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Chapter 8. Settling the West Chapter Review. What valuable metals brought the first waves of settlers that populated the mountain states of the West?. Gold, Silver, and Copper. Type of mining in which deposits of ore could be extracted mostly by hand. Placer Mining.

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chapter 8

Chapter 8

Settling the West

Chapter Review


What valuable metals brought the first waves of settlers that populated the mountain states of the West?


He staked a claim in Six-Mile Canyon, Montana. The blue-gray mud there turned out to be nearly pure silver ore.


Law enforcement which consisted of self-appointed volunteers who would track down and punish wrongdoers.


Mining town where Samuel Clemens accepted a job as a reporter for a local paper and began using his pen name “Mark Twain.”


True or False?

The Pikes’ Peak strike was really a hoax; there really was no gold in the area.


This city, a supply point for mining areas, became the second largest city in the West after San Francisco.


Congress admitted these three states of the northern Great Plains in 1889 after enough miners, ranchers, and ranchers moved into the area.


A vast area of grassland owned by the government. This area covered much of the Great Plains and provided land where ranchers could graze their herds free of charge.


Beef prices were low, and

  • Moving the cattle to the eastern markets was not practical.

The Civil War and,

  • The construction of the railroads

This invention enabled hundreds of square miles of open range to be fenced off cheaply and easily. It also ended the long drives.


Farming technique where seeds were planted deep in the ground where there was enough moisture for them to grow.


Mechanical reapers,

  • Binders, and
  • Threshing machines

Before the Sand Creek massacre, the Cheyenne had come to Fort Lyon to

    • A. Negotiate
    • Surrender
    • Attack
    • Defend their land

Competition from other wheat-producing nations caused prices to drop,

  • Prolonged drought destroyed crops and farms.

Dakota chief who asked traders to provide his people food on credit. He led the Dakota Sioux uprising in Minnesota.


He was a religious leader as well as a war chief who lured the U.S. troops into an ambush in Wyoming in 1866.


Formed by Congress in 1867, it proposed creating two large reservations on the Plains, one for the Sioux and another for southern Plains Indians.


Commander of the 7th Calvary. He underestimated the fighting abilities of the Lakota and Cheyenne.


A ritual important to the Lakota. It celebrated a hoped-for reckoning when settlers would disappear, the buffalo would return, and Native Americans would reunite with their deceased ancestors.