eu meaningproper or correct, and karyon meaning nut or capsule). This simply means they contain a cell nucleus, a distinct region within a cell in which important biological functions are performed.
All eukaryotic cells (essentially plant and animal cells), also contain cytoplasm (fluid within a cell) and are surrounded by at minimum a single cell membrane (outer layer).
We will study 4 main types of tissue.
Refer to pages 22 – 24 for more complete descriptions of these tissues
Human cheek cells
source: fife education
Q: Name another type of common connective tissue that is donated.
Dorsal root ganglion
Source: GPLed images
Tissues are arranged into organs, and these
organs are arranged into systems of organs.
There are 11 major organ systems we will discuss.
These have been designated based on
terminology, these systems are not perfectly
isolated in any way.
Refer to pages 25 – 29 for more complete descriptions of these systems